<Adolf Hitler

Investigating the story of Adolf Hitler is similar to exploring a fractal, as the further one travels into it, the more complex it becomes. One of the major difficulties in achieving an authentic level of understanding of the Hitler phenomenon is the abundance of spurious sources. The migraines of many a historian can be directly attributable to this reality. The myths abound: Hitler was Jewish with a Rothschild ancestor; Hitler had only one testicle; Hitler had two testicles, but one was bitten off by a goat; Hitler once lived in Liverpool, England; Hitler was insane; Hitler contracted syphilis from a French prostitute during WW1; Hitler took Golden Showers on alternate Thursdays; Hitler knew nothing about the Holocaust and would have disapproved had he known; Hitler's 'real' name was Schicklgruber; Scientists have cloned Hitler's lip, and it is growing a mustache; Hitler never wanted war but was forced into it by an 'International Jewish/Maxist/Capitalist Conspiracy'; Hitler was a homosexual; Hitler escaped his presumed death in the Bunker and is at this very moment playing cards with Elvis and some mildly nervous Arab fellows; and so on. Most of us have heard at least a few of these, and possibly believed a few as well.

The ambiguous and sometimes contradictory evidence is ready made for those who would tell the story with an agenda; German politicians and so-called 'Revisionist' historians being two of the most obvious. Objectivity, the ideal of the true historian, is harder to come by in the field of Hitler Studies than in nearly any other discipline not theologically based. In a field that touches on such charged issues and events as Nationalism, Racism, the events collectively referred to as the Holocaust, the very nature of war and peace and good and evil, emotions tend to cloud, or at least effect, the judgment of even the most disciplined scholar. Ron Rosenbaum called it a 'terra incognita of ambiguity and incertitude where armies of scholars clash in evidentiary darkness over the spectral shadows of Hitler's past'.



Adolf HITLER: A Universal Symbol

Sixty years after his death, the mass-destroyer is more popular than ever. In India he symbolizes resistance, in Egypt prosperity, in Peru discipline. The Senegalese celebrate him as a hero of anti-colonialism and the Chinese in Hong Kong as a champion of style.

Presumably, Hitler is the only European who, more than half a century after his death, is still widely known around the world. Other contemporary politicians, such as Churchill or de Gaulle, are merely remembered in the respective linguistic or cultural spheres; the same goes for intellectual heroes like Göthe, Kant, Cervantes, Shakespeare.

But only the mass-murderer Hitler is part of popular knowledge in Korea, Japan, Namibia or Uruguay, even outside the academic islands.

Hitler, the German, is not only the most well-known European, but beside the religious founders Mohammed, Jesus, Buddha or the slayers Genghis Khan or Stalin perhaps one of the most well-known figures of all time.

  

These are the results of journalistic polls by five members of our newspaper in the Southern parts of the world. For Europeans, who like to view their continent as the cradle of the Enlightenment and humanism, it is a rather embarrassing finding. And a disconcerting if not downright shocking one. Because Hitler is viewed in a positive light by millions of non-Europeans.

However, if one listens closely, this disconcertment slightly wanes. Most of the time, it is not the historical Hitler, the politician of hatred and extermination who is celebrated or even wished to reappear, but a figure of fantasy with few real attributes. Hitler has a cathartic function, in which each culture projects its specific experiences, preferences and problems.

In the corrupt and chaotic economies of South America, Hitler is read as a code for order and national unity. Africans, on the other hand, admire the strong man in him, the myth of power, but also the enemy of the former colonialists France and England.

Also in India, from whose history Hitler took his ideas of the Aryans and the Swastika, even though the subcontinent does not know any anti-Semitic traditions, Hitler is transfigured into an aid in the national liberation struggle against the British Crown.

However, in East Asia, Hitler is merely present as an aesthetic influence in fashion collections, commercials and the restaurant business, uncoupled from Nazi policies or World War II.

This is not the case in the Arabic and Iranian center of Islam. Not only is Hitler celebrating a renaissance in the Middle East, but the modern view of Hitler is closest to the historical one. In contrast to the West, the historical facts are evaluated differently. What is condemned as the most abominable deed of Hitler: the attempted extermination of the Jews, is judged as honorable politics by many in the Middle East. The only reproach: Hitler did not finish the job.


Eugen Sorg
"Weltwoche", Zürich, Issue 29/2004

The Strange, Mysterious Eternal Allure Of Adolf Hitler
Author Unknown

"After visiting these two places (Berchtesgaden and the Eagle's Nest on Obersalzberg) you can easily understand how that within a few years Hitler will emerge from the hatred that surrounds him now as one of the most significant figures who ever lived. He had boundless ambitions for his country which rendered him a menace to the peace of the world, but he had a mystery about him in the way that he lived and in the manner of his death that will live and grow after him. He had in him the stuff of which legends are made.

-- John F. Kennedy "Prelude To Leadership - The European Diary of John F. Kennedy - Summer, 1945". Regnery Publishing, Inc. Washingon, DC

"Yes, Heil Hitler. I, too, say that because he is truly a great man".

-- David Lloyd George, (British Prime Minister 1916-1922)

Following World War II, after 1945, Winston Churchill obviously read "Mein Kampf" and subsequentely expressed his opinion, to have "slaughtered the wrong pig" in WWII. (H. Sondermann, "Old Foe, What Now?")

 

"New findings of Russian researchers show that Hitler wasn't the genius of evil as portrayed at all times by all sides".

-- "Berliner Morgenpost" - Sunday, 11 March  2001  

 

Love him or hate him. Adolf Hitler does not disappear. For every political situation, his image is exploited and his memory freely used at every opportunity, by various interest groups and held up as an example for whatever is the relevant political agenda on discussion at any particular moment.

 

To some he is the Devil incarnate. The Antichrist: the greatest evil in the history of man. To others he was a savior of man, standing up against the enslavers of the world. For some he is a genius that mankind will never see again for another thousand years. To many he was a secular Messiah with an ideology of optimism.

 

To a larger majority he was simply a strong leader with many good ideas that could have made a better world for all, but he went too far causing war and murdering millions of Jews.

 

To The Torah True Jews Adolf Hitler was an envoy of God, sent to punish the Jews for their sins:

"It is common knowledge that all the sages and saints in Europe at the time of Hitler's rise declared that he was a messenger of divine wrath, sent to chasten the Jews because of the bitter apostasy of Zionism against the belief in the eventual messianic redemption".

To modern psychiatrists he was of an unstable type, suffering from childhood trauma and delusions of grandeur and of his own power, due to his failure as a man to achieve a basic and useful trade.

 

To his enemies he had every conceivable mental illness one could think of, usually the result, of some sexual deficiency in his make up. In this context we must remember that the persons giving this allegation have their learning based on Freud's lectures. Scholars of the Third Reich dismiss this intellectual outlook as crude and simplistic. To others he was totally mad.

 

No one person in the 20th century has had such a profound effect as "the German Führer". He raised a robbed, starving, broken, and defeated people into a well fed, motivated, happy, prosperous, industriously advanced and highly successful nation. This was all achieved in peace-time in an unbelievable six years.

 

"There can be no doubt: National Socialism was part of a modernisation process in German society. It expedited the social changes in Germany. It transferred more to the underprivileged segments of society and brought equality and emancipation to women. The real reason for America to go to war against Germany was Hitler's disruption of a working world economy [NWO]".

-- Heinz Höhne, "Gebt mir vier Jahre Zeit" [Give me Four Years], Ullstein Publishing House, Berlin-Frankfurt 1996

 

It's military, drawn from the people, now motivated by this powerful new philosophy, outnumbered and outgunned, became an almost invincible force that took the entire world to defeat. Its destruction, brought about by the international money power, (the enemies of the German and all opposition systems), destroyed it totally in a well-prepared plan of campaign of destruction.

 

They used their vast money power to buy and control politicians and aristocrats around the world, and then used the military might of as many countries as possible to attack the Third Reich.

 

Hitler amazed the world in everything he accomplished. To the great majority of the German people he was a redeemer. He gave them real leadership and motivated them to the greatest heights of achievement in every field of endeavour. Germany was a pulsating hive of industry. Every section of the country responded to his ideas and encouragement. He gave the German people joy of being alive and a pride in simply being a German, instead of the humiliated broken people he had inherited. There was an infectious feeling of excitement and expectancy in the land, as day by day and week by week, Hitler raised his people from the gutter and freed Germans from humiliation in other lands.


-- "Hitler's Table Talks", Ullstein Publishers, Frankfurt 1989

 

To his admirers, he was a real patriot and a war hero, having suffered in the horrors of trenches during the First World War. The people sensed that at last they had found standing before them a man, in whom they could trust and who believed in himself and in the talents and abilities of his own people.

 

It is not surprising then that intellectuals (Gertrude Stein) and politicians around the world, praised him highly including the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, when he wrote:

 

"I have always said that if Great Britain were defeated in war I hoped we should find a Hitler to lead us back to our rightful position among the nations".

-- Winston Churchill in "The London Times",  7 November 1938

 

And David Lloyd George (Ex-Prime Minister, UK), who stated in the "Daily Express" (17 September 1936):

"It is not the Germany of the first decade that followed the war- broken, dejected and bowed down with a sense of apprehension and impotence. It is now full of hope and confidence, and of a renewed sense of determination to lead its own life without interference from any influence outside its own frontiers. One man has accomplished this miracle. He is a born leader of men. A magnetic and dynamic personality with a single-minded purpose, a resolute will and a dauntless heart".

 

He created a Germany that influenced people from far beyond its borders. During the Second World War, a million foreigners joined the Waffen SS simply because they believed in what he was trying to achieve, and willingly sacrificed themselves, for no reward except a profound belief in what they were fighting for.

 

Hitler created visual images of National Socialism and the Third Reich that are so outstanding, that to this day no person or country, has ever surpassed its artistic and spiritual influence. These powerful images of the Third Reich have been so effective that even today Hollywood film studios have made billions of dollars since the end of World War II, and still continue to fill theatre seats just on the power of Hitler's name.

 

His use of the ancient sign of the Swastika is the most famous and easily recognized emblem around the world today, and memorabilia of the Third Reich changes hands for high prices at public auctions or private sales rooms.

 

Tens of thousands of people purchase copies of Third Reich archive material, and in the privacy of their own homes, watch in fascination at the man who attempted to change the world and bring back simplicity to its organization.

 

At the Holocaust Museum in Washington, concentration camps facilities are on display alongside a film-hall which shows the famous NSDAP Party Convention in Nuremberg (Leni Riefenstahl, "Triumph of The Will"). This hall is continuously packed with spellbound visitors whilst the sections, showing "Jewish sufferings", are almost always empty.

 

Endless books have been published on the Third Reich mostly vilifying Hitler and his supporters. Even today, debates take place at every level continuing to try to understand or demean this phenomenon.

 

Some years ago the German historian Rainer Zitelmann, in a scholarly study established that Hitler's outlook was "rational, self-consistent, and modern" and as early as 1953, the respected British historian Hugh R. Trevor Roper, evoked the image of Hitler as a kind of "synthesis of Napoleon and Spengler, noting that of all the world conquerors Hitler had been the most "philosophical".

 

Hitler had a mixed attitude towards the United States. He praised its pre-1940s pro-white racial policies and restrictions on non-white immigration and its pioneering adoption of eugenics measures.

 

Whilst the American Apartheid System lasted until 1963, Hitler was dismayed by the spectacular growth of Jewish power which attempted to introduce the Kaufman Plan ("Germany must Perish") by using the American democratic system for their own agenda. Kaufman's Plan, [he called it "The Final Solution"], sought to exterminate the entire German nation through sterilization and was cheered by American politicians and the mass media: "A Sensational Idea" ("Time Magazine")

 

Many people in position of authority, who continue to praise him today, have to do so clandestinely, or they face the wrath and retribution of the Jewish World Congress. Less well-known figures must watch their words, or they will be dubbed a Nazi and can face discrimination and dismissal from their place of work. In some countries they can be fined and imprisoned.

Governments (especially in " Democratic Germany") are terrified of any movement that has similarities to the style or ideas of the German Führer, and arrest, punish or fine, any individual who dares to show his support for or express serious interest in his ideals. In most democratic countries (especially Germany), his books are banished and publishers face arrest and are heavily fined for publishing National Socialist material. According to the Annual Report of the 'German Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution' (George Orwell could not have invented a more sinister title) the German persecution machinery prosecuted between 1994 and 2002 a total of 80.703 citizens for expressing politically incorrect opinions in Germany.

In Britain, the United States and in Israel his book "Mein Kampf" can be easily obtained
. The universities of Israel have many copies of "Mein Kampf" which are used for political studies by the students.

 

Not a day goes by without television stations around the world broadcasting programmes on Hitler and his policies. The Holocaust is the most discussed subject now in the world of politics. The modern day liberal intellectuals, who to one man, have been forced to accept the new multicultural experiment on mankind, (promoted by a race, who themselves do not practise what they preach), mostly condemn his ideas.

 

While magazines and newspapers constantly mention Hitler's name usually accompanied by a dramatic photo of him for their readers to gloat over. "Nazism always sells. Hitler is functioning almost as good as Jesus Christ," Amercian publishers told their German colleague Suhrkamp when he complained that they only wish to buy from him Hitler literature. ("Der Spiegel" 28/1999)

 

Intellectuals, mostly Jewish, still continue trying to unfathom the mystery, of where and how this immense power came about. Nervous rabbis, deranged by centuries of Cabalistic indoctrination, have uneasy notions that Hitler was sent by the enemy of their God Yahweh, to do battle with them in preparation of the final battle yet to come.

 

Other Jews are so impressed with his single mindedness, his abilities and strength, that they have even suggested, that he was in fact Jewish by birth, (subtly implying that no matter how evil he has been portrayed, by their own media propaganda agencies), only a person of Jewish blood could ever be such a genius.

 

Without the existence of Adolf Hitler there would be no modern Israel today, from where the Jewish people can freely operate their world wide businesses empires, free from non-Jewish interference and restrictions. Without him and his policies towards the Jewish people during the early thirties the transfer agreement would not have been signed and Jews in Germany were proud to fly their Star of David Flag along side the Swastika.

"The delight with which some Zionist leaders in Germany welcomed Hitler's rise to power, because they shared his belief in the primacy of 'race'..."

-- Israel Shahak, "Jewish History, Jewish Religion," Pluto Press, London 1994

Hitler's hostile attitude to Jews was neither irrational nor aberrant. He simply saw the Jews as Jesus Christ did before him. Jesus said to the Jews:

"You belong to your father, the devil and you want to carry out your father's desire. He was a murderer from the beginning, not holding to the truth, for there is no truth in him".

-- John 8:44

 

Hitler saw the Jews as "the personification of a great lie" while they pretended to be a religious community he openly exposed the fact, that they were a fully constituted, a national ethnic and self-selected group, with international ambitions.

"The Interior Ministry was subjecting some immigrants from the former USSR to DNA testing in order to check their Jewish ancestry. The well respected Israeli daily 'Ha'aretz' said dozens of new immigrants had already been asked to take the test, and that those who had declined risked deportation".

-- "Jewish Chronicle", London, 10 July 1998

"Jews should be able to register as members of an ethnic as well as religious group in the next census, according to the Institute for Jewish Policy Research (JPR)".

-- "Jewish Chronicle" (London), 5 March  1999

In 1999, the Serbs, Russians and Chinese peoples accuse America and NATO for behaving worse than Hitler and denounce good Jewish ex-politicians like Albright, Cohen, Rubin and Berger of being modern day imitation Hitlers. And Nato leaders, Clinton and Blair, were forced to use the name of Adolf Hitler to denigrate the Serbs by accusing them of being Nazis.

Every modern political upheaval, involving the people taking to the streets, posters and banners with Hitler's name are used against whatever is the opponent of the day. In November of 2003 George Soros, a Jewish multi-billionaire, compared US-President George W. Bush to Hitler when he denounced USrael's war on Iraq.

Hitler has become the most famous marketing tool in the history of man, and there is little likelihood of his memory fading into oblivion, because "too many people still need him". Whilst his memory is continuing to flourish, his war-time opponents, Winston Churchill, Josef Stalin and F.D. Roosevelt are obviously unusable as marketing tools.


Hitler Surprisingly Popular With Foreign Advertisers; Dictator Touts Hats, Chopsticks, Pens and Thumb Drives

Want to know which superstar product-endorser foreign ad agencies love the most? It's Adolf Hitler. Yes, that Hitler. The one who started the Holocaust. In foreign countries, the Führer can be found in posters promoting everything from Hewlett-Packard's thumb drives to Hut Weber hats.

That Hitler smelling a rose? He's advertising Raysana, a brand of 'anti-stress' tea in Turkey.

It is a sharp contrast to the U.S. and much of Western Europe, where using Hitler in an ad, even as a joke, is 'verboten'. No matter how much the ad might heap ridicule upon the Nazi architect of World War II, the risk of causing offensive to survivors is too great. In January, for instance, German coffee company Tchibo used the phrase 'To Each His Own' to advertise its coffee without realizing that the slogan once adorned the gates of Buchenwald. The company retracted the ads following a PR storm. And in April, Grey Group retracted an ad for Doc Morris Pharmacies condoms that jokingly suggested that if Hitler's mom had worn a rubber, history might be different.

But those instances are the exception that proves the rule. From Brazil to India, Hitler sells more stuff than Michael Jordan.



Churchill, the famed cigar smoker, wasn't even used to promote 'Havanas'. Josef Stalin, the greatest mass murderer in the history of man, along with his Jewish commissars) does not even warrant a single second of advertising, i.e. gas pistols and toy weapons as well as funeral parlours. Finally, Roosevelt, the exemplar of economic globalisation is not worthy of even a mention in modern economic forums. If these three individuals had not chosen Adolf Hitler as their number one enemy, their destinies would have been total oblivion. Their fame still depends on Adolf Hitler. Without him, they are non-entities.

Especially amongst the Jewish people, to keep up the anti-Semitic pressure on their "own race" (dubbing of Swastikas on Jewish Cemeteries) to prevent the vast majority of the Jewish people from race mixing and abandoning their historic mission.

 

In discourses and speeches, every political party or politically orientated group will at some time in their existence, bring forth the name of Hitler. It is always safe for them to use his name. He never goes away.

His philosophy is like a siren song, calling out to his admirers and to the millions of confused people who sense that his views of "natural laws" are correct, and are the only laws that can be understood and trusted in our multi-cultural, inharmonious and devious New World Order. The allure of Hitlerism is contagious for young and old alike.

Trivia

Hitler's given name, "Adolf", comes from the Old High German for "noble wolf" (adal, "nobility" + wolf, "wolf"). Hence, not surprisingly, one of Hitler's self-given nicknames was Wolf or Herr Wolf - he began using this nickname in the early 1920s and was addressed by it only by intimates (as "Uncle Wolf" by the Wagners) up until the fall of the Third Reich. The names of his various headquarters scattered throughout continental Europe (Wolfsschanze in East Prussia, Wolfsschlucht in France, Werwolf in Ukraine, etc.) seem to reflect this.

A nickname for Hitler used by German soldiers was Gröfaz, a derogatory and/or sarcastic abbreviation for Größter Feldherr aller Zeiten ("Greatest War Lord of all Time"), a title initially publicized by Nazi propaganda after the surprisingly quick fall of France.

During the early 20th century, Adolf was a popular name for German Jews. After World War II many survivors who had been born with this name changed it and the popularity of the name decreased dramatically.

Hitler had spent years evading taxes on royalties from sales of "Mein Kampf". He owed the German government 405,000 Reichmarks (equivalent to $8 million at 2004 exchange rates); by the time he took power the tax debt was cancelled.

Most of Hitler's biographers have characterized him as a vegetarian who abstained from eating meat beginning in the early 1930s until his death (although his actual dietary habits are sometimes hotly disputed). A fear of cancer (which his mother died from) is the most widely cited reason, or the death of his niece and love Geli Raubal, though many authors also assert Hitler had a profound and deep love of animals. He did consume dairy products and eggs however. Martin Bormann constructed a large greenhouse close to the Berghof (near Berchtesgaden) in order to ensure a steady supply of fresh fruits and vegetables for Hitler throughout the war. Personal photographs of Bormann's children tending the greenhouse survive and by 2005 its foundations were among the only ruins visible in the area which were directly associated with Nazi leaders. 

Contrary to popular accounts, there seems to be some evidence Hitler did not abstain entirely from alcohol. After the war, an interrogation in the USSR of his valet Heinz Linge could indicate that Hitler drank champagne now and then with Eva Braun.

Hitler was a fervent non-smoker and promoted aggressive anti-smoking campaigns throughout Germany. He reportedly promised a gold watch to any of his close associates who quit (and actually gave a few away). Several witness accounts relate that, immediately after his suicide was confirmed, many officers, aides, and secretaries in the Führerbunker lit cigarettes.

Hitler did not like women to wear cosmetics, since they contained animal by-products, and frequently teased his mistress Eva Braun about her habit of wearing makeup.

He almost never wore a uniform to social engagements, which he attended frequently whenever in Berlin during the 1930s. When he did wear uniforms, they were tailored and understated compared to those of other prominent Nazis who often wore elaborate uniforms with extensive decorations and medals.

 

According to the 2001 documentary "The Tramp and the Dictator," the Charlie Chaplin parody/satire "The Great Dictator" was not only sent to Hitler, but an eyewitness confirmed he did see it, twice.  Chaplin has been quoted as saying, "I'd have given anything to know what he thought of it."

Hitler was the 1938 TIME Man of the Year.

Hitler's favourite film was "King Kong" (1933) and his favourite opera was Richard Wagner's "Rienzi", of which he claimed to have seen over 40 performances.



 

Adolf Hitler: Artist and Poet

Denk‘ es

Wenn deine Mutter alt geworden
Und älter du geworden bist
Wenn ihr, was früher leicht und mühelos
Nunmehr zur Last geworden ist
Wenn ihre lieben, treuen Augen
Nicht mehr, wie einst, ins Leben seh‘n
Wenn ihre müd‘ gewordenen Füsse
Sie nicht mehr tragen woll‘n beim Geh‘n
Dann reiche ihr den Arm zur Stütze
Geleite sie mit froher Lust
Die Stunde kommt, da du sie weinend
Zum letzten Gang begleiten mußt

Und fragt sie dich, so gib‘ ihr Antwort
Und fragt sie wieder, sprich auch du
Und fragt sie nochmals, steh‘ ihr Rede
Nicht ungestüm, in sanfter Ruhe
Und kann sie dich nicht recht verstehen
Erklär‘ ihr alles froh bewegt
Die Stunde kommt, die bitt're Stunde
Da dich ihr Mund nach nichts mehr frägt!

-- Adolf Hitler, 1923

The Mother

When your mother has grown old
And you have grown older too
When, what was once easy and effortless for her
Is now a heavy burden
When her dear, faithful eyes
No longer see life as they once did,
When her feet, grown tired,
No longer want to carry her as she walks
Then lend her your arm in support
Escort her with happy pleasure.
The hour will come when, weeping, you
Must accompany her on her final walk.

And if she asks you something, give her answer
And if she asks again, then speak!
And if she asks yet again, respond to her
Not impatiently, but with gentle calm
And if she cannot understand you properly
Explain all to her happily.
The hour will come, the bitter hour,
When her mouth asks for nothing more.

-- Adolf Hitler, 1923


Hitler's Secret Disney Passion
At the same times as Hitler was preparing for his Third Reich he sat at home drawing characters from Disney's famous cartoon movie, "Snowhite & The Seven Dwarfs".

Just any auction somewhere in Bavaria: a picture quite simply signed "A. Hitler 40” goes under the hammer. It is not drawing much attention. In fact, nobody seems very interested.

All the owner of the aquarelle knows about the painting – which depicts a typical Bavarian style house nestled in a romantic, rural setting with very high mountain tops all around – is that it has been in her grandparents’ possession for as long as she can remember.

The woman says she found it stashed away in the attic when she cleaned house after her grandparents. She has no idea how it got there. A private collector from Norway gets the aquarelle for next to nothing. He has no idea that the purchase conceals four hidden secrets.

Sensational discovery


William Hakvaag is a director of a small, private war memorial museum in the idyllic Lofoten Islands in northern Norway. When Hakvaag removes the old frame, four drawings that have been tucked away between the aquarelle and the cardboard fall out.

 

 

An astonished museum director picks them up and sees that they are drawings of three of the dwarfs from Disney's "Snowhite & the Seven Dwarfs" and one of another beloved Disney character, 'Pinocchio'.

All except "Pinocchio" are signed "A.H" But all four are drawn in the exact same style and very well made.

"The aquarelle of the Bavarian house is so typical of the way the artist Hitler used his painting tools that it just has to be by him. I have checked the artwork with a so-called Black Light and all four drawings are old and seem to be from the war years.

"If you are going to make a forgery of Hitler hoping to fool a future generation you wouldn't do it in such a manner. You don't just draw copies of Disney characters and hide them in a frame behind an aquarelle where they may never be found. And you will not sign it done 1940".

Hakvaag got so excited by his discovery that he does more research into Adolf Hitler the man and finds he was very interested in "Snowhite & the Seven Dwarfs", especially so because the movie is based on an old German fairytale.

"I discovered that Hitler thought this was one of the best movies ever made. As a matter of fact, he was so in love with it that he had his own copy of it for his private movie theatre in Obersalzberg. It is said that the Führer was furious that German movie makers could not make a movie that good".

Done with affection

For that reason Hakvaag believes Hitler sat down with pencil and paper to see if he at least could match Disney's drawings as well as the creators.

"When you look at these drawings you realize they have been done with great affection. In two corners of the papers you can see little holes from the pins that kept them in place while the artist was working. But one big question remains: why would Hitler, after putting so much love and effort into his drawings, hide them?"

Hakvaag has a theory:  

"These drawings seem to have been done right before the war, I believe in 1938-39. The main water painting is signed A. Hitler 40 and is may be his latest painting. But only a few years later Germany was at war with practically everybody, including the US. And drawings of American cartoons done by "der Führer" would not be politically correct in Nazi circles".

The museum director thinks Hitler hid them because he liked them, he thought he had done a great job and could not bear to throw them out.  

“I think he just thought it better to hide them for posterity”, concludes museum director, William Hakvaag. “And on the back of the old frame you can also find in his handwriting, ‘Kaudelhof Ob.Bayern’. (not quite sure about the first name)”

War Of The Artists

The Second World War was in many ways the war of the artists. Both Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt, Hitler's main adversaries, enjoyed painting as well. But Hitler's rejection at the School of Arts in Vienna is, of course, the most famous incident.

His primary affection was painting aquarelles. From 1908 to 1914 he made money both for himself and two room mates painting postcards and aquarelles from Vienna and Munich that his room mates helped sell for him.

Hitler believes he must have painted more than a thousand pictures. His best sellers were aquarelles of churches. During weddings he would stand outside waiting for the wedding guests peddling his artwork. But it didn't generate much income.

The future Führer also painted when he served as a soldier in WWI. 21 paintings believed to be by Hitler have been discovered in Belgium. That collection was sold for approximately 250 000 dollars at an auction in England in 2006.

After the end of WWI he continued to paint, but not as frequently as before. He even continued to paint after he became head of state in 1933 – among them the exclusive Disney characters now being displayed at Lofoten Krigsminnemuseum in northern Norway.



"Anyone who hates dogs and kids can't be all bad"

- W.C. Fields -

 

"After 1945 Hitler was accused of every cruelty, but it was not in his nature to be cruel. He loved children.
It was an entirely natural thing for him to stop his car and share his food with young cyclists along the road. Once he gave his raincoat to a derelict plodding in the rain. At midnight he would interrupt his work and prepare the food for his dog Blondi.....He could not bear to eat meat, because it meant the death of a living creature.
He refused to have so much as a rabbit or a trout sacrificed to provide his food. He would allow only eggs on his table, because egg-laying meant that the hen had been spared rather than killed". 

- General Leon Degrelle -

Hitler – How great was the dictator
Ritesh K Srivastava
24 September 2009

"The evil that men do lives after them, the good is oft interred with their bones" said Mark Antony, speaking of one of the greatest dictators of history, Julius Ceasar. Whether the quote is applicable to Hitler, another ‘Great Dictator’ is contentious, like many other aspects of the Nazi leader’s life. What is beyond contention though, is the fact that for good or evil Adolf Hitler irrevocably changed the course of history.

His immense hatred for Jews and the ethnic cleansing, his invasion of Poland, his belief in racial supremacy, extreme nationalism and state-organized murders during his tenure have given enough fodder to the researchers, journalists and historians the world over for more than half a century.

Although the former German Chancellor, who was undisputedly one of the most influential persons of the twentieth century, is long dead, he still continues to arouse passions in millions of people – mostly of the deeply antagonistic kind –for what he did and for what he actually intended to do.

Most of the world considers Hitler as the great archenemy of the 20th century, but his small group of admirers believe that he could have accomplished great and good things if he had gone the right way.

The German dictator, who was born on April 20, 1889 in a small Austrian town called Braunau, adjoining the German border, gave birth to the idea that is today known as ‘Hitlerism.’ This idea was not that much different from many radical racial ideas of the time, but simply acted on them in a very deliberate way.


Hitler’s impact can be gauged from what the US Ambassador to the United Nations wrote a few years back, “The essence of Hitlerism is still alive, still causing millions of deaths." Holbrooke wrote these lines when he reluctantly nominated Hitler as the century's dominant personality.

And if this is not enough, here is another instance which showcases how Hitlerism still ignites people, how it still exists in ethnic enclaves, on numerous websites, in the corridors of schools like the Columbine High School – where two boys mercilessly shot children to celebrate Hitler's birthday – and many other places.

The Holocaust, which took place during Hitler’s rule in Germany, is believed to be a direct outcome of the political actions and ideas of Germany’s fascist military bureaucracy.

The German dictator -- who believed in the adage, "one works best when alone" -- evolved his own theories, as he was absolutely unimpressed with the theories regarding democracy, Parliamentary-style government, concept of trade unions, racism and sexuality that existed during that time.

Hitler and democracy

Democracy, in its essence is a political order in which there exists elected officials, where free and fair elections are conducted, where there is a right to run for public office, where the right to freedom of expression, the right to alternative information and associational autonomy is not curtailed. Peoples’ rule remains the most vital characteristic in any reference to democracy, which fundamentally sets democracy apart from other political orders.

But Hitler was virulently antipathetic to democracy. He often criticised the Western concept of democracy because of its slow pace.

He believed that democracy would in practice lead to the destruction of a people's true values. Hitler was of the opinion that individuals operating in a democracy are not able to work with their fullest potential due to compromises both in principle and practice that normally occur. This is evident from the fact that when Hitler was elected democratically in 1933 he suppressed all opposition.

His perception of democracy is also reflected in "Mein Kampf", where he writes: "The Nazi Party must not serve the masses, but rather dominate them. The Führer is the supreme judge of the nation".

Hitler and trade unions

Hitler never supported trade unions and had an overall disregard for the masses and the working classes. This is evident from the fact that when he rose to power, he broke all promises he had made to the workers. Hitler cleverly replaced trade unions with an organization called the 'Labor Front'. This organization was actually a tool to serve his Nazi Party’s interest and did not operate in workers' favor. The law, which created the Labor Front, said: "Its task is to see that every individual should be able to perform the maximum of work".

Hitler and racism

Hitler strongly believed in racial supremacy and often attributed the world's progress in science, technology, and art almost exclusively to Aryans. He was of the opinion that for the world to progress it was highly imperative that the purity of race (Aryans) be maintained. In his autobiography, Hitler mentioned, "Those who do not wish that the earth should fall into such a condition …must realize that it is the task of the German State in particular to see to it that the process of bastardization is brought to a stop." By the term 'bastardization', Hitler meant that the interbreeding of the races, particularly between people of Aryan and Jewish descent, should be stopped.

Hitler had a very cynical view of the Jews, who prominently featured in all his speeches and writings. He held the Jews responsible for most of the problems and evils in the German society as well as the world. According to him, the Jews were to be blamed for inflation, political instability and unemployment. During the Third Reich, Jews were strongly urged to emigrate and were excluded from prominent professions, civil service and the arts, and their property was systematically taken by the State. His elevation of man was limited to Aryans and based on the assumption that the Aryan race was inherently superior to all others.

However, there is another side of this story. Hitler’s sheer hatred for Jews can be attributed to several reasons. According to Nazi Hans Frank, the shadowy background of Alois, Hitler’s father, was a potential source of embarrassment for the German leader.

Hans disclosed that Hitler's father was the illegitimate child of a cook named (Maria Anna) Schickelgruber. This cook, the grandmother of Adolf Hitler, was working for a Jewish family named Frankenburger, when she became pregnant. Frankenburger paid Schickelgruber, a paternity allowance from the time of the child's birth up to his fourteenth year. Alois was not very supportive as a father to young Hitler. On the other hand, Hitler’s mother Clara was very caring and loving. She doted on her son and took his side whenever any confrontation between the father and the son surfaced. Hitler also fondly carried a photo of his mother with him where ever he went.

As a “prophet of Aryan greatness" Hitler compared himself to a doctor whose job was to eliminate “parasites or germs” called the Jews.

Hitler’s extreme nationalism and rise to power

After the end of the World War I Germany was a nation in political and social chaos. In Berlin and Munich, left-wing Marxist groups proclaimed Russian-like revolutions, only to meet violent opposition from right-wing nationalist Freikorps (small armies of ex-soldiers for hire) along with regular Army troops.

Communists, Socialists and even innocent bystanders were brutally tortured and murdered during 1919, in Berlin and in Munich.

Amid this political turmoil, on 28 June 1919, the Treaty of Versailles was signed by the victorious Allies of the World War I. The German democratic government then ratified the treaty. Under the terms of the treaty, Germany alone was compelled to accept responsibility for causing the war and had to pay huge war reparations for all the damage. The Germans had to reverse the lands annexed from France and Poland during the battles. The German Army was restricted to 100,000 men and was forbidden to have submarines or military aircraft.

The treaty was very humiliating to the Germans. This led to a passionate desire in many Germans, including Adolf Hitler, to see their nation throw off the "shackles" of the treaty – and see the "rebirth" of Germany through a strong nationalist government.

The 'Stab in the Back' theory also became popular among many Germans who found it impossible to swallow their country’s defeat in the World War I and felt betrayed.

The Great Depression of the early 1930s resulted in the economic and political collapse of the Weimar Republic, Germany's post-World War I experiment in democracy.

Adolf Hitler demonstrated his political skill in taking advantage of the opportunity provided by these factors. He developed his Nazi Party into a mass movement and used a combination of his popular support and behind-the-scenes intrigue to propel himself into power. Once he rose to power, Hitler moved with ruthless determination to crush his opponents and establish his totalitarian dictatorship.

The other side of Adolf Hitler

Although, Hitler is regarded by many as one of the cruelest persons to have been born, he was not without a softer side. William Hakvaag, the director of a war museum in Norway, recently stumbled upon some cartoons hidden behind a painting in the museum. Although the authenticity of the paintings is yet to be ascertained, however, early reports suggest that the creator of the cartoons could well be the German dictator himself. Scientific evaluation of the paintings have also determined the time period of the paintings to the 1940s, a period when the World War II was in swing.

Hitler’s lust for painting or for that matter performing art could be understood from the fact that in his autobiography "Mein Kampf", he himself mentioned that his first ambition was to be a painter.

Hitler also supposedly possessed a personal copy of "Snow White", the animated adaptation of the classic. It was one of Hitler’s favourite films and special screening of "Snow Whit"e used to be held at his private theatre.

He was also courageous. Great things, even of evil, are not accomplished without courage. He was also indecisive, as many changes in his plans during the course of the World War II demonstrate. He suffered from a chronic lack of patience and his idea of compassion was very Darwinian, to say the least. His view of the world was a simplified combination of all the extreme good and bad ideas of the time.

The passage of time has made a legend out of Hitler, surrounding his persona in mysteries, stories and controversies. Did he actually die when he supposedly died? Did he kill himself or was he murdered? Did he use cocaine, to still the constant twitching of his eyes? Many of these questions small and big have been left unresolved. Suffice it to say that Hitler would continue to loom large in public memory for quite some time to come.


Hitler's Gun of Destiny

The Beginning

This is the historical background and saga of one of the most fascinating and interesting weapons that has surfaced in the last one hundred years, or more. The recounting of this tale, at times, is a strange mixture of a Harlequin romance novel and a docudrama that is infinitely real, yet so dramatic and profound as to stagger the imagination. This is a tale of intrigue, insatiable quest for power, unrequited love, and finally, a suicide out of desperation and frustration that did much to change the course of world history.

What the outcome might have been had things developed differently?

It all revolves around a petite .22-caliber revolver, No. 709, manufactured by the Smith & Wesson firm. This insignificant-looking small-caliber gun, however, steps into the annals of history’s most famous and infamous weapons. onal and actual implements of destruction throughout the ages:

Many weapons have gained notoriety, such as Bat Masterson’s .44, Billy the Kid’s Colt Bissbe, and the .38-caliber pistol that the “Dirty Little Coward” (Bob Ford), used to kill “Mr. Howard,” (Jesse James).

All these guns have great historical value as demonstrated in a recent television special narrated by Mr. Greg Martin of the Butterfield and Butterfield Auction in California. The values of some of these, evidenced by their auction and sales records, document this fact. One must realize, however, that the provenance that accompanied most of them is meager, at best.

The desire of collectors to own such an important piece of history is often insatiable and rather irrational—desirability oftentimes precludes reasonable discernment and perceptivity.

The aforementioned television series, "The Gun", was masterfully presented and one of the most interesting chapters was the one devoted to 'Guns of the Famous', narrated by Mr. Martin and others. We should applaud the efforts that were made to bring out the human-interest aspect and almost hypnotic fixation that grips the collector, historian, or dramatist when viewing, holding, or actually acquiring a weapon—dagger or gun—that helped to make history.

The cotton gin changed history decisively enough, but the stone that David’s slingshot unleashed against the temple of the giant, Goliath, excites the imagination more directly, and brings forth that adrenaline flow and sense of high adventure that even modern man cannot entirely remove from his psyche.

This is the story of the personal revolver of Adolf Hitler and its connections with at least two earth-shattering events that had far-reaching affects upon the history of the 20th Century and, most undoubtedly, will influence the geopolitical future of the centuries yet to come.

When one who enjoys an active and healthy imagination visits a museum display of various weapons, one cannot help but to muster up visions of the wars, conquests, and hand-to-hand combats of the past as they flash before the mind’s eye: the Crusades, the War of the Roses, the various revolutions, the Indian wars on our continent, et al.

On that note, let’s stop and examine the influence the American-Indian wars, in particular, had on the subject of this narrative. Someone once said that history is a continuum. The world conqueror who was most interested in this particular epoch was, strangely enough, the German leader, Adolf Hitler.



Old Shatterhand and his Bloodbrother Winnetou, Chief of the Apaches

Ever since he was a small boy in Linz, Austria, he had read every story he could obtain in book or magazine form featuring the author, Karl May. May was a German writer whose tales of his character, “Old Shatterhand,” was a fantastic adventure to the young Adolf in his formative years. He loved the regalia, buckskins, and the weapons of the American warriors—cowboy and Indian—and they influenced his perception of bravery, daring, and soldierly conduct. These impressions undoubtedly stuck with him throughout his life.

   The legendary Karl May books saturated (and still saturate) just about every Central European boyhood

May is a paragon of what the Germans call Trivialliteratur, or genre fiction. The fantasies of a yarn-spinner who was less than profound but more than facile have been mesmerizing German-speaking readers for well over a century now. It was in the mid-1880's, that the first of a series of books appeared to whose robust appeal not even the most rarefied intellects were immune. ''My whole adolescence stood under his sign,'' said Albert Einstein. ''Much in his work was imperishable,'' said Albert Schweitzer. ''He represents,'' said Hermann Hesse, ''the most brilliant example of an elemental form of literature, namely the literature of wish-fulfillment.'' By fulfilling a wish no one else had gratified so thrillingly before him, Karl May refashioned the self-image of a nation.

Wherever German is read his 74 novels have remained continuously in print, so unflagging is the demand for an author who died over 100 years ago.

The pistol in this story is a Smith & Wesson revolver serial number 709. We know that revolvers were the weapon of choice of the cowboys, the cavalry, and some of the Plains Indian warriors, when the latter could capture or trade for one.

It just seems to follow that once the young Hitler had obtained his revolver, this would become his fervent “friend,” considering his past interests.

Part and parcel to the huge amount of paperwork (provenance) that accompanies this gun is a letter from Smith & Wesson’s official historian, Mr. R. G. Jinks. It is dated 2 September1982 and is basically an explanation and history of the S&W Ladysmith revolvers that were first introduced in 1902. They were manufactured until 1921 with a production total of 26,154 units. The letter is addressed to Colonel Larry Michael, who was the owner of the weapon. Mr. Jinks tells Col. Michael that “No. 709” is a first model and that this particular piece was shipped from Smith & Wesson on 23 March 1903 to the company of Andre Schaub & Piaso of Paris, France.

Did Hitler acquire No. 709 in battle during WW One?   

We know that in 1914 the First World War broke out, only 11 years after, No. 709 was shipped to Europe. It so happened that in 1914, a virtually unknown young Austrian national, who was now a corporal in the German Bavarian Army, was no different than all other Landsers (GI’s), who actively sought worthwhile or interesting souvenirs (booty) to shove into their field packs. History also relates that this particular Landser, Adolf Hitler, personally was responsible for the single-handed taking of several French prisoners in a ticklish combat situation that involved bravado and subterfuge. It was a very bold action and earned him the Iron Cross, First Class.

At this point, is it a wild surmise that a certain small-caliber pistol may have been among the “spoils of war” taken at this point in time from one of those prisoners? Remember, it was sent to France only a few years before. This is circumstantial at best, but historical research must, at times, be extrapolated from the facts that are at hand.

From various proofs we know Hitler possessed this revolver. We know that No. 709 went to Europe in the correct time frame and we have the future Führer, who had a fervent love of American guns, especially revolvers, on the scene at that particular time, and we must keep in mind Karl May, Adolf Hitler’s literary hero. We do not have testimony to document this particular declarative, but the scenario seems at least credibly plausible.

Later in life, beyond the post-World War One years, Adolf Hitler acted as a spy for the Bavarian government, watching and reporting on radicals of the left and the right. This is how Hitler became the seventh member of the German Workers’ Party that was later to become the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (N.S.D.A.P.; Nazi). This has been documented in many books chronicling these turbulent times.

No. 16, Prinzregentenstrasse in the 1930’s

In those early formative years, when the Nazi movement faltered more often than not, Hitler lived at many Munich addresses, and then, after having finally settled into an apartment at No. 16, Prinzregentenstrasse, an incident eventually took place there that was a very tragic happening that would color his whole life and his perceptions in general. Not surprisingly, little No. 709 played the central role. 

The Death of Geli

The event is the death by suicide of 23-year-old  Angela (Geli) Raubal, Hitler’s niece. Her mother, Angela Raubal, was Hitler’s older half-sister. Geli’s tragic demise set off a scandal of major proportions and nearly ended the future Führer’s rise to power.

Hermann Göring commented at the Nuremberg Trials that this suicide had such a devastating effect on Hitler that it changed his relationship with all other people but equally intriguing is the fact that the scandal surrounding her death in his apartment could have destroyed his political career before he ever came to power. 

Hitler’s relationship with Geli Raubal began after the failed 1923 Beer-Hall Putsch after which Hitler was jailed for 9 months. During his incarceration he wrote "Mein Kampf", the famous book, outsold only by the Bible, in which he relates his background, struggle, and plans for the future, and took up the “struggle,” once more, along with loyal followers.

After he served his sentence he summoned Angela and 17-year-old Geli to become his live-in housekeepers at his mountain retreat in the Obersalzburg near Berchtesgaden.

Soon after, he actively began to “date” Geli and she was seen with him everywhere he went except for party-connected business outings. Later, after Hitler purchased the aforementioned nine-room luxury apartment in Munich, the Raubals came to attend these living quarters, as well. Soon, however, Angela returned to the Berchtesgaden retreat and Geli now had literally moved in with her uncle; although they maintained separate bedrooms. 

Hitler lavished attention on Geli. Nothing she asked for or desired that they both do went lacking. Hitler, in those days, was called the “King of Munich.” Certainly, the in-crowd Münchners had to consider Geli as the “Queen.”

No one knows for sure what went on between the future Führer and this lovely, young lady, but regardless of the wide speculation and flights of fancy engaged in by decades of yellow-rag journalists, the more obvious historical facts seem to support a more stable and kinship-based relationship between the two, at first. Later, it seems there was fairly obvious desire and, from Geli’s perspective, unrequited love between them.

It seemed to be a relationship that was normal—in Geli’s mind, no doubt it was true love in the classic form—yet strained by the around-the-clock schedule of one of the world’s busiest men. With Adolf, though, it was a day’s love trance that had to be equally shared with his party agendas and commitments. When speaking of his thoughts on the possibility of marriage, Hitler said, “…I must deny myself this happiness. I have another bride. I am married to the German ‘Volk,’  to its destiny!” 

Many of the authors who where examining this subject seem always to take the words of Hitler’s enemies and detractors, Otto Strasser, Gregor Strasser, and Ernst “Putzi” Hanfstängl, as having the ring of authority regarding Hitler and Geli’s relationship. They wax poetic about sexual perversions and weird practices, while serious historians doubt there was any sexual relationship at all. A love affair, yes, but authoritative history records Hitler as being very overly straight-laced and never demonstrative when it came to relationships with his close entourage, or women in general. The fact that she was dear to him is also fully documented - Once, he confided to Heinrich Hoffmann: "I love Geli and could marry her." In truth, though, he seemed more dedicated to his bachelor life. At this point, politics were the true love of Adolf Hitler, and, as we now know, it remained that way to the end. 

The Fateful Event

Politics were the true love of Adolf Hitler, but he was very cautious of his political career and didn’t wish it to be put in the way of finger pointing because of his making Geli his mistress in his already-famous apartment and, particularly, because she was the daughter of his half sister. Hitler often stated that Geli was beautiful, fresh, unspoiled, happy with a bubbling personality, and, most important to him, intelligent.

He guarded her zealously, but in 1931 Geli announced to him that she was going to continue her musical voice studies in Vienna. This upset him to the point of rage, and this rift between them may have been first concocted in Geli’s brain to force her Uncle Adolf to finally confess his true love and move towards a marriage proposal, which she obviously earnestly desired. She had done all she could to make him jealous, even to the point of manipulating a supposed love tryst with Emil Maurice, the Führer’s chauffeur, and letting Hitler discover a “secret engagement” with him. 

Emil was also the Führer’s bodyguard and close friend, who had shared prison quarters with him at Landsburg after the failed 1923 Beer Hall Putsch. When Hitler found out about this possibly contrived scenario, he flew into a rage and dismissed Emil. But even after that, Geli became involved with another young man, an artist from Vienna. After a terrible argument about her intentions to go to Vienna, Hitler stormed out of the apartment with the intention to attend an important Nazi meeting up in the north of Germany at Hamburg. Geli rushed into her room and slammed the door after leaving instructions with the household staff that she was not to be disturbed.

Reports indicate that before the argument that ensued that day, and before Hitler’s angry exit, Geli’s pet canary, Hansi, had died and she was observed carrying it around the halls in a little box petting it, kissing the box, and softly talking to its lifeless body. Geli intended, at least for the moment, to bury it near Hitler’s Obersalzberg home, but later in her sadness this idea was abandoned. Geli then had a meal of spaghetti with her uncle, who had, for now, returned, momentarily, and the argument began again, in earnest. Hitler “slammed out” of the room and left.

After she retired to her room, the housekeeper heard soft sobbing for hours, and a dull thump from Geli’s room was heard during the early hours of the night. Frau Reinhart, the assistant housekeeper, heard this, but she said that she thought nothing of it. The next morning several attempts were made to awaken Geli by knocking on the door and calling out her name, but to no avail. Finally, the housekeeping staff called in a locksmith. Frau Winter, the housekeeper,  and her husband were the first to pass through the open door. There, next to couch, reposed the lifeless body of Geli. According to Frau and Herr Winter, alongside her body lay the Ladysmith revolver. 

In the book, "Memoirs of a Confidant", Otto Wagener, a well-known Nazi official, was quoted as saying that "…Hitler always kept a loaded pistol on his night table or desk. He had to be constantly on guard against the possibility that some desperado of the left might, as happened to Horst Wessel, one day burst into his home to assassinate him".

Geli, she, who had loved so desperately, had obviously made a final decision in a hopeless, unrequited situation that had no chance of fruition.

There are some variances in the accounts, but most historians agree that Frau Winter, at this point, notified Rudolf Hess by telephone immediately, and followed that up with a phone call to the Munich police. Hess notified Hitler, who was finishing up party business in Nuremberg just before going on to Hamburg. Hitler was totally devastated. He could not even verbally sign off with Hess; his voice was lost completely. 

Heinrich Müller, who was later elevated to Chief of the Gestapo after the Nazis came to power, was at that time, a detective on the Munich Police Department. He, along with other police officers, arrived to investigate the incident. When Müller observed the body, the revolver, and a note, Frau Winter watched him pick up both the revolver and the note and shove them deep into the pockets of his leather trench coat. Before he arrived Müller knew from Frau Winter’s call that this was the home of Adolf Hitler. Being rather an opportunist and aware of the political hay that the leftists could and would make of this, he decided to keep Hitler’s name out of it all and possibly gain favor with this man whom Müller could see as an upcoming important political leader with excellent potential.

Müller contacted Martin Bormann, an old friend, and who served as Hitler’s paymaster. They met, and he turned the revolver over to Bormann along with the note. Bormann arranged to have Geli’s body sent back to the Spital section of Austria, which is the birthplace of Hitler’s mother and the ancestral home of the Raubal family. The Munich police now closed its file with the verdict of suicide.

The note never surfaced. Is it possible that it was burned along with sundry other important documents in the furnace at Number 16, Prinzregentenstrasse to provide heat for those American intelligence officers in 1945? We will probably never know about the note, but we do know that the little, but deadly, revolver survived!

Hitler was a broken man after the incident. Her death to him was the “the ultimate tragedy.” Close friends such as Gregor Strasser, who later became his enemy, and Rudolf Hess, had to stay with Hitler night and day for several days ostensibly to keep him from taking his own life. For many years hence tears would come to his eyes when her name was mentioned. Her room was preserved as a shrine. Frau Winter sealed it off at Hitler’s orders and it was opened and entered by only the closest friends of Hitler and Geli, but no longer by Hitler, himself. He was never known to have entered that room after the suicide.

The room was opened for remembrance ceremonies on the anniversaries of her birth and death. It was brightened with flowers, and all of her clothes and cosmetics were just as she had left them. The viewing, however, was always from the roped-off door.

No. 709 was put in the Führer’s desk

After Geli’s suicide, Hitler put No. 709 in the desk drawer where he kept all the other sad or distasteful memories of the formative years of the Nazi epoch. This drawer was probably never opened by anyone but the Führer, himself, until a GI from New York’s southern tier entered No. 16, Prinzregentenstrasse and became the temporary custodian of No. 709, the “Gun of Destiny.”

There is much evidence and historic provenance to prove that No. 709 is indeed the Hitler pistol that PFC Andrew Sivi removed in its case from the desk drawer at Hitler's apartment amid the obvious melancholy and grief of Frau Winter, he had no idea at all of the earth-shattering events that this innate object had already participated in. Frau Winter was very relieved to give away this pistol with its sorrowful tale still etched in her mind. 

Why did the Führer preserve the instrument that took the life of the maiden he often professed was his only love? Why did he not toss it into the nearby Isar River?

Hitler always envisioned a great museum dedicated to the beginnings of the N.S.D.A.P. to be opened in Berlin some day. He always foresaw complete victory and the grandeur that would even foreshadow Napoleon or the successful conquests and victories of the Ceasars of Rome. It is probably an educated guess or assumption that he would have had the memory of Geli enshrined in a very special section of this grandiose enterprise, and that anything, everything, left of her memory would then be almost religiously displayed in a place of honor and remembrance for him. Perhaps the revolver was merely sitting in the drawer while waiting to be included, although sadly, in this magnificent design. 

Geli’s Death in Perspective

Over the years there has been much speculation as to whether Geli’s death was suicide, accident, or murder. Authors run rampant with various notions and stories. Of course, the sensationalists always choose the homicide story, and they embellish it in every way possible. In the popular American magazine, "Vanity Fair", Ron Rosenbaum, a sensationalist author, even quotes Hitler’s one-time friend and later his most-hated enemy, Otto Strasser, as saying that the “murder” was perpetrated because Geli was getting ready to expose “perverse sexual acts that she was forced to participate in.”

Serious historians, however, have completely discounted all of this as the ramblings of an angry man disappointed that he had been expelled from the Party and thus lost his ticket to leadership therein.

Many other speculating stories abound and a self-proclaimed Hitler “expert” and furniture restorer in Vienna claims he has found Geli’s grave and pressed the city fathers of Vienna to have her remains exhumed. This man sought to prove that Geli was carrying the child of Adolf Hitler, and that forensic tests would also show that she had been beaten before the fatal bullet had entered her chest.

The most accepted theory, however, remain the findings of the Munich police, as it was corroborated by Frau Winter, and seems to be verified by all who had close contact with Geli and Hitler, that it was merely the tragedy of an unrequited love affair; no more, no less.

During the time just before Geli died, Hitler could have been described as almost overconfident. Historians generally agree that if he had continued on this political path, his fortunes may well have withered and crashed. The financial supporters among the mega-rich were beginning to perceive him as an “upstart” and a man too wild to deal with. They had a hard time seeing him and his followers as all that different from the Bolsheviks that they felt menaced by.

When Hitler received the news of his Geli’s fate, he went into an almost comatose state. He was completely crushed and devastated, and for a period of time he could accomplish nothing. It was as if he had been suddenly stricken with polio or some other disabling disease. He talked to neither his friends nor followers. There was no sign that he was taking his meals or caring for himself, at all. For a time, Hitler was a broken man. After the grief finally abated the man that emerged was a significantly more quiet and serious politician who now had a grasp on the meaning of life and its inherent fragility. This tragic event nearly vanquished Hitler, but for him, it was the crucible that fired him up to a “keener edge” and very probably set him on the path toward the ultimate victory for himself and the Party. 

Geli’s death will be seen in the historic perspective as the catalyst for Hitler’s tactical change, and the little S&W No. 709 as the only physical instrument that survives this catastrophic event and, today, provides silent, although dramatic, testimony of this prodigiously important turning point in the historical accounting of the saga of Adolf Hitler.

However, No. 709 had actually already entered into “historic notoriety.” In 1923, because of the events in Der Putsch, the revolver virtually disappeared only to reappear 9 years later. After the death of Geli, in 1931, it disappeared again and emerged some 14 years later in 1945, to be found in Hitler's apartment by Private First Class Sivi. And now, 56 years later, No. 709 is brought forward into the new millennium with its dark secrets fully revealed at last! 

The Putsch

Equally as germane as Geli’s suicide was to Adolf Hitler’s career was the exciting and momentous episode known to history as “The Failed Putsch at Munich” in November of 1923. This has been referred to as “Hitler’s rehearsal for power.” Historians note that Hitler transcended the stalemate that existed between the Nazis and the numerous other parties that vigorously competed. He also transformed himself from a mere beer-hall orator and agitator into a real leader, who would be well on his way to ultimate world power as Chancellor and Führer of Germany. 

This S&W was the only gun Hitler ever carried in the days that history recalls as 'Die Kampfzeit', or 'days of struggle'. It follows that this was the very weapon that he would fire at the ceiling of the Bürgerbräukeller, the famous beer hall where Hitler and his followers actually held the Bavarian Weimar Government captive on 8 and 9 ,November 1923. It was here that he declared the government deposed, and announced that the National Socialist Revolution would now “break out.”

Now the circumstance most significant at this point in this enormously critical juncture of history is the fact that this important political “hooligan” held the all-powerful government leaders at bay with this diminutive revolver. Here, once again, we have an event that utterly and devastatingly changed the course of history.

Had Hitler not fired the shot into the hall’s ceiling, and had he not fully intimidated the assembled politicians and officials, it is more than possible that they would have called his bluff and simply walked out, straightaway, and this melodrama would have ended. This brilliant showman and his followers would have more than likely had to settle down for the rest of the evening of oom-pa-pa music and had a good cry in their beer. However, the little No. 709 in the hands of the man called the “Political Mephisto” turned the tide.

In Ernst Hanfstängl’s book, "Unheard Witness", the author states that the National Socialists arrived at the Bürgerbräukeller during a particularly boring speech of General Gustav Von Kahr, who was the Bavarian State Commissioner. He was at a particular sleep-inducing part of his address, when all of a sudden the doors flew open and Hermann Wilhelm Göring and 25 SA Storm Troopers armed to the teeth burst into the hall; all hell broke loose. People headed for cover. Tables with beer and food spilled over, and Adolf Hitler resolutely and hurriedly paced toward the speaker’s platform followed by the Nazi leaders and SA men.

Hitler, as Hanfstängl relates, clamored onto a chair and fired a round at the ceiling. Hanfstängl said that it was often maintained that Hitler did this to terrify the gathering into submission, but he earnestly believed it actually was to wake them up. At this point, with revolver in hand, Hitler proclaimed, “…the National Revolution has broken out. The Reichswehr is with us. Our flag is flying on their barracks…,” and while brandishing the revolver, Hitler loudly proclaimed to the politicians and assemblage, "One last thing I can tell you, either the German revolution begins tonight, and the morrow will find a true nationalist government, or it will find us dead!" 

Hitler then turned his pistol on the leading politicians: Gustav von Kahr, General Otto von Lossow, and Colonel Hans von Seisser, while all the time gesticulating the weapon and proclaimed, “Fight this battle with me, or die with me. If things go wrong there are four bullets in this pistol: one each for my three collaborators should they desert me.” Then, as if under a spell with eyes now glossy and dilated, he then pointed the revolver to his head and softly uttered, “The last one is for me. If I am not triumphant tomorrow, I shall be a dead man.” 

History records that this was a point in time when Germany appeared to stand still between the convincing and desperate power play of this "upstart" of a revolutionary, and the little S&W revolver that he brandished so effectively; and it worked, for the moment. 

The officers completely capitulated at this point. Had they not, it is probable that Hitler’s followers would have, for the most part, finally deserted him and the historically important march to the Feldherrenhalle might never have occurred. This was without a doubt the “bluff of the century”. The moment was seized and thus began the march of the 'brown battalions' forging forward towards their appointment with destiny and the birth through martyrdom of the Third Reich.

All of this is well documented. The trial that ensued set the pace for the ever-increasing popularity of one who was nothing but a struggling nationalistic zealot who probably would have utterly failed if he had not stormed forth that night at the beer hall with his trusty American revolver. This was the incident during which No. 709 was first employed in historic use and deed. 

PFC Andrew Sivi’s Treasures

Included in the significant and weighty provenance that accompanies this pistol, articles from newspapers in Jamestown, New York; the "Buffalo Evening News", and "Buffalo Courier Express" dating back to 1945 mention that PFC Sivi was quartered in Hitler’s house and tell of the souvenirs he brought home to including a small American-made pistol. Other articles in these journals mention that Army officials at the time valued the collection at $50,000. Mentioned also is the fact the Sivi’s accumulation was taken to Buffalo for exhibition. 

Lieutenant Robert Schermer, Buffalo Army Recruiting Officer, revealed that the regimental history of the famed 45th Thunderbird Division of which Sivi was a member, also documents Sivi’s post at the Hitler house. The "Jamestown Post Journal" in December of 1960 had a rather lengthy article on Sivi and his treasures, and featured a picture of him with letters, Geli’s stuffed dog, and the revolver. The present owner also has the original NY-State pistol permit (#6292-1946) from 1946 when Sivi registered the pistol, and the aforementioned letter from Mr. Roy Jenks, historian, and customer-service manager for the Smith & Wesson Company in Springfield, Massachusetts. His letter of 2 September 1982 traces the history—from factory to France. 

It’s quite easy, and perhaps logical, for the mind to ascend to the possibilities given the 1903 destination of this weapon. Among the articles of provenance are signed and notarized affidavits from PFC Sivi and notably, one from a Mr. Arthur Peters, who, after stating that he was a member of the U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division holding the rank of sergeant, goes on to say that he was also quartered in No. 16, Prinzregentenstrasse with PFC Sivi, and the others. He states he witnessed Sivi removing the small revolver in a black case. He identified it as a Smith & Wesson, and in 1984 he signed a photo of the gun for Larry Michael. 

Peters went on to say that he is the same Sgt. Peters that is pictured on page 38 of the May 1945 issue of Life magazine. Peters is pictured as he sacked out on Hitler’s bed (which turned out to be Geli’s bed), while looking at a copy of Hitler’s book, "Mein Kampf".

Recently on the History Channel in its series of "Tales of the Gun" a segment entitled 'Million-Dollar Guns' was aired. A gun owed by Hitler was featured. This particular weapon was the Mod. PP Walther pistol that was presented to him by the Walther Family on the occasion of his fiftieth birthday, 20 April 1939. It was gold plated with deep floral motif chiseling and ivory grips. The initials “A.H.” are found on the left side of the center panel. The provenance was convincing and the gun sold at auction for over $100,000 in November of 1987. It was a very beautiful piece and very historically important. However, the fact remains that by 1939, Hitler did not need to carry a gun because at this time he was guarded by the SS and didn’t need a personal gun and probably never even carried this Walther.

Historians Agree Hitler Packed a Revolver

Contemporary history also documents that Hitler’s earlier preference in pistols was the revolver over an automatic. It has been many times noted with period photographs that he wore an old weather-worn great coat in those early years and it is usually observed that he continually had his right hand thrust deeply in the pocket, especially in the time of political struggle, the Kampfzeit. He was the world’s busiest aspiring politician at this time and had many very tough and dangerous enemies among the communists, and other reactionaries. Various historians almost invariably agree that down deep in this pocket the Führer gripped a revolver. 

Automatic pistols were as common as Sauerkraut in Germany, but everyone in the know seems to always mention Hitler’s Revolver. In his work, "The Life and Death of Adolf Hitler", Robert Payne says in the chapter 'The November Putsch', “Hitler wore a trench coat and carried a Revolver in his pocket.” Later, Payne states, “Hitler jumped on a table, fired two shots from his Revolver into the ceiling and shouted, ‘silence!’” 

On page 74 he recounts that Ullrich Graf, Hitler’s bodyguard, "…brought him a Stein of beer, which he drained while waving his Revolver at the three adversaries". Page 181 refers to Hitler’s almost incoherent state of mind when, after the failed Putsch, he was hiding out in Uffing, a suburb of Munich, at the home of Ernst “Putzi” Hanfstängl, who was an early friend and later Hitler’s representative with the foreign press. Hanfstängl was of German-American parentage and was descended from two American Civil War generals and was the son of an art dealer, who owned a shop on Fifth Avenue in New York -  yet another intriguing “American connection” to the saga of Hitler and his Revolver.

When Hitler had reached a point of complete desperation after the failure of the Putsch, and the horrible state of affairs, as he now perceived it, he believed his life had now reached “the point of no return” and now would attempt suicide. He suddenly announced at Hanfstängl’s Villa, “This is the end! I will never let those swine take me. I will shoot myself first,” as he lifted the petite No. 709 to his temple. At this point something happened that also would affect world history forever. Herr Hanfstängl’s wife, Helene, cried out, “What are you doing?” and seized his hand and wrested from him the Revolver just as it was about to fire. She exclaimed, “Think of all your loyal followers who believe in you. How can you forsake all those good people who share your ideal of saving your country while you take your own life?”

Hitler then covered his face with is hands and Helene ran immediately into an adjoining room where she hid the revolver in a barrel of flour. It is a fascinating and captivating synopsis when one’s mind ascends to the implications of that moment when this man, who certainly made the largest mark in history since Napoleon, came within a heartbeat of finality. It becomes, again, very apparent especially at this momentous point in time not only how historically significant No. 709 is, but also at the same time imagine the earth-shattering implications had the future Führer succeeded in his suicide attempt with this now infamous revolver. Had Frau Hanfstängl not intervened, what would the rest of the century and the future have held in store for our world?

Helene was an American citizen that “Putzi” had married in the U.S. in 1920. She was the daughter of a German-American businessman who had emigrated from Bremen. Also interesting is that in Hanfstängl’s book, "Unheard Witness", (Lippencourt, 1959), where he describes this incident, he clearly denotes “revolver,” not “pistol,” “gun,” “or Walther,” just “revolver.”

We believe the American connections to No. 709 are prodigiously engaging—American gun, German-American friend, American wife, who history records most assuredly saved the life of the future Führer and preserved the little revolver in the offing.

Had the wife of "Putzi" Hanfstängel not intervened history would have been very different, indeed.

In his book, "Hitler", Herbert Walther also references Hitler’s brandishing of a revolver at the beer hall. In the most famous work ever published about Hitler and Nazi Germany, William L. Shirer in "The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich" states in the chapter on the Beer-Hall Putsch, page 104, that Hitler fired a revolver toward the ceiling. On page 105 Shirer states that when Hitler was holding the Bavarian officials at bay, “It was at the point of Adolf Hitler’s revolver.” He also recounts that one onlooker at the last event of the ill-fated Putsch known as the “Feldherrenhalle massacre” observed that Hitler might have fired the first shot with his revolver; this is speculative at best.

The German author, Heinz A. Heinz, on page 178 of "Germany’s Hitler", when describing Hitler’s actions at the Burgerbräukeller states as follows: “Hitler made an attempt to speak, but the excitement was so great he could neither make himself heard nor understood. So he drew his revolver (emphasis added) and a loud report rang out. He had pointed it upward to the ceiling.” In "The Making of Adolf Hitler", subtitled “The Birth and Rise of Nazism,” author Eugene Davidson recounts on page 197 his firing of a revolver into the ceiling.

Many more eminent historians have noted the word “revolver” when describing the Beer-Hall Putsch. Because of the circumstantial, but convincing evidence assembled, it seems safe to make the logical assumption that little 709 was the Beer-Hall-Putsch weapon considering all the other prevalent facts.

As to the suicide of Geli Raubal, there can be no reasonable doubt whatsoever that this is the weapon used in the tragic moment.

It is very interesting to note that in a fairly new book entitled "Hitler and Geli", by Ronald Hayman, he writes on page 170 of Adolf Hitler’s telling Friedelind Wagner that Geli was scared of guns ever since a fortune teller predicted that a Revolver bullet would end her life.

In the suicide incident we have some conflict in the narratives where authors quote the report and deposition of Gregor Strasser, later, Hitler’s archenemy, who identified the suicide weapon as a Walther 6.35 Revolver. First of all, no such weapon exists, and it should be noted that Strasser was probably not at all familiar with the nomenclature or caliber of firearms. It was his original recounting that has been quoted by numerous historians; however, although the caliber has been disputed, all have agreed that it was indeed a small revolver that Geli used to end her life.

In "The Life and Death of Adolf Hitler", author Robert Payne on page 227 recounts that “They found Geli Raubal lying on the floor in a blue nightdress at the foot of a sofa. The revolver lay on the sofa. She had been dead for many hours.” He also noted that she was dead at the age of 23!

So it is that the word “revolver” constantly emerges in the early history of the man, Adolf Hitler, but the Germans always preferred automatics from their earliest warfare—1870 on. In fact, there have been practically no revolvers manufactured in Germany.

Adolf was not the only Third Reich notable that preferred an American revolver. When he surrendered to American forces in 1945, Reichsmarshal Hermann Göring turned over his Smith & Wesson Model M&P (military and police) .38-caliber Revolver to his American captors. It seemed S&W was the weapon of choice among the Nazi leaders.

 Göring's revolver, now on display at the U.S. Military Academy in West Point, NY

In any case, when one peruses the clippings, articles, affidavits, testimonies, and various literary works, the entire documentation or provenance that abound with No. 709,  one can readily see that there can be no reasonable doubt to the fact that here is the personal handgun of the German chancellor and wartime leader.

We know that Adolf Hitler was not a gun collector or weapons enthusiast as was the Reich’s hunting master, Herman Göring. Hitler despised the killing of animals—he was a vegetarian.

Hitler collected nothing, as he admitted in the collected works known as "Hitler’s Table Talk". He was a plain and simple man who was not a materialist in any sense of the word. Unlike the flamboyant Hermann Göring, the Führer’s material possessions would fit into a traveling valise.

Recently on the History Channel in its series of "Tales of the Gun" a segment entitled 'Million-Dollar Guns' was aired. A gun owed by Hitler was featured. This particular weapon was the Mod. PP Walther pistol that was presented to him by the Walther Family on the occasion of his fiftieth birthday, 20 April 1939. It was gold plated with deep floral motif chiseling and ivory grips. The initials “A.H.” are found on the left side of the center panel. The provenance was convincing and the gun sold at auction for over $100,000 in November of 1987. It was a very beautiful piece and very historically important. However, the fact remains that by 1939, Hitler did not need to carry a gun because at this time he was guarded by the SS and didn’t need a personal gun and probably never even carried this Walther.

In 1921 Hitler applied for and was granted a pistol permit. In his book, "Hitler, the Pictorial Documentary of His Life", author John Toland shows a picture of this permit as photo No. 50. Unfortunately, on its face the number ‘709’ does not appear, but there is the number ‘22’ (for .22 caliber?) clearly showing.

We know that Hitler preferred to carry the small revolver tucked down into the pocket of his shabby greatcoat, but there is at least one historical reference to a holster. In the book, "Hitler and Geli", published in 1997, author Ronald Hayman quotes Ernst “Putzi” Hanfstängl as describing Hitler’s wearing of a rather outlandish outfit occasionally consisting of a blue suit, a purple shirt, a brown waistcoat, and a red tie. The bulge at his hip was caused by a revolver in its holster. According to Hanfstängl, he may have been modeling himself on Karl May’s cowboys. He also mentions Hitler as he arrived for coffee: he stopped at a coat hook in the hallway to discard his velour hat and trench coat, and hang up his cartridge belt, which had a revolver attached to it.

In the future even more will be unearthed about this extraordinary, historically important relic. Even now, it is without doubt the most important piece to ever surface from the actual property of Adolf Hitler. Certainly there was never any item that was used by him for so long or depended upon so much. The revolver’s use was practically a daily event, until the day when it was retired after being part of the greatest tragedy ever to befall him.

 

On the night of 28 April 1945, being 56 years of age, Hitler marries Eva Braun, of 33.

Eva Braun's marriage demonstrates more than anything else that since she was 19 she was Hitler's faithful mistress.

Hitler never hid his taste for young women, every picture of him accompanied by youngsters show him transformed. His niece, Geli Raubal, had been his prior passion; she was also, like Eva Braun, very young when they were together.

On 29 April SS Gruppenführer Heinrich Müller, Head of the Gestapo, and Hermann Fegelein, married to Gretl, Eva Braun's sister, are taken up to the Chancellery's Gardens. The myth has it that they were both executed immediately, and with no trace of evidence or corpses left, in fact they both disappeared in thin air.

The day after that, 30 April, Hitler's personal pilot, Hans Baur, begged him to escape by plane either to Argentina or Japan. There was a Junkers Ju390 V2 ready, with six 1700hp BMW engines, with a cruising speed of 500km/h and a flying autonomy of 9700 km. This plane had been designed to bomb New York and in fact its prototype flew to the United States and came back.

Lieutenant Baur was the Lieutenant of the 'Grenzmark', Hitler's private plane, a Focke Wulf Condor Fw200-V, Four BMW 850 hp engines, in 1938 it flew from Berlin to Tokyo for the first time, it had a cruising speed of 335 km/h and a flying autonomy of 3560 km.

According to the known story Hitler, together with his wife, would commit suicide at 3:30 p.m. on 30 April. The direct witnesses being, one way or the other, Erich Kempka, Otto Günsche and Heinz Linge and some members of the Leibstandarte who saw some bulks being taken out through the emergency exit of the Führerbunker into the garden and afterwards a bonfire.

On 30 April 1945, at 4:15 p.m., a Ju52 landed at Berlin Downtown, two of that plane's crew saw Adolf Hitler in front of a turbojet plane, probably an Arado 234 B, or Type C, a great tactical bomber of two/four jets. Unlike the other German jet planes of that time, it could land on difficult landing strips or on natural fields due to its oversized landing gear, its take off was also very short if it carried no bombs, which according to the standard version was around 500 kg to 1000 kg. It had a big pilot cabin and a comfortable space behind the cargo compartment. A perfect plane to escape in from an extreme situation, this tactical bomber both B and C model had an autonomy of 1650/1400 km and flew at 10,000/11,000 Mts. which made it invulnerable together with its cruising speed of 700/800 km/h, these features were superior to the ones the Allied planes of that time had and similar to the ones of modern executive jets.

The new Chancellery made by the architect Speer is part of the myth surrounding Hitler´s suicide. The Chancellery´s blueprint shows a 220m long building, which extended its front throughout the totality of the Voss Strasse and had Italian style gardens under which the Führerbunker was located.

The structural integrity of the architectonic set is evidenced by a picture taken during an Allied strike in April 1945 and another airshot taken days after Berlin´s defeat. Indeed, it is not destroyed, though it is clear that only one 500 kg bomb hit near the secondary entrance of the Voss Strasse without doing any damage to the inside of the construction.

There was wall damage in the central hall, more than one hundred meters long, and in Hitler´s study, where the Bohemian chandeliers were still intact.

The area that covers the Führerbunker was photographed from the roof of the Honor Court in June 1945, and it is of great importance, the amount of construction material and scaffolds present at the field which covers the area, specially near the emergency exit cube, where an L-shaped pit was found, destined to build the foundations of a protective wall.

As late as May 1945 the hand removed gravel piled a few feet away from the Bunker's exit was still evident. The piled gravel could still be seen two months later, in July 1945, and there had been very little crumbling in the pit, not deeper than 3 feet. Four 20 lt. cans of oil were still on the premises, abandoned by the Soviets as trophies, and a concrete mixer at the corner of the pit.

The Diplomat's Hall, behind the emergency exit door and the nearby looking outpost to the left of it showed very little shrapnel damage in their plastering. The lamps and blinds were left untouched, so was the smooth surface of the concrete cube of the emergency exit. The disorder of the interrupted work is evidenced by the pictures taken in May and July 1945.

As a consequence of the area not being declared off-limit for the Allied Forces many visits were made by militaries, politicians and journalists. Everybody visited the miserable 3m by 4m L-shaped pit, measured by a white tape exiting the emergency door that was put when Churchill visited the site on 16 July 1945, site and sat on Hitler's sofa that had been brought from the Führerbunker. To everyone's eyes it was a simple ditch that showed no trace of a bonfire, let alone of a bomb cone as it has always been told. There were no impact holes or other characteristics to justify that myth or the one of the Wagnerian bonfire where Hitler was supposedly reduced to ashes.

  

On 5 May 1945, the "badly burnt" corpses of a man and woman were reportedly discovered by the Soviets in a ditch located a mere three metres from the emergency exit from the Führerbunker. It is maintained by most historians today that the corpses discovered this day were those of the real Adolf and Eva Hitler. The only mystery, they think, is why Stalin began insisting, as early as 26 May 1945 that Hitler was still alive.

In fact, there is no evidence to corroborate the story of the discovery of the two corpses. Since no photographs apparently were taken of them in situ, they could quite literally have come from anywhere. An obvious problem is that they were reportedly discovered in a ditch situated just three metres from the Bunker exit.  Although this is consistent with the statements of alleged eyewitnesses to the burial, who cite distances of between one and three metres, this means that the ditch was located almost directly outside the exit door—a circumstance that would have rendered its use unsafe, to say the least. What's more, if the ditch really had existed, it is hard to see why the Soviets neither photographed it nor preserved it intact.

The earliest photos—those taken in early July 1945, when many foreign reporters and military officials came to view the historic spot— are of a ditch that looks at least 12 metres away from the exit, and possibly more. It is hard to see why, if the ditch mentioned by the eyewitnesses had existed in the first place, two months later it had been covered over and visitors were being shown a different ditch.

A few words are in order concerning the sheer unlikelihood of the presumed Hitler corpse having been authentic. There is something inherently improbable about the idea that Hitler's corpse would have been discarded so near the Führerbunker. The narrative of the Third Reich's last days with which we are familiar suggests that measures for dealing with Hitler's death were cobbled together more or less at the last minute as Soviet troops threatened the Reich Chancellery itself. But this view is nonsense. Hitler's fate was the subject of planning that stretched back at least until 22 April 1945. That day, Dr Göbbels told General Schörner:

"The least that I can do is ensure that the Führer's corpse does not fall into the hands of the enemy as a trophy". [V. K. Vinogradov et al. (eds), "Hitler's Death: Russia's Last Great Secret from the Files of the KGB", Chaucer Press, London, 2005].

Since the Germans were committed to ensuring that Hitler's body would never be recovered by the enemy, it made no sense at all for them to place it in a location so close to the Führerbunker that it could not possibly be overlooked. It also made no sense to inter it in the same grave as a female body that would be able to be identified as Eva Hitler's. Anyone whose mission was to conceal Hitler's corpse would hardly have chosen to inter it with another that provided a blatant clue as to its identity. This is, rather, what someone would do who wanted a decoy body instantly mistaken for Hitler's.

Two further circumstances would seem to prove that we are dealing with a hoax. First, according to the Soviet autopsy report, the corpse was missing its right-side ribs and its left foot. While this doesn't prove that the corpse wasn't Hitler's, it does establish that the familiar story of Hitler committing suicide in the Bunker and his corpse being carried up to ground level to be cremated and buried immediately afterwards cannot be true. After all, Hitler's right ribs and left foot can hardly have fallen off on the way up the stairs. Second, the corpses discovered by the Soviets cannot have been cremated in the open air, as eyewitnesses maintained. According to an anonymous British intelligence officer who stated that he had been shown the remains shortly after they had been found:

"There were not two complete skeletons and none of the main bones was intact". ['Did Hitler And Eva Die One Year Ago?' "Winnipeg Free Press", 3 May 1946].



According to W. F. Heimlich, a former intelligence officer who in 1947 was a high official in the American administration of Berlin, the corpses would probably have had to be burned in a closed crematory to achieve the condition of almost total disintegration in which they were found. ["Yank Intelligence Officer Says He Doesn't Believe Hitler Dead", "Charleston Gazette", 9 February 1947].
 In "The Murder of Adolf Hitler", forensic scientist Hugh Thomas provides support for this conclusion. Thomas points out that "the damage described on the skull [in the Soviet autopsy report, parts of which were not published until 1968] could have been produced only in temperatures over 1000°C—far greater than any that could have been produced in the open garden of the Reichskanzelei". [D. Marchetti et al., 'The death of Adolf Hitler – forensic aspects', "Journal of Forensic Sciences" 2005 Sept; 50(5), Abstract].

It is true indeed that the Soviets wanted to show off with the Allies that visited the Soviet sector, they showed pictures of them around a body, in a trophy like manner. They also published a close–up of what they claimed was Hitler's lifeless body in "Pravda", the Official Bulletin of the Party, that was actually nothing more than a grossly tricked picture of a man twenty years younger than Hitler that but for the little mustaches bore no resemblance with him. There were witnesses that ascertained that he was just a humble cook, but his picture kept appearing in history books illustrating Hitler's last days for at least fifty years afterwards.

Hitler's Bunker was another myth. It was depicted as a refuge but it was actually a system of several interconnected shelters. The Führerbunker, only Hitler himself and his closest men had access to it, and the Vorbunker, which had the services and accessories for the Führerbunker, (a map was never published in benefit of the official story) thus being a huge shelter of covered and usable 500 sq. m.

 






Zugang

 Entrance

Beobachtungsturm

 Observation Tower

 Lagerraum

 Storage Room

 Hitlers Schlafraum

 Hitler´s Bedroom

 Vorzimmer

 Antechamber

 Hitlers Arbeits- und Wohnraum

 Hitler´s Work- and Living-Room

 Eva Brauns Schlafraum

Eva Braun´s Bedroom 

 Kleiderablage

 Garderobe

 Bad und Toilette

 Bathroom and Toilet

 Aufenthaltsraum RSD

 Lounge RSD

 Gasschleuse und RSD

 Gas Lock and RSD

 Ausgang

 Exit

 Arztraum

 Doctor´s Room

 Schlafraum Göbbels

 Bedroom Göbbels

 Lagevorraum (Konferenzraum)

 Great Conference Room

In order to increase the mystery, its hard access was also mythified with the excuse that the Soviets prohibited the access, but the pictures show that both Hitler's and Eva Braun's bedrooms and the study-room had been entered by not only Soviet but also by American researchers, identifiable by their uniforms and weaponry.

Allied Journalists were also shown the interior of the Führerbunker and entered it through the 44 step stair which the Hitler couple had used on 30 April for the last time.

It is also true that the rooms of the Führerbunker were full of hundreds of items, furniture and even a huge safe box that had been in his private room, all of which are still missing.

In July 1945 Bill Vandivert, reporter for "Life Magazine", took a picture of the American CIC researchers who, with nothing besides a candle, were examining the living room, Hitler's suicide site, where a blood stain in the armrest of the sofa constituted the evidence of the myth. (American researchers exclusively took into account the sofa's bloodstains, overlooking the similar stains that could be seen on Eva Braun's bed, even when by its shape and size it had probably been left by one of the hundred wounded that were found by the Soviets at the time of occupying the Bunker).

 Percy Knauth also of "Life Magazine" reported that:

"Against one wall stood a sofa with a light wooden frame and thick brocade cushions. This was where Hitler and Eva Braun - his bride of 48 hours after she had been mistress for sixteen years - had shot themselves if the story told by Hitler's driver Ernst Kempka is true. We held our lights close to the sofa. There were blood stains on the light-coloured armrest of the sofa. Blood had dripped down and collected in small coagulated stripes in the corner. Blood was also to be seen on the outer side of the sofa on the brocade cloth".

Unidentified gun on Bunker Death Couch

Even that sofa disappeared together with every historical evidence that could be found on the site, from Hitler's "Brockhaus Encyclopedia" piled up in his room to Eva´s clothing, scattered on the bed.

Historians always speak about a chancellery hit by many bombs, but the pictures of the gardens and of the park of ancient oaks surrounding the Führerbunker area show exactly the opposite. All the trees surrounding the Führerbunker´s exit are still standing with their branches intact, and there is no evidence of air-bomb hits nor of mortar craters. The Italian gardens also remained intact, those trees made it impossible for the SS Harry Mengershausen who testified that near Hitler's study, from a chancellery's window, he could see Hitler's and Hitler's wife's body being burned, to have witnessed the Viking funeral. The supposed bonfire could not have been seen from the chancellery's windows facing the exit because of the trees and the distance.

The photographic evidence presented two decades afterwards, also like identificating evidence, show just a jaw fragment with a golden prosthesis on top of it, the jaw bone has holes and the ceramic part of the golden bridge is missing. The X-rays used for comparison taken of Hitler's head in 1944 are of very low quality and have no forensic value.

During the first days of May 1945, a picture of a carbonized cadaver was taken, burned to such an extent that the members broke apart when moved, the only intact thing that appeared on the picture was the penis and the scrotum of one testicle, hence another myth.

The only clear and attributable picture made public by the Soviet authorities during the autopsies made in the first half of May 1945, was Helga Göbbels', twelve years of age. Another one was her father's carbonized cadaver, Josef Göbbels who is still wearing a white cotton shirt and a black tie.





 

Winston Churchill: In fifteen years that have followed this resolve, he has succeeded in restoring Germany to the most powerful position in Europe, and not only has he restored the position of his country, but he has even, to a very great extent, reversed the results of the Great War.... the vanquished are in the process of becoming the victors and the victors the vanquished.... whatever else might be thought about these exploits they are certainly among the most remarkable in the whole history of the world." -1935. (Ironically the (author of these comments had directly the opposite effect on his own country.

".... and the achievement by which the tables have been turned upon the complacent, feckless and purblind victors deserves to be reckoned a prodigy in the history of the world and a prodigy which is inseparable from the personal exertions of life thrust on a single man. ...

"Those who have met Hitler face to face in public, business, or on social terms, have found a highly competent, cool, well-informed functionary with an agreeable manner, a discerning smile and few have been unaffected by a subtle personal magnetism.

"Nor is this impression merely the dazzle of power. He exerted it on his companions at every stage in his struggle, even when his fortunes were in the lowest depths....One may dislike Hitler's system and yet admire his patriotic achievement. If our country were defeated I should hope we should find a champion as indomitable to restore our courage and lead us back to our place among the nations".

-- Winston Churchill, "Step by Step"'

Theodor Heuss: "He moved souls, the will to sacrifice, and great devotion, enthralling and enthusiastically inspiring everyone by his appearance".

Viscount Rothermere: "He has a supreme intellect. I have known only two other men to whom I could apply such distinction - Lord Northcliffe and Lloyd George. If one puts a question to Hitler, he gives an immediate, brilliant clear answer. There is no human being living whose promise on important matters I would trust more readily. He believes that Germany has a divine calling and that the German people are destined to save Europe from the revolutionary attacks of Communism. He values family life very highly, whereas Communism is its worst enemy. He has thoroughly cleansed the moral, ethical life of Germany, forbidden publication of obscene books, and performance of questionable plays and films. No words can describe his politeness; he disarms men as well as women and can win both at any time with his conciliatory, pleasant smile. He is a man of rare culture. His knowledge of music, the arts and architecture is profound."

-- "'Warnings and Predictions"
 
Hans Grimm: "I witness with awe and admiration, that he, as nearly the first in the world, caused multitudes without force or any personal benefits to follow him of their own free will and volition"."

G.E.O Knight: "Altogether, Herr Hitler has worked miracles for the new Germany. I anticipate that in a very short time, the Chancellor will have shown the world more than it ever bargained for in its wildest efforts to crush the new regime."

-- "In Defence of Germany"
Jacques Bainville, "Action Francais": "Is Hitler policy the result of his own unaided efforts? Or is it influenced by his counsellors? At bottom, this is more or less indifferent; then he who is capable of following sound advice is just as clever as he who gives such advice ... Hitler is undoubtedly lucky. Hitherto he has succeeded in everything, since even in his most impulsive moments he is a prudent calculator, and he shapes his foreign policy with the same bold imagination as he shaped the policy which was fore ordained to make him the master of German's destinies ... Thus he is always ahead of other governments, who are invariably a day or an idea - let us hope not an army - behindhand. When our ministers were asked if they were prepared to negotiate with the Head of the German Government they replied evasively that they were certainly ready to do so, but only in full agreement with our allies. At that very time Hitler had already concluded his non-aggression pact with Poland ... Poland's leading newspaper writes; 'Hitler is the first German statesman who has found the right language at the right time. Hitler has always stressed that any treaty signed by him is worth fare more than the Treaty of Locarno. For Stressseman represented political parties which no longer existed, whereas Hitler enjoys the confidence of the whole of Germany expressed by the votes of over forty million electors".

Houston Stewart Chamberlain: "At one stroke you have transformed the state of my soul. That Germany in the greatest hour of its need can produce a Hitler testifies to its vitality."

"The Daily Mail": "He succeeded in ascending to the highest power-position in Germany with very little spilling of blood or loss of human life in a land of 68 million inhabitants. Austria was annexed without one shot being fired."

-- "Daily Mail", 20 May 1938

Sir Arnold Wilson, MP: "Health statistics in Germany are satisfactory. Infant mortality has been greatly reduced and is considerably inferior to that in Great Britain. Tuberculosis and other diseases have noticeably diminished. The criminal courts have never had so little to do and the prisons have never had so few occupants. It is a pleasure to observe the physical aptitude of the German youth. Even the poorest persons are better clothed than was formerly the case, and their cheerful faces testify to their psychological improvement that has been wrought within them. Economic conditions in Germany, abstraction made of the influence exerted by rearmament, are steadily progressing. Unemployment has greatly decreased".

"The Observer": "Last May, I returned, bringing my family for another sojourn, after two years spent in other European countries. I found a Germany which has advanced miraculously from the point of 1933. I found political solidarity, a wholesome tone in the life of city dweller and country dweller alike. I found living costs materially reduced and an unmistakable optimism on every hand. In every quarter I found the same answer to my questioning: Profound belief in the genius of the Leader, love and admiration for him as an individual. My observations have covered a wide range of social classification. I have talked with the humblest type of labourers, with merchants, professional men. I have yet to discover a dissenting voice to the question of loyalty to the Führer. My two young daughters are attending German public schools and are receiving an education which in thoroughness could be equaled in few countries".

-- John L. Garvin. "The Observer"

"American Manifest Destiny": "These financial and industrial wonders had been performed without foreign loans. Of these miracles, Churchill gave this tribute: "Whatever else may be thought about these exploits they are certainly among the most remarkable in the whole history of the world."

-- "American Manifest Destiny", Conrad Grieb. Examiner Books. N.Y

George Bernard Shaw: "It was evident that Germany needed only a resolute and clear-headed leader to denounce the Treaty; declare her determination to assert her full equality with the Powers, and refuse to be disarmed, plundered and chastised under the pretext of reparations and 'war guilt', to rally to him every living soul whose native language was German, and at the same time take a great step towards peace in Europe by proving that neither France nor England nor the United States dare outrage humanity by attempting military occupation of her territory on the model of the old partitions of Poland; in short, that instead of Europe being plunged into war she would be dragged back from the brink of it by Germany ... Herr Hitler seized the hour and said the word, and France and England immediately climbed down, preserving their dignity by lecturing the Chancellor solemnly on his naughty behaviour as they descended ... Mr. Vernon Bartlett was soundly berated by the Foreign Office for imploring all lovers of peace to believe in the perfect sincerity of Herr Hitler's assurance that a free Germany would be a peaceful Germany, but 95% of the listeners who wrote to him wanted to have him appointed Foreign Secretary. When I said that Herr Hitler's action was right and inevitable, the storm of abuse that was about to bust on me was suddenly checked by Mr. Lloyd George saying exactly the same thing ... Europe breathed again. The beginnings of a British popularity set in for Herr Hitler as they had set in years before for Signor Mussolini, in spite of all the liberal protests, and it only remains to watch the results of the forthcoming general election in Germany, in which it is inconceivable that a single vote should be cast against him, even by the angriest German Jew or German Communist."

-- George Bernard Shaw. Playwright. "The Observer" 5 November 1933

The Church: "The spectacle of Germany today is a tremendous experience. Fifteen years after the war in which the allied powers thought they had destroyed her, Germany is on her feet again. As compared with 1922 and 1931, when I last saw Germany, the change is miraculous. The people are confident, enthusiastic and courageous. They have recovered their morale. In 1931 the German people were going to pieces. But now they are themselves again, no doubt about that! The masses of the people are increasingly with Hitler. I have been fooling myself all along that this was not so, but now I know it is so."

-- John H. Holmes, Pastor. Community Church. "NY Times", 12 July 1935

Douglas Reed: "Germans in their country are not less well cared for than the English people in theirs, but better. You are faced with a country immensely strong in arms and immensely strong in real wealth - not in gold bars in a vault of the national bank, but industry, agriculture, the thrift and energy of the work people, and the conditions of life they enjoy. In German now they have a mighty organization, equipped with full powers, for improving the lot of the work people in factories and workshops. Their engineers and social workers and artists go into the factories and see what needs to be done. They say that a shower room, recreation room, a restaurant, a medical clinic, a dental clinic is needed and these ere provided. They have a civic sense , a social conscience, a feeling of the community of German mankind - in spite of the bestial concentration camps - which you lack."

And of those 'Concentration Camps" Another Englishman Reveals All: "In August, 1933 there were seven thousand 'political prisoners' (Britain's prison population is in excess of 50,000) in Germany of which about 700 are Communists. Most were convicted of political crimes as we define them, but rather of anti-social behaviour and crime ... The discipline in the camp was of the robust kind. Every man had some kind of work to do, but this was not always enforced. The camp rose at 6.00am and all lights were out at 9.0pm. The meals consisted of breakfast, dinner, supper with meat served daily except on Fridays. There was a dispensary attached to the camp and a German doctor was in charge. Severe cases of illness were sent to the local hospital ... Various trades were carried on inside the camp such as carpentry, tailoring and shoemaking. Part of the camp was set off for bathing. Shower baths and facilities for sunbathing were shown to me. There was also a splendid sports ground ... The sleeping compartments consisted of wooden beds and straw mattresses, with three blankets for each prisoner. The working hours were from 7.00am to 11.30am and from 1.00pm to 6.00pm. A library was in the course of being introduced ... Visitors were allowed once a week, and were received in the dining room which accommodated some 300 people. There were apartments set apart for music and dramatic performances. In addition to receiving free board and lodging, each prisoner was drawing 10DM to 12DM per week, which represented his unemployment allowance pay ... Instruction in ethics, religion, the new form of government in Germany, history, languages, was given daily to those who desired to attend. There was little or no crime among the men in the camp. Good order prevailed among all classes. The guards ate the same food as the prisoners, and were subject to the same disciplines as the internees, although they were government officials. One of the guards was a prince of the House of Hesse ... Letters and parcels were subject to censorship. In not one case out of many thousands received had it been found necessary to destroy any parcel or letter forwarded. Newspapers were permitted and smoking allowed. When a prisoner desired to light his pipe or cigarette, he had to go to a guard detailed off to supply lights for the prisoners, as no matches were permitted prisoners ... Services were held every Sunday and the majority of the opportunity. No objection was raised by the authorities to my taking photographs of both camps and internees ... The men looked in splendid physical condition. Having heard so many dreadful stories of brutal treatment being meted out to Communists in this particular camp, I asked some of the men to confide in me and tell me the truth of those allegations. Not a few laughed at 'the bloody capitalist liars in your country.' I took fifteen men at random and asked them to strip in my presence. I wanted to see if they bore any marks of violence on their persons. I saw nothing indicative of bad treatment." 

-- G.E.O Knight, "In Defence of Germany", (who was allowed complete freedom of movement in all camps)

John F. Kennedy, U.S. Presuident: "After visiting these two places (the town of Berchtesgaden and Obersalzberg) you can easily understand how that within a few years Hitler will emerge from the hatred that surrounds him now as one of the most significant figures who ever lived. He had in him the stuff of which legends are made". 

-- "Prelude to Leadership, The European Diary of J.F Kennedy", Summer, 1945.

Jesse Owens, American "negro" Olympic Athlete": "When I passed the Chancellor he arose, waved his hand at me, and I waved back at him. I think the writers showed bad taste in criticizing the man of the hour in Germany."

-- Richard D. Mandell. "The Nazi Olympics"

The Marquis of Lothian: "I think that it must be admitted that National Socialism has done a great deal for Germany. It has undoubtedly cleaned up Germany in the ordinary moral sense of the word. The defeatism, the corruption so manifest a characteristic in the days after the war has disappeared, at any rate from public view. It has given discipline and order and a sense of purpose to the great majority of young people who in earlier days did not know where to go or what they were living for."

-- His Lordship, the Marquess of Lothian, British Ambassador to Washington, 29 June 1937

"Readers Digest": "That Hitler's conquest of the hearts and minds of all classes of Germans is now so complete that even if all his Brown Shirts and Steel Helmets were to be disbanded tomorrow he would still be easily the strongest man in Germany, and on any appeal to the electorate would be confirmed in power by a quite overwhelming majority of votes ... Hitler is recognized by the whole of the political and official intelligentsia as an exceedingly able man ... As of the militarist question. One may say with complete certainty that what Hitler said in his Reichstag speech on May 17 was exactly what he meant and accurately represents the policy that he will pursue ... I found no German who dreamed of the possibility of war, few who did not hope that it might be prevented in the future altogether. The truth is that the Nazi mind is concentrated on the internal problems of Germany and does not want to be bothered by foreign affairs for a long time to come ... Hitler has passed from the stage of party leader to being the national prophet of an exceedingly serious people, and it would need another prophet to replace him."

-- Clifford Sharp, former editor of the "New Statesman" writing in "The New Statesman and Nation". Reprinted in "Readers Digest", September, 1933

Dr. Josef Göbbels: "This century will be named and shaped after Adolf Hitler."

Eva Braun to her Sister: "I must write you these words so that you will not feel sad over our end here in the shelter. It is rather we who are filled with sorrow because it is your fate to live on into the chaos that will follow. For myself, I am glad to die here; glad to be at the side of the Führer; foremost of all, glad that the horror now to come is spared me."

Dr. Josef Göbbels to his Stepson, Harald: "My Dear Harald! We sit locked in the Führer's shelter in the RC., fighting for lives and honour. I hardly believe that we shall ever see each other again; therefore, it is likely that these will be the last lines you will ever receive from me. I expect from you, should you outlive this war, that you do only that which will honour your mother and father .. Germany will outlive this terrible war, but only if it has examples upon which to guide its reconstruction. Such an example we want to give here. Do not let yourself be confused by the uproar that will now reign throughout the world. The lies will one day break down under their own weight and the truth will again triumph. The hour will come when we shall stand pure and undefiled as our aims and beliefs have always been ... Farewell, my dear Harald. Whether we shall ever see each other again lies in the hand of God. If it is not to be, then always be proud to have belonged to a family that even in the face of disaster remains true to the Fuehrer to the very last and true to his pure and Holy cause. All the best and my heartfelt greetings. Your Papa".

General Leon Degrelle: "Hitler was the greatest statesman Europe has ever known. History will prove that when whipped up emotions have died down. He was more matter of fact, generally more unfolded than Napoleon. Napoleon was more of a vanquishing, empire-founding Frenchman than a true European. Hitler, in his being a man of his time, dreamed of an enduring, just, honest Europe, unified by the initiative of the victor. A Europe however in which each ethnic group could develop according to their merits and accomplishments. The proof of this is that he offered Petain his hand. Just as Bismarck knew how to outgrow Prussia and become a German, so Hitler soon changed from being a German to being a European. At an early stage he disconnected himself from imperialistic ambition ... Without any difficulty he began to think of himself as a European and initiated the creation of a Europe in which Germany - like Prussia in Bismarck's time, was to be the foundation stone ... Some comrades of the Führer might still have been short-sighted Pan-Germanists. But Hitler had the genius, the right scale, the absence of bias and the necessary vision to accomplish the terrific task ... He had an authority, not to be found a second time in the history of the continent. His success would have established wealth and civilisation of Europe for centuries, probably forever. Hitler's plans for Europe would have meant a blessing for us all."


Hitler: Beyond Evil and Tyranny
R. H. S. Stolfi
Prometheus Books
, 2011


Countless books, including five major biographies, have been devoted to the subject of Adolf Hitler. Yet, despite the mass of tantalizing detail uncovered over six decades, the man at the center of so much study and evil circumstance remains elusive. For some he was evil personified, a diabolical tyrant driven by a lust for power; for others he was a banal demagogue, an opportunist with talent for propaganda and speech-making but little more than an empty vessel embodying the disappointments of a defeated Germany. Though we know many facts about Hitler, no coherent picture of his character or personality emerges. Instead, we are left with a cardboard cutout of an evil dictator whom in the end no one can really explain.

In this new biography of Hitler, historian R.H.S. Stolfi reinterprets the known facts about the Nazi Führer to construct a convincing, realistic portrait of the man. In place of the hollow shell whom others have made into an icon of evil, Stolfi sees a complex, nuanced personality. He tells the story of Hitler, starting with the dreamy youth who showed talent for architectural design but who struggled academically and floundered without direction. The Hitler of later youth is then depicted as a patriot who risked his life in the front lines during World War I, was wounded by shrapnel and war gas, and was impressively decorated for valor. In Stolfi's interpretation, Hitler came out of the war a respected veteran driven by dark fury over the deaths of two million fellow soldiers and convinced he had a calling to save the Germans from historical oblivion.

The author sees Hitler as a young man who would consciously transform himself into a self-proclaimed messiah, a savior who would be called by providence to make new Germans capable of defending themselves against a French-imposed punitive peace. On another level, Stolfi reinterprets Hitler as the creator of a quasi-mystical political movement based on his revelation that the Germans were under attack by a Jewish-inspired Marxian Socialism of global dimensions. As such Hitler would set Germany on a course intended to achieve historical permanence for the state and personal immortality for its providentially inspired leader. Finally, Stolfi ranks Hitler's successes from 1919 through 1941 as achievements so astonishing that he must be characterized, along with Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar, and Napoleon, as one of Hegel's impossibly rare world historical personalities.

Without in any way glorifying its subject, this unique revision of Hitler biography brings us closer to understanding a pivotal personality in the history of mankind.

Editorial Reviews

"What can we call a man who willfully and repeatedly engages in mass murder, torture, and betrayal? A monster? Evil? Such words won't do for examining Hitler, according to U. S. Naval Postgraduate School professor emeritus Stolfi, who, although he pays tribute to the scholarship and research of more comprehensive biographies, asserts that they concentrate attention on Hitler's actions rather than his personal characteristics, accepting his "evil" as an incomprehensible given. Such bias inevitably leads biographers to ignore some of Hitler's talents and, in Stolfi's view, remarkable accomplishments. This is no neo-Nazi apologia for the horrors of the Third Reich. It is an earnest effort to interpet Hitler's personal evolution and place his actions within his personal and political context. The youth Hitler was an intelligent but rather unfocused dreamer with an artistic temperament. Like millions of other men, his admirable WWI service transformed him and further solidified messianic tendencies. In trying to fathom the "real" Hitler, Stolfi may be on a fool's errand, but this provocative work is at least worthy of discussion."

-- Booklist

"...what I find attractive in Stolfi is the structure of his argument...I confess that I read Stolfi's biography with rising excitement. Suddenly Hitler was stepping forward commanding the stage and without the intervening moral disapproval of the biographer. ...[Stolfi] has to sacrifice many other worthy points of view, but in doing so, I believe, he has made a valuable contribution not only to studies of Hitler, but to the study of biography itself."

-- Bibliobuffet

"An astonishing revisionist biography, challenging more than five decades of writing about Adolf Hitler and his role in World War II...[A] rousing book, which is sure to provoke outrage but also admiration for its author's attempt to offer a new and more comprehensive understanding of Hitler's psyche."

--Minneapolis Star Tribune

About the Author

R. H. S. Stolfi (Monterey, CA), professor emeritus at the US Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, CA, and a retired colonel in the US Marine Corps Reserve, is the author of "German Panzers on the Offensive: Russia-North Africa, 1941-1942"; "Hitler's Panzers East: World War II Reinterpreted"; and "NATO under Attack".

Adolf Hitler
The Definitive Biography, 1976
John Toland

Here is a monumental, vastly revealing biography of Adolf Hitler - filled with brilliant, original insights into the familiar aspects of Hitler's life, and offering a wealth of new material only recently discovered and never before published.

These are just a few of the startling details you will encounter within the pages of John Toland's masterful, definitive work:

-  Hitler was never a paperhanger or a house painter. But he was once a choirboy, who loved to read Westerns and play cowboys and Indians...
-  He wrote several plays and the libretto for an opera. "St. Joan" was one of his favorite dramatic works, and he knew many of Wagner's operas by heart...
-  Hitler was plagued by a paranoid fear of cancer and by a genuine heart condition. He was also a strict vegetarian...
-  He could type, drive a car (barely), play the piano (somewhat), used an elastic exerciser to stay in shape, and, like Napoleon, had a photographic memory...
-  Hitler was the first head of state to promote planning modern urban planning and anti-pollution devices in cities...
-  At least four women attempted suicide over Hitler, and at least three succeeded...
-  The "Jewish question" was a long time obsession which directly or indirectly influenced almost all of his political and military strategies...
-  Hitler was the central architect of the Final Solution, and some of its methods were inspired by the U.S Government subjugation of the American Indian...
-  The Nazi laws defining "Jewishness" were carefully drawn to exclude both Jesus Christ and Adolf Hitler, who feared that one of his grandparents might have been a Jew...

Although much has been written about Adolf Hitler, he remains a creature of legend, myth, and misconception.

Only in recent years have those who knew Hitler personally been willing or able to talk freely about him. John Toland has based this monumental biography on extensive research, involving a number of previously unknown or unavailable sources, and including over one hundred and fifty taped interviews with people directly involved in Hitler's private and public life. The result is a portrait of Hitler - as man, politician, and military leader - more complex and comprehensive than any ever before published.

With a masterful command of history, Mr. Toland has revealed Hitler within the context of the time that made him. The figure that emerges from these pages is in many ways more frightening than the traditional demonic caricature - for Toland has given the demon a human face. There are startling revelations in this book - details of Hitler's personal life never before known, and fascinating new perspectives on a number of well-known events. Many falsehoods are exposed and distortions set right.

But more remarkably, John Toland has given shape and meaning to the vast wealth of detail assembled here. It is an extraordinary, brilliant work of biography, of military, social, and political history.

Hitler in Good Company
From a Canadian publication "The Province" (1 May 1990), author: Crawford Kilian

My Lawyer friend Nick Mephisto took me out for a celebration lunch yesterday, which worried me.

He is a Devil’s advocate, the infernal version of a Queen’s Counsel. What he likes to celebrate usually appalls any normal person.

"It’s the 45th anniversary of Adolf Hitler’s death", Nick explained. "My client has been hosting him and roasting him since 30 April 1945".

"I suppose your Client is very proud to have such a monster", I said.

"Oh, Hitler was no monster".

"What! The cause of World War II, the author of holocaust, not a monster?"

"Don’t forget my client has known them all. Hitler was just a garden variety politician".

"Absurd! He was inhuman".

"Well, what was his big offence? He believed in racial and cultural superiority. And he thought superior races and cultures were entitled to invade other people’s countries, enslave them, and even exterminate them".

"I said he was a monster".

"But isn’t that exactly what other Europeans have been doing since Columbus? In the 80 years after the Spanish conquered Mexico and South America, the native population fell by 90%. That was about 40 or 50 million people. Hitler was faster, but he wasn’t responsible for any more deaths than Spaniards were".

"Aw, come on Nick..."

"The French conquered parts of Africa and South East Asia, not to mention Quebec. The English thought they deserved to rule what Kipling called ‘the lesser breeds,’ all over the world. The Belgians ran the Congo like a big concentration camp. The Dutch and the Portugese..."

"Sure, the old colonial empires were bad, but they weren’t as bad as the Nazis."

Nick Mephisto shrugged. "The Europeans believed that their supposed superiority justified slavery, massacres, deportations and suffocating of other people’s cultures. And Europe has flourished on that basis for centuries. In my client’s opinion, Hitler made just one mistake".

"Which was?"

"He picked on Europeans.’

‘True enough, but..."

"If he’s massacred native Indians, African blacks, or Asians, his neighbors wouldn’t have minded much. After all, they’d all done the same thing. But treating his fellow-Europeans that way was simply unforgivable".

"That’s enough! If Hitler had won, we’d have centuries of horror".

"Just as native Indians have had since 1492, and the Africans for almost as long. Oh, my Client gives full marks for effort, but he saves his real respect for the successful conquerers, the ones who commit genocide and become national heroes".

"So you are saying that we’re as bad as the Nazis?"

"Tut-tut, we’re much more genteel. My Client does point out, though, that Canadian defence policy is based on inflicting nuclear genocide on any nation that threatens to keep us from shopping in the mall of our choice. And the vast majority of Canadians firmly support that policy, no matter how many peace marchers turn out in Vancouver every year".

Something began to dawn on me. "Does this mean Hitler has a lot of company?"

The Devil’s advocate grinned. "Plenty, and more coming all the time. You wouldn’t believe the housing crisis created by dead racists. It’s absolute hell".

Adolf Hitler: A True American

Most people think Hitler and his genocidal policies were an aberration...a monstrosity...a unique product of an evil mind. Not quite. Hitler's Holocaust was the culmination of millennia of Western history. Given the Euro-Christian imperative to conquer, it was perhaps inevitable that one man would try to conquer all.

How did this come about? For the roots of Hitler's "madness," we must part the veils of time. The story begins, as so many stories do, with God.

If the Europeans' favorable geography and natural resources predisposed them to "go forth and multiply," so did their Judeo-Christian philosophy. Christ's word spread throughout the Roman Empire and beyond because it complemented European culture. The justification for every princely or papal conquest lay in Biblical passages such as:

"When the Lord your God brings you into the land which you are entering to occupy and drives out many nations before you, Hittites, Girgashites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites, seven nations more powerful than you, when the Lord your God delivers them into your power and you defeat them, you must put them to death. You must not make a treaty with them or spare them. You must not intermarry with them, neither giving your daughters to their sons nor taking their daughters for your sons; if you do, they will draw your sons away from the Lord and make them worship other gods. Then the Lord will be angry with you and will quickly destroy you. But this is what you must do to them: pull down their altars, break their sacred pillars, hack down their sacred poles and destroy their idols by fire, for you are a people holy to the Lord your god; the Lord your God chose you out of all nations on earth to be his special possessions".

-- Deuteronomy 7:1-6

As God commanded in Deuteronomy, Americans destroyed sacred Indian poles and shrines and Germans destroyed sacred Jewish books and temples. If Aryan Americans had conquered a continent, Hitler would use the same techniques to conquer a world.

Hitler was intimately familiar with Christian doctrine from his early life in Lambach, Austria. As David A. Meier writes in "Hitler's Rise to Power":

"There was an old Catholic Benedictine monastery in the town. The ancient monastery was decorated with carved stones and woodwork that included several Swastikas. Adolf attended school there and saw them every day. They had been put there in the 1800's by the ruling Abbot as a pun or play on words. His name essentially sounded like the German word for Swastika, Hakenkreuz".

Young Hitler did well in the monastery school and also took part in the boys' choir. He was said to have had a fine singing voice. Years later Hitler would say the solemn pageantry of the high mass and other Catholic ceremonies was quite intoxicating and left a very deep impression. As a young boy he idolized the priests and for two years seriously considered becoming a priest himself. He especially admired the Abbot in charge, who ruled his black-robbed monks with supreme authority. At home Hitler sometimes played priest and even included long sermons.

Hitler simply took the idea of the chosen people to its logical extreme. Since White Anglo-Saxon Protestants had come to dominate civilization, he thought they not the meek were destined to inherit the earth.

As Rhawn Joseph, Ph.D., writes in "The Mind of Adolf Hitler: The Early Years":

"Adolf Hitler's mad genetic vision embraced the ancient religion of the wondering Israelites; and like Moses, Hitler preached ethnic cleansing, racial purity for the "Chosen" Master Race, and woe to all "inferior" and "subhuman" species of woman and man.

"And like the ancient Israelites whose god demanded the death of all inferior "evil" women and men, innocents whose only crime was to live on land the Israeli god had decided should belong to his own "godly children" Adolf Hitler proclaimed that the lands should be cleansed of all inferior peoples".

Hitler's Third Reich would be the incarnation of the First Reich: the Holy Roman Empire, which lasted from AD 962 to 1806. He believed he was doing God's work, and said as much in "Mein Kampf" (1923):

"Hence today I believe that I am acting in accordance with the will of the Almighty Creator: by defending myself against the Jew, I am fighting for the work of the Lord". (Volume 1, Chapter II)

"What we must fight for is to safeguard the existence and reproduction of our race and our people, the sustenance of our children and the purity of our blood, the freedom and independence of the fatherland, so that our people may mature for the fulfillment of the mission allotted it by the creator of the universe". (Volume 1, Chapter VIII)

But Hitler had a more immediate source for his genocidal beliefs than dusty chronicles of crusades and pogroms. He had only to note the self-righteous nation practicing ethnic cleansing across the sea. Yes, young Adolf was inspired by none other than the good ol' US of A.

Born in 1889, the year before Wounded Knee, Hitler was well aware of the American Holocaust.

In American history, Hitler found justification for his dreams of Teutonic dominance. He spoke glowingly of the US, noting its "incomparable inner strength" ("Mein Kampf", Volume 1, Chapter IV). America, he believed, showed what Aryan power and purity could achieve:

"We must bear in mind that in the time when the American continent was being opened up, numerous Aryans fought for their livelihood as trappers, hunters, etc., and often in larger troops with wife and children, always on the move, so that their existence was completely like that of the nomads. But as soon as their increasing number and better implements permitted them to clear the wild soil and make a stand against the natives, more and more settlements sprang up in the land". ["Mein Kampf", Volume 1, Chapter XI]

"The Germanic inhabitant of the American continent, who has remained racially pure and unmixed, rose to be master of the continent; he will remain the master as long as he does not fall a victim to defilement of the blood". ["Mein Kampf", Volume 1, Chapter XI]

So Hitler's version of history flowed from the Holy Land through medieval Europe to the United States. His goal was the same as America's: to bring God-given civilization to the world. His views were largely indistinguishable from American views of the era:

"He has made us the master organizers of the world to establish system where chaos reigns. He has given its the spirit of progress to overwhelm the forces of reaction throughout the earth....Were it not for such a force as this the world would relapse into barbarism and night". [Senator Albert J. Beveridge, Congressional Record, 9 January  1900]

"He is the Prometheus of mankind from whose bright forehead the divine spark of genius has sprung at all times, forever kindling anew that fire of knowledge which illumined the night of silent mysteries and thus caused man to climb the path to mastery over the other beings of this earth". [Adolf Hitler, "Mein Kampf", Volume 1, Chapter XI, 1923]

In these sanctified fantasy lands, there was no room for pagans, mongrels, or other degenerate animals. As God commanded in Deuteronomy, Americans destroyed sacred Indian poles and shrines and Germans destroyed sacred Jewish books and temples. If Aryan Americans had conquered a continent, Hitler would use the same techniques to conquer a world.

As John Toland notes in his book "Adolf Hitler":

"Hitler's concept of concentration camps as well as the practicality of genocide owed much, so he claimed, to his studies of English and United States history. He admired the camps for Boer prisoners in South Africa and for the Indians in the Wild West; and often praised to his inner circle the efficiency of America's extermination by starvation and uneven combat of the red savages who could not be tamed by captivity".

In Hitler's view, the US had become a major power by 'ethnic cleansing' of the native inhabitants: he saw clearly that the US itself, which poses as a nation state, is in fact an Empire. It's just that the annihilation of the indigenous inhabitants was so complete that we don't see the US as an Empire. As Norman G.Finkelstein has pointed out, Hitler's 'push for the East' was explicitly inspired by the American settlers 'push for the West'. As Adam Tooze reveals in his superb "Wages of Destruction", it's true that Hitler compared the Russians to Indians, but it's ALSO true that he compared them to AMERICAN Indians. As the Indians had been pushed off their lands and herded off to reservations, so the Russians (and Poles) would be herded off to super-concentration camps: i.e. neo-reservations, where, Hitler hoped, their numbers would be 'thinned' to the extent that Germans could easily rule them while using them as cheap labour (and this is where the comparison with British India comes in).

In any case, we are making a fundamental mistake if we see a 'break' between the 19th and 20th centuries. On the contrary. Hitler's Third (German) Empire was, as Tooze says, the last and most brutal of the European colonizing movements, but the differences between the Nazi push to the East and the invasion of North and South America, the invasion of Australasia, the carve up of Africa etc. are qualitative, not quantitative.

David Stannard eloquently summed up the Holocaust's origins in his book "American Holocaust: The Conquest of the New World":

"Elie Wiesel is right: the road to Auschwitz was being paved in the earliest days of Christendom. But another conclusion now is equally evident: on the way to Auschwitz the road's pathway led straight through the heart of the Indies and of North and South America".

"Scholars estimate the North American Indian population at 15 million at the time of Columbus' arrival. In 1900, the US census found that there were 237,000 Indians in North America. This dwarves anything that Hitler ever did. What is interesting about the American architects of genocide is that they don't even feel the need to use euphemisms. They openly called for the "extermination" of the Indian, while nobody can find a single statement by Hitler that is so blunt".

-- Ward Churchill

Since the extremes of the American and German holocausts, Western civilization has pulled back some. Our leaders have decided physical conquest is bad, disposing bodies requires too much paperwork, perhaps,but economic conquest is another matter. To build our factories and shopping malls, we exploit the world's poor people, suck up their natural resources, and demolish the earth's environment.

We do this in the name of the god Progress, our golden idol. We must have our luxury houses, well-manicured lawns, and SUVs, and our leaders must have profits to satisfy their shareholders or campaign contributors. They give us what we want and vice versa.

Hitler wasn't an aberration. He was the ultimate product of Western civilization, the Über-American. We have met the enemy, and he was us.

For the European descendants, it is possible to be seduced by notions that the United States is democratic and civilized. In reality, it is a country that is based on conquest and genocide.

One of the unfortunate features is the notion of the United States as a beacon on the hill, or as James Axtell puts it, "a huge nation of law and order and increasingly refined sensibility." On the contrary, the United States has come into existence by breaking sacred laws and by betraying a sensibility on a par with the SS or Attila the Hun. All the rest is sheer cosmetics.

Mass slaughtering other people, by genocide, is standard practice for vast numbers of people, across the centuries. Crusades, wars, conquest, expansionism, slavery, "Manifest Destiny," "Lebensraum", whatever excuse, any will suffice.

America at Columbus' time had had 150,000,000 natives, "cent cinquante millions d'hommes".

-- Dr. Hippolyte A. "Depierris", Physiologie Sociale (Paris: Dentu, 1876).

Another source says 100 million.

-- George Monbiot, 'Review of Avatar' ("The Guardian", 11 January 2010), citing Prof. David E. Stannard, "American Holocaust: The Conquest of the New World" (Oxford Univ. Press, 1992) (Excerpts). See also his video lecture "American Holocaust: The Destruction of America's Native Peoples" (Vanderbilt Univ., 30 October 2008).

The Spanish conquistadores (are) reported to have killed tens of millions of Indians in the 1500's, via smallpox, anthrax, brucellosis, leptospirosis, trichinosis, and tuberculosis."

--Charles C. Mann, '1491', "Atlantic Monthly" (#3)  (March 2002)

Note that "it was America that amassed a history of xenophopbia and genocide that impressed even Adolf Hitler. 150 years later nearly 90% of those Native Americans were gone, mostly due to diseases brought by the white invaders. After 1630, white Americans resorted to more aggressive genocide. Aside from the dozens of major anti-Indian wars sponsored by the U.S. government, American citizens in general . . . often went out of their way to slaughter Indians. Innocent Indians. Indian women and children asleep at night in their tipis. Even Indians under flags of truce. . . . 'poisoned meat and drink, smallpox-infected blankets (The first example of germ warfare in the U.S. was in 1763 when some of the European colonists gave friendly Indians a number of blankets that had been infected with smallpox, causing many deaths), booby-trapped bodies, cannon charged with slugs, dogs unleashed on captives, and the execution of the wounded, women and children. . . . Indian women with children were dispatched with no more compunction than stray dogs. . . . Some white men . . . wrote a disgusted . . . missionary . . . "kill Indians just to try their pistols."

-- Prof. Michael P. Ghiglieri, Ph.D., "The Dark Side of Man" (Reading, MA.: Perseus Books, 1999)

Poisoning has a long record of being used against one's enemies. For example, in 1623, British negotiators of a treaty with Indians near the Potomac River, under Chief Chiskiack, offered a toast "symbolizing eternal friendship." The British poisoned the Indians' food. The Indians (chief, family, advisers, and two hundred in the retinue), then died immediately of poisoning!

-- J. Leitch Wright, Jr., "The Only Land They Knew" (New York: Free Press, 1981)

By the 1890's, only about 250,000 Indians survived, says Richard Thornton, "American Indian Holocaust and Survival" (1987), and Richard Maybury, "The Indian Wars" (2006), citing Stannard, "American Holocaust", supra, p. 146.

The U.S. Cavalry in the late nineteenth century was primarily a government instrument of genocide. As directed by Washington, D.C., it nearly extirpated all Plains Indians . . . By 1864, for example, General Philip Sheridan voiced U.S. policy this way: 'The only good Indian I ever saw was dead.' This was reworded to become the maxim of the U.S. Army: 'The only good Indian is a dead Indian.' A more concise formula for genocide would be hard to find.

The U.S. had used genocide against the Indians in the U.S., under politicians that treated Indians like they'd treated blacks. Remember Dred Scott v Sandford, 60 US 393, 407; 15 L Ed 691, 701 (1857), people with "no rights which [anyone] was bound to respect; and . . . might justly and lawfully be reduced to slavery for his benefit . . . ." Slavery included genocide, killing tens of millions. Killing Indians, expanding slavery, taking others' land and property, both were standard U.S. polices, for American "Lebensraum" expansion, "Manifest Destiny."

Hitler called Germany's "Manifest Destiny" Lebensraum. As a matter of perspective, America's Lebensraum policy, "Manifest Destiny," had violently expanded the US from a sliver of 13 colonies along the Atlantic, to continent-wide over the dead bodies of Indians, Blacks, and Mexicans.

Hitler claimed to have gotten his inspiration for the "final solution" from the extermination of Native Americans in the U.S.

Some "methods [of the 'Final Solution'] were inspired by the U.S. government's subjugation of the American Indian."

Hitler "admired the [U.S. approach] for the Indians in the Wild West; and often praised to his inner circle the efficiency of America's extermination—by starvation and uneven combat—of the [Indians]."


-- John Toland, "Adolf Hitler".

The U.S. has the world's record for genocide of Indians, about 15,000,000. 


Slavery in the U.S. 

Robert R. Kuczynski, the world-known authority on migration statistics, estimated that a minimum of 15 million slaves landed alive. Because of the brutal treatment on transport and the conditions of crossing, the total number of people of which the African continent was depleted amounted . . . to several times more.

Carter G. Woodson [1875-1950], in "Negro in Our History", estimated the total at 50 million, while W. E. DuBois, in 'The Negro', gives the figure of 60 million.

—Peter M. Bergman, "The Chronological History of the Negro in America" [New York: Harper & Row, 1969]

Concern, however inadequately expressed, about the holocaust-level casualties is reported as long ago as 1700.

— Samuel Sewall, "The Selling of Joseph: A Memorial" (Boston: Green and Allen, 1700).

See also Harriet Beecher Stowe, Key (Boston: John P. Jewett & Co, 1853); John Wesley, cited by Rev. Parker Pillsbury, "Anti-Slavery Apostles" (1883), and Dorothy Schneider and Carl J. Schneider, "An Eyewitness History of Slavery in America From Colonial Times to the Civil War" (New York: Checkmark Books, 2000, 2001), p 38 (citing "the total number of slaving trips to the New World between 1527 and 1866 at 27,233. Almost 12 million slaves were embarked from Africa, and about one and a half million died on the Middle Passage.")

Such large numbers of deaths were “expected,” foreseeable, “natural and probable consequences” of conditions, not “accidental,” and were thus “intentional” and “premeditated.


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The Illuminati was a secret society in Bavaria in the late 18th century. They had a political agenda that included republicanism and abolition of monarchies, which they tried to institute by means of "subterfuge, secrecy, and conspiracy," including the infiltration of other organizations.They fancied themselves to be "enlightened" but they had little success and were destroyed within fifteen years of their origin

Paranoid conspiracy theorists (PCTs) believe the Illuminati cabal still exists, either in its original form or as a paradigm for later cabals. Many PCTs believe "that large Jewish banking families have been orchestrating various political revolutions and machinations throughout Europe and America since the late eighteenth century, with the ultimate aim of bringing about a satanic New World Order
 
In the paranoid mind, the Illuminati succeeded in their goals, and have now infiltrated every government and every aspect of society. They are responsible for every evil and every unjust act that ever occurs anywhere; the fact that absolutely no evidence of their existence can be found only serves to make them stronger and more frightening. They are the demon in the closet, and will probably never disappear from the paranoid fantasy world of right-wing conspiracy theorists.

-- New England Skeptical Society

The New World Order
The Rise of Hitler and Pearl Harbor

Since the Persian Gulf War, the term "New World Order" has become well known. However, there has never really been an explanation as to what the term meant, only that it represented a new spirit of co-operation among the nations of the world in order to further the cause of peace. And peace is good, so therefore the New World Order is good and should be accepted. Not so fast. Like the old saying, you can't tell a book by its cover, there is more here than meets the eye.

The term "New World Order" was actually first used many years ago. Adolf Hitler said: "National Socialism will use its own revolution for the establishing of a New World Order". The "Associated Press" reported that on 26 July 1968, New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller said in a speech to the International Platform Association at the Sheraton Park Hotel in New York, that "as President he would work toward international creation of a New World Order."

World War II  

As a youth, Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) fled Austria, and went to Germany to escape the draft. He was arrested, and in February 1914, a report was put in his file, which read in part:

"Unfit for military or auxiliary service; too weak; incapable of bearing arms".

This was the man that the Illuminati would choose to further their goals. As a puppet of the Illuminati, he was used to set the stage for the conflict which would eventually lead to the establishment of the United Nations, a major step towards one-world government; and to shame the world into allowing the State of Israel to be established.

Edward George Bulwer-Lytton (1803-73), a graduate of Cambridge University, and a Mason, who became a member of the British Parliament, wrote a novel in 1871 called "Vril: The Power of the Coming Race", about a super-race of white Aryans that took control of the world. Researchers consider him responsible for the birth of the Nazi movement, because Hitler was said to have been influenced by this book, and another novel, "Rienzi: The Last of the Roman Tribunes", which was adapted into a major opera by German composer Richard Wagner. After seeing "Rienzi" for the first time in November, 1906, Hitler talked about a mandate which, one day, he would receive from the people, to lead them out of servitude to the heights of freedom. He believed that he would be entrusted with a special mission. He later told Frau Wagner, the composer's widow: "In that hour it began" (the Nazi movement known as National Socialism.

History shows that Hitler ordered the death of six million Jews during the Holocaust in Europe. Why he did, has become a mystery, since it really hasn't been established that he had an intense hatred for Jews.

A U.S. Office of Strategic Services psychological report by Walter C. Langer, later published as "The Mind of Adolf Hitler", says that the young Hitler was befriended by Jewish art dealers who paid generously for his mediocre watercolors. Because of his financial situation, a Jewish landlady charged him only a nominal rent, and even moved out of her apartment on one occasion so that Hitler and a friend could have more room. A Jewish used-clothing dealer gave him a long black overcoat, which he wore constantly. When he was a lance-corporal during World War I, Hitler was awarded the Iron Cross (First and Second Class), a rare honor for a soldier of such low rank, who hadn't really done anything to deserve such a distinction. He learned later, that the commendation was the result of the efforts of the regimental adjutant, Hugo Gutmann, a Jew.

When the 1914 -1918 war broke out, a war described by Field-Marshall Lord Allenby as 'a lengthy period of general insanity', Hitler, believing the war would set everything to right expressed himself thus:

"For me it was a deliverance. I am not ashamed to say it today: I fell on my knees and thanked God".

Ordinarily Hitler need not have been destined for the armed forces as for many years he had been afflicted with tuberculosis. However on 5 February 1914, months before war broke out and there being any necessity for him to take up arms in defence of his country the twenty-five year old Adolf Hitler applied for military service and was turned away as 'Unfit for the army or auxiliary corps. Too weak. Rejected.'

Doing everything in his power to overturn this rejection, on 3 August 1914 Adolf Hitler sent a personal letter to the King of Bavaria begging him to be allowed to enlist as a volunteer. His plea was accepted and he joined the 6th Battalion of the 2nd Bavarian Infantry Regiment.

After its first engagement against the British and Belgians near Pyres, 2500 of the 3000 men in the Hitler's regiment were killed, wounded or missing. Hitler escaped without a scratch. Throughout most of the war Hitler had great luck avoiding life threatening injury. More than once, he moved away from a spot where moments later a shell exploded killing or wounding everyone.

After the war he told G. Ward Price, an English reporter, how once he was eating his dinner with his comrades in a trench. "Suddenly a voice seemed to be saying to me, 'Get up and go over there.' It was so clear and insistent that I obeyed automatically, as if it had been a military order. I rose at once to my feet and walked twenty yards along the trench, carrying my dinner in its tin can with me. Then I sat down to go on eating, my mind being once more at rest. Hardly had I done so when a flash and deafening report came from the part of the trench I had just left. A stray shell had burst over the group in which I had been sitting, and every member of it was killed."

On 20 October 1914, during the German advance on France and confrontation with the equally belligerent 2,000,000 strong British army of the empire, Hitler in a letter to Frau Popp, his landlady, confessed:

"I find it hard to contain my enthusiasm. How many times have I wished to test my strength and prove my national faith!"

For four long years Hitler fought along the frontline trenches of the Western Front's most furiously contested battlefronts. These apocalyptic conflicts included the names of places still renowned for their valour and sheer scale of lives lost. All grace the colours of many a regiment. Yser, Ypres, Flanders, Neuve Chapelle, La Bassee, Arras, Artuis, Somme, Fromelles, Alsace Lorraine, Aillette, Montdidier, Soissons, Rheims, Oise, Marne, Champagne, Vosle, Monchy, Bapaume.

During those terrible years the future leader of the German people displayed exemplary courage in a conflict that involved more than forty battles. He was wounded on 5 October 1916 and hospitalised for two months. Then he was back at the front until 15 October 1918, about two months after winning the Iron Cross, when he was blinded by mustard gas during a battle. He was taken to the Pasewalk military hospital in northern Germany where he was diagnosed as suffering from "psychopathic hysteria."

Hitler was consequently placed under the care of a psychiatrist, Dr. Edmund Forster. What exactly was done to Hitler while under Dr. Forster's care is uncertain because years later, in 1933, the Gestapo rounded up all psychiatric records related to Hitler's treatment and destroyed them. Dr. Forster "committed suicide" in that same year.

Throughout the course of the war he was cited for valour and distinguished conduct in the field. He was awarded the Iron Cross 2nd class on 2 December 1914. He was also awarded the Bavarian Military Medal 3rd class with bar, and later the Iron Cross 1st class. He received, as did all wounded soldiers, the Cross of Military Merit.

Lieutenant Colonel Godin, in his official request that Hitler be awarded the Iron Cross 1st Class, stated:

"He was a model of coolness and courage in both trench warfare and assault combat. He was always ready to volunteer for carrying messages in the most difficult and dangerous situations".

On awarding this recognition Colonel Anton Tubeuf further stated:

"He was always ready to help out in any situation, always volunteered for the most difficult and most arduous, and the most dangerous missions, and to risk his life and well-being for the Fatherland. On a human level, I felt closer to him than to any of the other men".

Of him World War One veteran Colonel Spatny, then in command of the 16th Regiment, was equally affirmative:

"Hitler inspired all his comrades. His fearless courage and devotion to duty, particularly in combat impressed them. His qualifications, modesty, and his admirable sobriety earned him the greatest respect of his comrades and superiors alike".

Werner Maser, former head of the Institute of Contemporary History at the University of Munich, has written a large neutral biography called "Hitler, Legend, Myth and Reality" (Harper and Row, 1971). The objective record is clear:

"Hitler's wartime record - campaigns, decorations, wounds, periods in hospital and on leave, is fully documented. In addition there is evidence to show that he was comradely, level headed and an unusually brave soldier, and that a number of his commanding officers singled him out for special mention".

And in 1922, at a time when Hitler was still unknown, General Friedrich Petz summarised the High Command's appreciation of the gallant and self-effacing corporal as follows:

"Hitler was quick in mind and body and had great powers of endurance. His most remarkable qualities were his personal courage and daring which enabled him to face any combat or perilous situation whatsoever".

Even those historians least favourably disposed towards Adolf Hitler, such as Joachim Fest, conceded that "
Hitler was a courageous and efficient soldier and was always a good comrade".

The same historian noted:

"The courage and the composure with which he faced the most deadly fire made him seem invulnerable to his comrades. As long as Hitler is near us, nothing will happen to us, they kept repeating. It appears that made a deep impression on Hitler and reinforced his belief that he had been charged with a special mission".

John Toland, another respected but hardly revisionist historian wrote:

"In the course of the preceding months he had escaped death on innumerable occasions. It was as though he had been wearing a good luck charm".

The noted French historian, Raymond Cartier ruefully mused that "Corporal Hitler was in all probability one of the German soldiers who got closest to Paris in 1918".

The times that Hitler cheated death became a legend that has baffled historians ever since. Typically in one corner of conflict the troops of List Regiment were held down in shell craters, the trenches having already been destroyed, among the ruins of a village called Le Barque. Of the nine regimental couriers seven had just been killed. In the command post, such as it was, there were ten officers and two couriers. Suddenly a British bomb exploded at the entrance to the refuge. There was just one survivor, Adolf Hitler.

During his years at the front, as many pictures testify, Adolf Hitler far from being a loner was very comradely. Ever his own man his daily routines were characterized by civility. He never was known for embracing trench crudities or brothel humour, and was generous to a fault. Yet despite having a personality that usually draws disdain the soldier Adolf Hitler was highly respected by his comrades.

Even Sebastian Haffner, a Jewish writer and fanatical Hitler hater, was forced to admit "
Hitler had a fierce courage unmatched by anyone at the time or since".

Another Jew by the name of Karl Hanisch, who shared lodgings with Hitler, recalled him as "
pleasant and likeable man who took an interest in the welfare of all his companions".

He later recalled that his fellow lodger "
was neither proud nor arrogant, and he was always available and willing to help. If someone needed fifty Hellers to pay for another night's lodging, Hitler would always give whatever he had in his pocket without another thought. On several occasions I personally saw him take the initiative and pass the hat for such a collection".

Hitler's war heroism is a matter of record and it was only when he entered politics, in a bid to stem his rising popularity, that is was ever questioned. Typically however detractors were forced to recant and pay damages. Historians have noted that Adolf Hitler was born poor and died poor. In fact he was the only statesman who never had a bank account.

When he became Führer, Hitler hired a Jewish maid to do his cooking. On one occasion, when it was suggested that he get rid of her, he became furious. Dr. Eduard Bloch, a Jewish physician, had been the Hitler family doctor since Hitler was a child. Bloch had treated Hitler's mother when she was dying of cancer. After her funeral, Hitler accompanied his sisters to thank him, and said: "I shall be grateful to you forever". He sent the doctor two postcards, one that he hand painted. Both of them said: "From your ever grateful patient, Adolf Hitler".

Klara Hitler went to see Dr. Edward Bloch on 14 January 1907 when as she had abnormal pain in her chest. Dr. Bloch, who was Jewish, discovered that Hitler's mother was diagnosed with breast cancer. Klara's son, Adolf immediately returned home from Vienna and took care of his ill mother. A surgery was done on Klara and one of her breasts was removed, but even as Dr. Bloch tried his best to save young Hitler's mother, it was already too late as the cancer was on advanced stage where it was unlikely for her to survive. As drastic action was needed to save Klara Hitler, Dr. Bloch recommended a painful and expensive treatment in which the ill Klara was applied daily dosages of idoform,  a foul-smelling and painful corrosive treatment typically used at the time , directly onto the ulcerations that caused the cancer. The young Adolf did whatever it took to try to save her mother, the one whom he truly respected. Nevertheless, Klara's situation worsened, and on 21 December 1907 she died. Adolf and his sister Paula were responsible to pay Dr. Bloch the medical bill. Dr. Bloch, who was touched by Adolf's love and care for his mother and how devastated was he after his mother's death, gave them a generous discount of the medical charge. Adolf Hitler  said,  "I shall be grateful to you forever,"  ("Ich werde Ihnen ewig dankbar sein") to Dr. Bloch. 

This showed in 1908 when Hitler wrote Bloch a postcard assuring him of his gratitude and reverence which he expressed with handmade gifts, as for example, a large wall painting which according to Bloch's daughter, Gertrude (Trude) Kren, was lost in the course of time. Even in 1937, Hitler inquired about Bloch's well-being and called him an "Edeljude" ("noble Jew"). Bloch also apparently had a special fondness for the Hitler family which was to serve him well in the future.

After Germany's union with Austria in March 1938 (Anschluss) life became harder for Austrian Jews. After Bloch's medical practice was closed on 1 October 1938, his daughter and son-in-law, Bloch's young colleague Dr. Franz Kren, emigrated overseas.

The 62-year-old Bloch then wrote a letter to Hitler asking for help and was as a consequence put under special protection by the Gestapo. He was the only Jew in Linz with this status. Bloch stayed in his house with his wife undisturbed until the formalities for his emigration to the United States were completed. Without any interference from the authorities, they were able to sell their family home at market value, highly unusual with the distress sales of emigrating Jews at the time. However, they were allowed to take only the equivalent of 16 Reichsmark out of the country; the usual amount allowed to Jews was a mere 10 Reichsmark..

In 1940 Bloch emigrated to the USA and settled in the Bronx, in, New York City but was no longer able to practice medicine as his medical degree from Austria-Hungary was not recognized. He died of stomach cancer in 1945 at age 73, barely a month after Hitler's death.

Despite the obvious affection Hitler showed to Bloch, the historian Rudolph Binion  believes that he was one of the contributing factors to Hitler's anti-Semitism that later resulted in the Holocaust. Historian Brigitte Hamann takes the opposite view, arguing that Hitler's anti-Semitism coalesced later, after Hitler's years in Vienn.

Hitler had even wondered if he himself was Jewish. This idea stemmed from the fact that Hitler's father, Alois, was illegitimate, and the identity of his grandfather had never been established. During Hitler's rise to power, his half-brother's son threatened to reveal that Hitler was of Jewish ancestry. One investigation discovered that Hitler's grandfather had been the son of a Jewish family called Frankenburger, in Graz, who employed Hitler's grandmother, Maria Anna Schicklgruber, as a maid. She had become pregnant by their son, while she was working in their home. The family sent her money for a year and a half to help support the child. Another investigation said that Alois was conceived in Vienna, where Hitler's grandfather was employed as a servant in the home of Baron Rothschild. Maria was sent home to Spital, where Hitler's father was born.

The idea that the nemesis of the Jews of Europe was, according the logic of his own Nuremberg laws, a ‘quarter-Jew’ himself dates back to the attempt of some of his opponents to prevent Hitler from coming to power. As Hitler’s father was born out of wedlock, the claim was that Hitler had been fathered by the head of the Jewish household for which Hitler’s grandmother Maria Anna had worked for a while.

If the results of the unethical DNA testing of Hitler’s Austrian and American relatives, carried out a few years ago by the Belgian journalist Jean-Paul Mulders, are to be trusted, we now finally know for certain that the step-father of Hitler’s father was indeed his biological father and therefore Hitler did not have a Jewish grand-father. Yet what may be more important than the question of whether objectively speaking Hitler had a Jewish grandfather is what Hitler himself thought of the matter. It is likely Hitler feared being the grandson of a Jew, as he seems to have commissioned Hans Frank, his chief jurist, to look into the claim that he had Jewish ancestry in 1930.

In "Hitler's War", written in 1977 by British author and historical revisionist, David Irving, he revealed that Hitler didn't order the Jewish massacres, and didn't find out about it until late in the war. There is no record of Hitler ever visiting a concentration camp, although he did watch films and see photographs.

The literally thousands of tons of paperwork which the Allies captured from the National Socialist state at the end of the second World War give us a more detailed record of the functioning of Hitler's Germany than we have for almost any other time and place. Hardly ever in history have so many raw records been released without the oversight and censorship of a self-protective government. In one respect this immense documentary treasure trove proved unsatisfactory: it contained not a trace of the plans for the extermination of the Jews, nor of the industrialized mass execution of millions of Jews in gas chambers at Auschwitz, Treblinka, etc.

Doctor Kubovy, from the Tel Aviv "Documentation Center", admitted in 1960 "There is no document signed by Hitler, Himmler or Heydrich which speaks of exterminating the Jews... and in 1981, Walter Laqueur, author of "The Terrible Secret", wrote: "Until now, we have never found Hitler's order to destroy the European Jewish community, and in all probability the order was never given".

"Were we to approach a random person on the street who happened not to have any specific knowledge of Holocaust history, and were we to ask that person to define “the Holocaust,” that person might reply, “Hitler gassed six million Jews to death” This is a massive over simplification of the events that encompassed the Holocaust. Furthermore, it is factually incorrect. First, in dealing with the normative history, according to Holocaust historian Raul Hilberg, roughly half of all Jewish deaths in the Holocaust took place entirely outside the concentration camps. Even all of the deaths that did take place in the camps were not the result of the use of poison gas.

"Thus the statement that six million Jews were gassed is untrue. More important to the subject at hand, however, the “man-on-the-street” definition is a classic under-definition of the Holocaust because it fails to include various killing techniques used besides poison gas, it fixes the death toll at an exact figure (rather than a range), and it leaves out all of the other participants in the Holocaust and lays blame solely on Hitler".

--Andrew E. Mathis, "General Semantics and Holocaust Denial"

So what turned Hitler against the Jews, if indeed he was; or was there someone else making decisions for him?

As early as 1919, he spoke of removing Jews altogether; and in his book "Mein Kampf", written while he was in prison in 1924, for the 'Beer Hall Putsch', spoke of the overthrow of 'World Jewry':

"I believe that I am today acting according to the purposes of the almighty Creator. In resisting the Jew, I am fighting the Lord's battle".

On 30 January 1939, he said in a speech to the Reichstag:

"Today I want to be a prophet once more: if international finance Jewry inside and outside of Europe should succeed once more in plunging nations into another world war, the consequence will not be the bolshevization of the earth and thereby the victory of Jewry, but the annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe".

In a public speech in Munich, on 8 November 1942, he said that "International Jewry will be recognized in its full demonic peril; we National Socialists would see to that".

Hitler had read the "Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion", and in 1942, was told by Himmler, that they were forged, however, Hitler disregarded that fact and said: "We shall regain our health only by eliminating the Jew". He attributed the weakness of the German economy to the Jews, and considered the Treaty of Versailles, a Jewish document. He even accused the Jews of spreading communism; yet in a speech on 5 February 1941, said that "basically, National Socialism (Naziism) and Communism are the same".

Why does the life of Hitler seem to be a series of contradictions? One clue was revealed in "The Secret Diaries of Hitler's Doctor", written in 1983 by David Irving, which revealed that Hitler had taken 75 different medications. He was given strychnine and belladonna (for gas), cocaine and adrenalin (for conjunctivitis), amphetamines, painkillers, and sedatives, including Eukodal, a synthetic morphine derivative. One has to wonder if Hitler was even aware of what he was being given. Were they being given to him for the sole purpose of making him mentally unstable, so he could be controlled by advisors, who were acting on behalf of the forces that Hitler wrongly identified as the Jewish bankers.

There may also be a more sinister reason which contributed to Hitler's state of mind. Hitler and some of his officers had been linked to various occult groups and the use of the swastika gave evidence of that. In its normal usage, it is a sign of the power of light; but in its reverse form, as used by the Nazis, it represents the power of darkness. According to writer Joseph Carr:

"We know that Hitler and his top luminaries were either dabblers in the occult, or, outright Satanists".

As a youth, Hitler had been influenced by George Lanz von Liebenfels, an Austrian magician who in 1907 founded 'The Order of the New Templars', which used the Swastika as its emblem. He wrote in a 1932 letter that Hitler was one of his pupils and that one day he would "develop a movement that will make the world tremble".

Hitler joined a secret group in 1919, called the Thule Society, which practiced black magic and worshipped Satan. They wanted to form a political party to rally the people against communism. Its members were drawn from the upper echelon of Society. The founder, Dietrich Eckart, was one of the seven founding members of the Nazi Party, and said on his deathbed:

"Follow Hitler. He will dance, but it is I who have called the tune! I have initiated him into the 'Secret Doctrine', opened his centres in vision and given him the means to communicate with the Powers. Do not mourn for me: I shall have influenced history more than any other German".

Hitler grew to fear those around him who practiced the black arts, and it was discovered that along with the Jews, Masons and occult practitioners were also killed and imprisoned in the concentration camps.

Some of the reported book burnings were actually the confiscation and destruction of Masonic libraries.

Karl Ernst Haushofer (who created the Vril Society, which made up the inner circle of the Nazi Party), also of the Thule Society, was the University professor who schooled Hitler on geopolitics. Hitler was also influenced by the writings of Friedrich Nietzsche. In 1943, Hitler's birthday gift to Mussolini, was "The Collected Works of Nietzche".

In the fall of 1919, Hitler joined the German Workers Party, and soon became one of its leaders. In the summer of 1920, it was renamed the National Socialist German Workers Party, and then in 1923, it became known as the Nazi Party.

Because of Hitler's failed November revolt, he was jailed on 1 April 1924, sentenced to five years, but was released after eight months, so he could be built up to national prominence. Though "Mein Kampf" was published as a work of Adolf Hitler while he was in prison, it was discovered later that it was actually written by Nazi politicians Rudolf Hess and Hermann Wilhelm Göring (and possibly Haushofer), as a follow-up to the Karl Marx book "A World Without Jews". The Illuminati made sure the book was well circulated, and it became the springboard for Hitler's political career.

In 1925, Dr. Carl Duisberg, I. G. Farben's first Chairman, and founder of the Bayer Co. in the United States, said:

"Be united, united, united. This should be the uninterrupted call to the parties of the Reichstag. We hope that our words of today will work, and will find the strong man who will finally bring everyone under one umbrella ... for he is always necessary for us Germans, as we have seen in the case of Bismarck".

The depressive economic situation in Germany at the time, created by the Versailles Treaty, made it possible for Hitler's leadership to take root, and he became Chancellor in January 1933.

Since 1924, the Dawes Plan flooded Germany with a tremendous amount of American capital, which enabled Germany to build its war machine. The three largest loans went into the development of industries, such as I. G. Farben Co. (the German company which became the largest corporation in Europe, and the largest chemical company in the world, after a $30 million loan from the Rockefeller's National City Bank after World War I, and who created a process of making high grade fuel from low quality coals) and Vereinigte Stahlwerke (who produced about 95% of Germany's explosives). In 1939, Standard Oil of New Jersey sold I. G. Farben $20,000 worth of high quality aviation fuel. I. G. Farben's assets in the United States were controlled by a holding company called American I. G. Farben Chemical Corp. On the Board of Directors of this corporation was Edsel Ford (President of the Ford Motor Co.), Charles E. Mitchell (President of National City Bank in New York City), Walter C. Teagle (President of Standard Oil of New York), Paul Warburg (Chairman of the Federal Reserve), and Herman Metz (Director of the Warburg's Bank of Manhattan). Several Germans on this Board were found guilty of war crimes at Nuremburg. A U.S. War Department investigation revealed that without Farben's support, 'Germany's prosecution of the war would have been unthinkable and impossible'.

Hitler received support and financing from the aristocracy and elite of Germany, including Gustav Krupp (industrialist), Carl Duisberg (founder of I.G. Farben), Ernst Tengelmann (director of the Ruhr coal mining operation), Dr. Hjalmar Schacht (prominent banker), and Fritz Thyssen (Chairman of the Board of United Steel Works, Germany's largest company). Hitler maintained that the Nazi Party would continue 'only until the German people had been freed from the threat of Marxism and could reach a decision as to whether the final form of government would be a republic or a monarchy'. Thyssen told the Kaiser that Hitler was made Chancellor only as 'a transitional stage leading to the reintroduction of the German monarchy'.

America's Ambassador to Germany, William Dodd, reported to President Roosevelt in August 1936:

"At the present moment, more than a hundred American corporations have subsidiaries here or co-operative understandings. The DuPonts have their allies in Germany that are aiding in the armament business. Their chief ally is the I. G. Farben Company (the primary supporter of Hitler) ... Standard Oil Company (of New York) sent $2,000,000 here in December, 1933, and has made $500,000 a year helping Germans make Ersatz gas for war purposes; but Standard Oil cannot take any of its earnings out of the country except in goods ... The International Harvester Company President told me their business here rose 33% a year but they could take nothing out. Even our airplane people have secret arrangements with Krupps. General Motors Company and Ford do enormous business here through subsidiaries and take no profits out. I mention these facts because they complicate things and add to war dangers".

Germany's two largest tank producers were Opel, a subsidiary of General Motors (controlled by J. P. Morgan and the du Ponts), and Ford A. G., a subsidiary of the Ford Motor Company. International Telephone and Telegraph (ITT) held a substantial interest in Focke-Wolfe, an airplane manufacturer who produced German fighter aircraft.

Prior to World War II, the Round Table organization, through various means, made sure Hitler wasn't stopped in Austria, the Rhineland, or Sudentenland. His financing was done through the Warburg-controlled Mendelsohn Bank of Amsterdam; and the J. Henry Shroeder Bank (financial agent for the Nazi government), which had branches in Frankfurt, London, and New York. The Chief Legal Counsel for the Shroeder Bank, was the firm of Sullivan and Cromwell, whose senior partners included CFR members John Foster Dulles (who was the top policy-making director for the International Nickel Co. who helped negotiate an agreement with Farben which helped the Nazis to stockpile nickel for war purposes) and his brother Allen Dulles (who was a Director on the Board of the J. Henry Shroeder Bank, and later became the head of the CIA). They were cousins to the Rockefellers (who later got a controlling interest in Farben).

Hitler indirectly received financing from the Krupps, Kennedys, and the Rothschilds. The liaison between Hitler and Wall Street was Hjalmar Horace Greely Schacht, the President of Reichsbank, who aided in the rebuilding of Germany. His father worked in the Berlin office of the Morgan-controlled Equitable Trust Co. of New York. Without a shadow of a doubt, Hitler was controlled by the Illuminati.

The Holocaust had begun with the Jews being stripped of their German citizenship; and from 1939-45, Hitler's death camps claimed the lives of six million Jews, or about 1/3 of the entire Jewish race. The world turned against him, and his actions instigated World War II, which had actually been planned years before.

Although, it is commonly stated that six million Jews were "done to death by Hitler", Gerald Reitlinger, author of "The Final Solution" has suggested a possible lower estimate of 4,194,200 "missing Jews" of whom an estimated one third died of natural causes. This would reduce the number of Jews deliberately exterminated to 2,796,000.

Professor Raul Hilberg, author of the standard reference work, "The Destruction of the European Jews", does not accept that six million Jews died. He tries to count only those who were actually captured by the Nazis and died under their control, whether by shooting, gas, starvation, or disease, and puts the total of deaths (from all causes) at 5.1 million. This figure includes "over 800,000" who died from 'Ghettoization and general privation'".

According to Hilberg, 2.67 million out of the total 5.1 million Jewish victims were murdered in six camps which the orthodox historians call "extermination camps", a term found in no German wartime document. This means that 2.43 million Holocaust victims must have met their fate outside these "extermination centers".

Daniel Jonah Goldhagen in his book "Hitler's Willing Executioners"  writes that "Contrary to both scholarly and popular treatments of the Holocaust, gassing was really epiphenomenal [a minor method] to the German's slaughter of Jews". [Also quoted in "Der Spiegel" 21/1996]

Princeton University historian Professor Arno Mayer in, "Why Did the Heavens Not Darken?: The "Final Solution" in History". acknowledged,  that most of the Jews who died at Auschwitz were victims of typhus and other "natural" causes, not gas chambers. "From 1942 to 1945," wrote Mayer, "certainly at Auschwitz, but probably overall, more Jews were killed by so-called 'natural' causes than by 'unnatural ones'."

Jacques Attali (a Jewish businessman and historian) decreed:

"The immense majority of Jews murdered were killed by German soldiers' and military policemen's individual weapons, between 1940 and 1942, and not by the death-works, which were put into place afterwards".

-- 'Groupes de criminels?', "L'Express", 1 June 2006

Another reason for World War II, was to make it possible for Russia, our ally at the time, to gain strength and receive recognition as a world power. Although they were our ally, they were still a Communist nation, with growing designs on world domination. There is an incredible amount of evidence that indicates the willingness of our government to allow the spread of Communism, because of the efforts of Communists who had been employed and were acting on behalf of the Illuminati.

In May 1943 the Allies had pushed the Germans out of Africa, invading Sicily in June, and in September, pushed their way through Italy, on the way to Southern Germany, their weakest point. However, the U.S. withdrew troops from the invasion force so they could be used in a later invasion of France. In his 1950 book "Calculated Risk", Gen. Mark Clark said that this decision was 'made at high level and for reasons beyond my field and knowledge'. Churchill had wanted the attack to 'bring the Central European and Balkan countries under Allied control, before they were allowed to slip into Red slavery'. But instead, under the leadership of Gen. Dwight David Eisenhower, the German advance was spread out, which allowed the Russian forces to advance. Was this an intentional move on the part of the United States to allow the Russians an opportunity to pursue their ulterior motives. It certainly seems so.

In the spring of 1943, a faction within the German Secret Service was prepared to assassinate Hitler, and surrender, on one condition that the Soviets would not be allowed to advance into Central Europe. Roosevelt refused to accept, and postponed a planned European invasion, in order to give the Russians more time to advance, and occupy more land. According to military documents released in 1970, Gen. Eisenhower allowed the Russians to get to Berlin first, before the Americans, which eventually allowed part of the city to fall under Communist control.

Russia was able to come away from 1945 Conference in Yalta with so much, because Roosevelt believed that the Russians were perfectly friendly:

"They aren't trying to gobble up the rest of Europe. These fears that have been expressed by a lot of people here that the Russians are going to try and dominate Europe, I personally don't think there is anything do it ... I have just a hunch that Stalin ... doesn't want anything but security for his country, and I think that if I give him everything I possibly can, and ask nothing in return, he won't try to annex anything and will work for a world of democracy and peace".

Russia walked away from the bargaining table with Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, eastern Poland, east and central Europe, N. Korea, the Kuril Islands, and the northern part of Sakhalin.

An American General, Albert C. Wedemeyer, was convinced that Russia was the only winner of World War II.

He said:

"Stalin was intent on creating favorable conditions for the realization of Communist aims throughout the Balkans and Western Europe. He emerged as the only winner of the War. We insured the emergence of a more hostile, menacing predatory power than Nazi Germany, one which has enslaved more people than we liberated".

Gen. George S. Patton wanted to retire because he planned on being able to speak his mind about America being 'soft on Communism'. However, before resigning his Commission, he died after an automobile accident forced him to be hospitalized. In 1979, Douglas Bazata, a former Secret Service agent for the Office of Strategic Services (OSS, the predecessor of the CIA) revealed that he was ordered by the Director 'Wild Bill' Donovan to kill Patton in 1944. Although he didn't, he knows who did, and said that Patton was killed with cyanide at the hospital he was taken to after the accident.

Frank Murphy, appointed by Roosevelt to the post of Attorney General in 1938, and later, as a Supreme Court Justice, told Congressman Martin Dies:

"We're doomed! The United States is doomed! The Communists have control completely ... They've got control of Roosevelt and his wife as well".

In 1949, upon waiting to be released from a Detroit hospital, he "died" of a heart attack.

James Forrestal, a partner and President of Dillon, Read and Company, was appointed Secretary of the Navy in 1944, then the Secretary of Defense in 1947, till Truman asked him to resign in 1949. After the War, he became dedicated to destroying Communism, because it seemed as though the United States was constantly yielding to them. Truman believed Forrestal was under a lot of mental stress, and had him admitted to the U.S. Naval Hospital at Bethesda, Maryland.

His personal diaries, consisting of 15 loose-leaf binders, about 3,000 pages, were removed from his office at the Pentagon, and held at the White House. Forrestal had told a friend that he was being followed, and that his phone was tapped. He noticed the beginnings of the Korean War, fifteen months before it actually started.

Once he was in the hospital, he was allowed no visitors. On 22 May 1949, his brother, Henry Forrestal, decided to take his brother for a ride into the country. That same day, James Forrestal, allegedly jumped from the 16th floor of the hospital. Found on a third floor projection, the cord of his bathrobe was tied around his neck, and the hospital released a statement that he committed suicide, even though there was not enough evidence to prove that he had.

In 1951, his diaries were published by Viking Press, but they were heavily censored by the White House, the Pentagon, and Walter Millis, of the "New York Tribune", so the full story could never be known. His family priest, Monsignor Maurice S. Sheehy said:

"Many, many times in his letters to me, Jim Forrestal wrote anxiously and fearfully and bitterly of the enormous harm that had been; and was unceasingly being done, by men in high office in the United States government, who he was convinced were Communists or under the influence of Communists, and who he said were shaping the policies of the United States government to aid Soviet Russia and harm the United States".

To this day, Forrestal continues to be labeled as being insane, and the cause of his death remains unknown.

Towards the end of 1949, three men visited the office of Sen. Joseph McCarthy to show him an FBI report detailing the Communist penetration of the State Department and other government spy networks. On 9 February  1950, in a speech before the Ohio County Women's Republican Club of Wheeling, West Virginia, he said:

"I have in my hand 57 cases of individuals who would appear to be either card-carrying members or certainly loyal to the Communist Party, but who nevertheless are still helping to shape our foreign policy".

A Special Subcommittee of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee was established to investigate where there were disloyal people employed at the State Department. However, instead of investigating the accusations, they investigated McCarthy, and a wave of anti-McCarthy sentiment swept the country. On 23 September1950, McCarthy revealed what would happen because of the Yalta Conference in 1945:

"Here was signed the death warrant of the young men who were dying today in the hills and valleys of Korea. Here was signed the death warrant of the young men who will die tomorrow in the jungles of Indochina. (Vietnam)".

McCarthy was accused of smearing the reputation of innocent people, and on 30 July 1954, Sen. Ralph Flanders introduced a resolution condemning him for 'conduct unbecoming a member'. The speech by Flanders was written by the National Committee for an Effective Congress, which had been created by Arthur Goldsmith, who compiled the charges against McCarthy. He was originally charged with 46 counts, but after the hearings, only two remained, and the Senate voted only to 'censure' him, which is a milder punishment than 'condemning' him.

McCarthy died on 2 May 1957 at the Bethesda Naval Hospital of 'acute hepatic failure'. No autopsy was ever performed, leading many to believe that he was killed because he was closer to the truth the most people ever dreamed. Of the 81 security risks that McCarthy said was in the State Department, by November, 1954, they had all been removed, either by dismissal or resignation. Over a year later, the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee revealed that they had a list of 847 security risks in the State Department.

Louis Budenz, a former Communist, said:

"The destruction of Joe McCarthy leaves the way open to intimidate any person of consequence who moves against the Conspiracy. The Communists made him their chief target because they wanted him a symbol to remind political leaders in America not to harm the Conspiracy or its world conquest designs".

All of this information should proves the contention, that the invisible forces at work within our government used World War II as a means of promoting the Russian goal of conquest, and allowed the spread of Communist propaganda.

The Deception of Pearl Harbor

In the Pacific Theater, the stirrings of World War II actually began years before. China had allowed Japan to drill for oil in several provinces, because Standard Oil's price for kerosene was too high. Through contacts in the Chinese government, Standard Oil had been able to keep anyone from drilling, until the Japanese came and developed huge fields. Standard Oil pushed them out, but the Japanese vowed to return, even going as far as saying that they would seize China to recover their oil investments.

When the Japanese invaded China in the 1930's, one of their first acts was to destroy Standard Oil property, because they had been responsible for their ouster.

In 1931, Henry L. Stimson, the Secretary of State (a Rockefeller lawyer and agent), met with President Herbert Hoover, on behalf of the Illuminati, to make a deal. The international bankers promised to end the Depression if Hoover would declare war on Japan, and send in the military to protect Standard Oil property. Even though Hoover accommodated the bankers in many cases, this was one deal that he refused.

So Stimson pitched the idea to Governor Franklin Delano Roosevelt (who has a dozen U. S. Presidents in his family tree), who was indebted to them because of his philanthropic operation at Georgia's Warm Springs.

Roosevelt was born at Hyde Park, New York, in 1882. He graduated from Harvard, received a law degree from Columbia Law School, and in 1910, was elected to the New York State Senate (re-elected in 1912). He was appointed Assistant Secretary of the Navy by Wilson in 1913, on orders from Col. House. According to House biographer Arthur D. Howden Smith, Col. House 'picked Roosevelt as a natural candidate for the Presidency long before any other responsible politician'. In the 1920 Presidential election, Roosevelt was James Cox' running mate, but the Democratic team suffered from the mistakes of the Wilson Administration, and lost miserably to the Harding-Coolidge ticket. Roosevelt later became a two-term governor of New York. After the 1932 Democratic convention in Chicago, where Roosevelt became the Party's nominee, he met with Col. House at his Massachusetts home. House told another biographer, Charles Seymour, in 1938:

"I was close to the movement that nominated Roosevelt ... He has given me a free hand in advising (Secretary of State, Cordell) Hull. All the Ambassadors have reported to me frequently".

The Illuminati put all their political power behind Roosevelt to get him elected, and in 1940, Roosevelt appointed Stimson (a CFR member) to the post of Secretary of War, even though he was a Republican. House, who was 75 years old, didn't become Roosevelt's 'alter ego'. That role was filled by another Wilson advisor, Bernard Baruch, who became the liaison between Roosevelt and the bankers. FDR's uncle, Frederic Delano, was a member of the Federal Reserve Board, and in 1925, became the Chairman of the League of Nations Committee. In 1934, he was appointed as Chairman of the National Resources Planning Board, and in 1936, became Chairman of the Federal Reserve Bank in Richmond, Virginia.

Roosevelt was a 32nd degree Mason, a Knight Templar, and a member of the Shrine. He is a direct descendent of socialist Clinton B. Roosevelt, the New York assemblyman who wrote "The Science of Government Founded in Natural Law", where he revealed a plan for world government. Clinton Roosevelt and Horace Greeley (founder and owner of the "New York Tribune" and "New Yorker Magazine") were the pioneers of social engineering research. In the February, 1953 edition of the "Empire State Mason", the official publication of the Grand Lodge of New York, the claim was made that if one-world government ever came about, FDR should get much of the credit.

In 1932, Major General Smedley Butler of the U. S. Marine Corps was approached by Grayson Mallet-Provost Murphy (a director of Guaranty Trust), Robert S. Clark (a banker who inherited a fortune from the founder of the Singer Sewing Machine Co.), and John W. Davis (a 1924 Presidential candidate, who was an attorney for J. P. Morgan), with a plan to lead a revolution to overthrow the government and establish a Fascist dictatorship, Butler was to 'seize the White House with a private army (of 500,000 veterans), hold Franklin Roosevelt prisoner, and get rid of him if he refused to serve as their puppet in a dictatorship they planned to impose and control'. Butler chose to expose the plot, rather than lead it, supposedly because of his patriotism. Or was it because he recognized their true aim, which was for Roosevelt to impose a dictatorship during a national emergency, so the government could take complete control. Butler is on record as having said: "War was largely a matter of money. Bankers lend money to foreign countries and when they cannot repay, the President sends Marines to get it".

When the planned revolt didn't materialize, other plans were developed. Frances Perkins, Secretary of Labor, reported:

"At the first meeting of the Cabinet after the President took office in 1933, the financier and advisor to Roosevelt, Bernard Baruch, and Baruch's friend, General Hugh Johnson, who was to become the head of the National Recovery Administration, came in with a copy of a book by Gentile, the Italian Fascist theoretician, for each member of the Cabinet, and we all read it with care".

Future plans called for the government to be moved towards Fascism, and government control without a revolution. They decided that the best method was through war, and Jim Farley, Roosevelt's Postmaster General, said that during the second Cabinet meeting in 1933: 'The new President again turned to the possibility of war in Japan'. Gen. Johnson wrote: 'I know of no well informed Washington observer who isn't convinced that, if Mr. Roosevelt is elected (in 1940), he will drag us into war at the first opportunity, and that, if none presents itself, he will make one'.

Roosevelt wanted Japan to withdraw, not only from Indo-China, but also China (Manchuria). To enforce his demands, he froze all Japanese assets in this country, and cancelled a 1911 commercial treaty. He had their fuel supplies cut and placed an embargo on 11 raw materials which were necessary for their military. In December 1939, this was extended to light steel. In England, Winston Churchill, and later the Dutch government, followed suit. Former President Herbert Hoover observed the various political manipulations, and said in August, 1941:

"The American people should insistently demand that Congress put a stop to step-by-step projection of the United States into undeclared war..."

On 28 September 1940, Japan, Germany, and Italy signed the Tripartite Treaty, which declared that if any of the three were attacked, all three had to respond. So if Japan attacked the U.S., and the U.S. would declare war against Japan, they would also be at war with Germany and Italy.

In October, 1940, part of FDR's strategy to push Japan into committing an overt act of war, was to move America's Pacific fleet out of California, and have it anchored at Pearl Harbor. Admiral James Richardson, the commander of the Pacific Fleet, expressed to Roosevelt his strong opposition to putting the fleet in harm's way. He was relieved of his command. Richardson later quoted Roosevelt as saying:

"Sooner or later the Japanese will commit an overt act against the United States and the nation will be willing to enter the war".

Roosevelt and Churchill had already been working on a plan to get America to enter the war in Europe. After the German ship Bismarck sank the British ship, known as the 'Hood', Churchill suggested in April, 1941, 'that an American warship should find the 'Prinz Eugen' (the Bismarck's escort ship) then draw her fire, 'thus providing the incident for which the United States would be so thankful' i.e., bring her into war. While Roosevelt planned for such a provocation in the Atlantic, Hitler told his naval commanders in July 1941, to avoid confrontation with the United States while his Russian campaign was in progress.

Joseph C. Grew used his post as the U.S. Ambassador to Japan to encourage the Japanese to enter a state of military preparedness. They were shipped steel scrap from the entire 6th Avenue Elevator Railroad of New York. The Institute of Pacific Relations, through a $2 million grant, funded communist spies who were to help induce the Japanese to strike back at the United States.

Since then, it has become common knowledge that the attack was not the surprise it was claimed to be. On 27 January  1941, Grew sent a telegram to the Secretary of State to report the following:

"The Peruvian minister has informed a member of my staff that he heard from many sources, including a Japanese source, that, in the event of trouble breaking out between the United States and Japan, the Japanese intended to make a surprise attack against Pearl Harbor."

(Source: U.S., Department of State, Publication 1983, 'Peace and War: United States Foreign Policy, 1931-1941, Washington, D.C.: U.S.', Government Printing Office, 1943)

In August 1941, Congressman Martin Dies, Chairman of the House Committee on Un-American Activities, collected evidence that the Japanese were planning to attack Pearl Harbor. The Committee was in possession of a strategic map, prepared by the Japanese Imperial Military Intelligence Department that clearly indicated their plans to attack Pearl Harbor. Dies was told not to go public with his information. An Army Intelligence officer in the Far East discovered the plan for the Pearl Harbor attack, and prior to the attack, sent three separate messages to Washington detailing the plan.

Soviet agent Richard Sorge told the Russian Government in October 1941 that 'the Japanese intend to attack Pearl Harbor in the next 60 days', and received a response from his superiors that the information had been passed onto President Roosevelt. Dusko Popov, a British double agent, received information from Germany about Japan's plans, and passed the information onto Washington. It was never acted on.

As early as 1944, Presidential candidate, New York Governor Thomas E. Dewey, said that Roosevelt knew about the attack on Pearl Harbor, before it happened. In documents declassified by the National Security Agency in 1981, America had broken the Blue (diplomatic) and Purple (naval) secret codes of the Japanese, knew all the details of the attack, and the whereabouts of the Japanese fleet. From September, 1941, until the attack itself, all Japanese communications had been intercepted and decoded by American intelligence, and indicated an impending attack on Pearl Harbor.

One transmission, from a fake weather report broadcast on a Japanese short-wave station contained the words 'higashi no kaze ame', which means 'east wind, rain', which the Americans already knew was the Japanese code for war with the United States. Top military officials denied that the 'winds' message existed and attempted to destroy all traces of its receipt.

Late in November 1941, the following order was sent out to all U.S. military commanders:

"The United States desires that Japan commit the first overt act".

According to Secretary of War Stimson, this order came directly from Roosevelt. According to Stimson's diary, 9 people in the war cabinet, all the military people, knew about FDR's plan of provocation.

The State Department knew on November 20th, that a naval force, which included four of the largest Japanese aircraft carriers were heading towards Hawaii, and this information was passed on to Pearl Harbor on November 27th. However, the American base in Hawaii was not given this information. Three days before the attack, Australian Intelligence spotted the Japanese fleet heading for Hawaii. They sent a warning to Washington, but it was dismissed by Roosevelt who said it was a politically motivated rumor circulated by the Republicans.

On 1 December 1941, the head of the Far East Division of U.S. Naval Intelligence wrote in his report to head of the Pacific Fleet:

"War between the United States and Japan will begin in the nearest future".

The Report never made it to the commander's desk, because it had been 'accidentally' detained by his superiors. Early in December, Army Intelligence knew that the diplomats at the Japanese Embassy in Washington had been ordered to destroy all codes, and to return to Japan. Washington also knew that Japan had ordered all of its merchant ships home, because they would be needed to transport soldiers and supplies for the war. On December 5, Col. Sadtler from U.S. Military Communications transmitted the following telegram to his superiors, based on information he had received:

"War with Japan will begin immediately; exclude all possibility of a second Port Arthur".

This telegram never got to its destination.

In 1932, the U.S. Navy had conducted tests at Pearl Harbor which indicated that it was vulnerable to an attack from sixty miles away without being able to detect it. Admiral J. O. Richardson, Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific fleet, wanted the fleet withdrawn to the west coast of the United States, because they were inadequately manned for war, and because the area was too exposed. It was not done. In January, 1941, Richardson was relieved of his command. It was later revealed that Roosevelt wanted him to create a naval blockade around Japan, to provoke them into a response, so the United States could declare war. He refused to do it, saying it was an act of war.

Besides knowing about the security weaknesses at the base in Pearl Harbor, and having previous knowledge about the impending attack, Roosevelt guaranteed a slaughter by ordering that the planes be grouped in circles, with their propellers facing inward, because he claimed that he wanted to protect them against 'acts of sabotage'. Rear Admiral Robert A. Theobold, USN, Retired, author of "The Final Secret of Pearl Harbor", and Col. Curtis B. Dall, the son-in-law of FDR, in an interview with Anthony Hilder for his book "Warlords of Washington", admitted that they knew about the Pearl Harbor attack before it occurred. Theobold, the Commander of all the destroyers at Pearl Harbor, said in his book, that Roosevelt knew about the attack 21 hours before it happened. So the result of this positioning of the aircraft, made it difficult for them to get out of the circle, and up in the air, because they didn't have a reverse gear. Theobold wrote:

"An incontestable fact in the true history of Pearl Harbor is the repeated withholding from Admiral Kimmel and General Walter C. Short (Navy and Army Command in Pearl Harbor) of supremely important military information ... There's never been a case in history when a commander was not informed that his country will be at war within a few hours and that his forces will most likely become the first object of attack at sunrise".

Theobold also cited the testimony of Admiral Harold Stark (head of Navy Headquarters in Washington) who did not reveal Japan's de facto declaration of war to Admiral Kimmel, and said he was acting on orders from a 'higher authority', referring to Roosevelt, because Marshall did not outrank Stark. Marshall merely passed on the Roosevelt directive of 4 December, which said that no communications could be sent to Pearl Harbor, unless it was cleared by Marshall. On 26 November 1941, Roosevelt had sent an ultimatum, insisting that the Japanese withdraw all their troops. He refused any negotiations with Prince Konoye, the Japanese Prime Minister, even though Joseph Grew (CFR member, and Rockefeller agent), the Ambassador to Japan, said that such a meeting would prevent war with the Japanese. The Japanese response from Tokyo to the Japanese embassy, encrypted in the 'purple code', was intercepted by the Navy, decoded, and given to Roosevelt on the evening of December 6th. The thirteen-point communique revealed, that because of the intense pressure of the economic sanctions, diplomatic relations with the United States were being terminated at 1:00 PM Eastern time on Sunday, 7 December. For all intents and purposes, this was a declaration of war, and upon reading it, Roosevelt said: 'This means war'.  It was not passed onto Pearl Harbor command, and it was at that time that the attack began.

While FDR was pushing Japan into drawing first blood, he told the American public in his famous campaign statement of 1940:

"While I am talking to you mothers and fathers, I give you one more assurance. I have said this before, and I shall say it again and again and again: Your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars".

Then he said later that he wouldn't send our boys to war unless we were attacked.

Lieutenant Commander Arthur McCollum worked for Naval Intelligence in Washington and was the communications routing officer for FDR. All the intercepted Japanese messages would go to McCollum, who would then route them to Roosevelt. In October, 1940, he wrote a memo which contained the basis for FDR's plan for provoking the Japanese into attacking at Pearl Harbor. It was given to two of Roosevelt's closest advisors. The memorandum revealed his sentiments that it was inevitable that Japan and America were going to war, and that Germany was going to be a threat to America's security. He said that American had to go to war, but he also understood that public opinion was against that. So public opinion had to be swayed, and Japan had to be provoked into attacking America. He named eight specific suggestions for things that America should do to make Japan more hostile towards us, ultimately pushing them into attacking us. That would rally the country behind the war effort. Because he was born and raised in Japan, he said that he understood the Japanese mentality, and knew how they would react. This included moving the Pacific fleet to Hawaii, and decimating Japan's economy with an embargo. McCollum said:

"If you adopt these policies the Japan will commit an overt act of war".

Although there is no proof that FDR actually saw this memo, he ended up implementing all eight of McCollum's points.

The Administration discovered that in 1941 a Japanese naval officer was working at the Japanese consulate in Honolulu under an assumed name. They followed him, and began to intercept his messages to Japan, which enabled the Japanese to develop a timetable for the attack, and even bomb plots. They never stopped him, and it enabled the Japanese to prepare themselves for an attack against us.

Fleet Admiral Halsey wrote:

"Our intelligence data spoke of a likely attack by Japan on the Philippines or the Dutch East Indies. Although Pearl Harbor wasn't excluded from discussion, everything relayed to us pointed to other objects of attack. If we had known that the Japanese were continually collecting detailed information about the exact location and movements of our warships in Pearl Harbor (which is made clear by intercepted reports), we naturally would have concentrated our efforts on preparations to repel an attack on Pearl Harbor".

Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson, after meeting with the Roosevelt administration on 25 November 1941, wrote in his diary:

"The discussion was about how we should maneuver to force the Japanese to fire the first shot, while not exposing ourselves to too great a danger; this will be a difficult task".

Admiral Husband E. Kimmel wrote in his memoirs:

"It was part of Roosevelt's plan that no warning be sent to the Hawaiian Islands. Our leaders in Washington, who deliberately didn't inform our forces in Pearl Harbor, cannot be justified in any way. The Pearl Harbor Command wasn't informed at all about ... the American note of 26 November1941, delivered to the Japanese ambassador, which practically excluded further negotiations and made war in the Pacific inevitable. The Army and Navy Command in the Hawaiian Islands received not even a hint about intercepted and deciphered Japanese telegrams which were forwarded to concerned parties in Washington on  6 and 7 December, 1941".

The Pacific fleet had consisted of nine battleships, three aircraft cruisers, and some smaller ships. The aircraft carriers, and the smaller, more mobile ships, were moved prior to the attack, because Roosevelt knew they would be needed for a war at sea. On 28 November, Fleet Admiral William F. Halsey (under Kimmel's' command) sailed to Wake Island with the carrier 'Enterprise', three heavy destroyers and nine small destroyers; and on 5 December, the 'Lexington', three heavy cruisers and five destroyers were sent to Midway, and the 'Saratoga' went to the Pacific Coast. The other battleships were considered dispensable, because they had been produced during and prior to World War I, and were viewed as old and obsolete. They were to be sacrificed. [And the sailors were expendable.]

On 7 December 1941, the Japanese attacked the U.S. fleet at Pearl Harbor, instead of attacking Russia, as they originally intended to do. The 'sneak attack' gave Roosevelt a reason to direct the full force of America's military might against Japan. The next day, Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war on Japan:

"We don't like it, and we didn't want to get in it, but we are in it and we're going to fight it with everything we've got.

On 1 January the 25 allied nations who went to war against Germany and Japan, signed a 'Declaration by the United Nations', which indicated that no one nation would sign a separate armistice, and Gen. Douglas MacArthur was appointed as the 'United Nations Commander of the South Pacific', becoming the Commander-in-Chief of all armed forces in the Pacific Theater.

The attack on Pearl Harbor resulted in the deaths of 2,341 American soldiers, and 2,233 more were injured or missing. Eighteen ships, including eight battleships, two destroyers, two squadron minesweepers, were sunk or heavily damaged; and 177 planes were destroyed. All of this, just to create an anti-Japanese sentiment in the country, and justify American action against Japan.

General George C. Marshall (Supreme Commander of the U.S. Army), and Admiral Harold R. Stark (Supreme Commander of the U.S. Navy) in Washington, testified that the message about the attack was not forwarded to Kimmel and Short because the Hawaiian base had received so many intercepted Japanese messages that another one would have confused them. In truth, Marshall sat on the information for 15 hours because he didn't want anything to interfere with attack. The message was sent after the attack started. Internal Army and Navy inquiries in 1944 found Kimmel and Short derelict of duty, but the truth was not revealed to the public.

Two weeks before the attack, on 23 November, Kimmel had sent nearly 100 warships from the Pacific fleet to, what turned out to be, the exact location where Japan planned to launch their attack. Unquestionably, he was looking to prevent the possibility of a sneak attack. When the Administration learned of his actions, he was criticized for 'complicating the situation'.

Eleven days after the attack, the Roberts Commission, headed by Supreme Court Justice Owen Roberts, made scapegoats of Kimmel and Short, who were denied open hearings, publicly ruined, and forced to retire. Short died in 1949, and Kimmel died in 1968.

The most incredible of the eight investigations was a joint House-Senate investigation that echoed the Roberts Commission. Both Marshall and Stark testified that they couldn't remember where they were the night the declaration of war had come in. A close friend of Frank Knox, Secretary of the Navy, later said that Knox, Stark, and Marshall spent most of that night with Roosevelt in the White House, waiting for the bombing to begin, so they could enter the war.

According to historian John Toland, Marshall told his top officers:

"Gentlemen, this goes to the grave with us".

In 1995, a Department of Defense study concluded that '
Army and Navy officials in Washington were privy to intercepted Japanese diplomatic communications ... which provided crucial confirmation of the imminence of war'.

The full extent of the deception came to the forefront with the publishing of the book "Day of Deceit: The Truth About FDR and Pearl Harbor" by Robert B. Stinnett, a retired "Oakland Tribune" photographer who served in the Pacific during World War II. After retirement, he began his investigation by interviewing former American military communications personnel, and filing Freedom of Information requests with the National Security Agency. For 17 years he gleaned through volumes of previously classified messages which had been intercepted from the Japanese.

Stinnett discovered that on 25  November 1941, Japan's Admiral Yamamoto dispatched a radio message to the group of warships that would be used to attack Pearl Harbor. It read, in part:

"...the task force, keeping its movements strictly secret and maintaining close guard against submarines and aircraft, shall advance into Hawaiian waters, and upon the very opening of hostilities shall attack the main force of the United States fleet in Hawaii and deal it a mortal blow".

From 17-25 November, the U.S. Navy intercepted 83 messages that Yamamoto sent to his carriers.

This Pearl Harbor scenario was a repeat of the American battleship 'Maine', which was 'sunk' by a Spanish mine in the port of Havana in 1898. The rallying cry of "Remember the Maine", was used to stir up anti-Spanish hysteria in America to justify us declaring war on Spain. Years later, when the ship was examined, it was established that the hull had been blown out by an explosion from inside the ship.

So what did World War II accomplish for the Illuminati? With the Japanese prepared to surrender in February 1945, the war was prolonged in order to destroy much of the industrial areas of Japan with a devastating air attack of incendiary atomic bombs. This allowed the ground to be cleared for the Illuminati to rebuild Japan with new industries so they could use cheap labor to flood the American market with cheaply manufactured goods. This would turn the United States into a nation that consumed more than it produced, creating unemployment and financial instability.

As stated previously, on the European front, the War enabled the Russians to gain control of Eastern Europe, promote Communism, paved the way for the United Nations, and the creation of the nation of Israel.

At a cost of about $400 billion, the War raised our National Debt to $220 billion, and pushed us deeper into the clutches of the Illuminati's international bankers. Because of all the intricate angles involved in this conflict, it would not be an understatement to say that World War II was probably the most costly event in American history. We may have won, but, in the long run, we lost.

Hitler 'Suicide Guns'

German author Ulrich Völklein, "Hitler's Death: The Last Days in the Führer Bunker, has perused the Soviet interrogation records of Otto Günsche, Hitler's adjutant, and Heinz Linge, his valet. Echoing what he exclusively related to British historian David Irving in 1967 -- who donated copies of the Soviet interrogation records to German archives later -- Günsche said that he, Linge, and Martin Bormann entered the Führer's private rooms in the Berlin Bunker when they smelt gunpowder.

Braun was lying on a sofa. Hitler's body was slumped over the right side of a chair.

Irving first described this in his book "Hitler's War" (The Viking Press, 1977):

"Blood was dripping from his right temple, a pool of blood was already on the carpet," Günsche testified to the Soviets, "It was immediately apparent that he had shot himself from his own pistol, a PPK 7.65mm which eight days previously after an emotional conference [on 22 April 1945] he had taken out of his bedside table and carried with him constantly, loaded." 

Linge confirmed that he saw the PPK 7.65 on the floor to the right of Hitler's body, and the 6.35 next to his left foot. Günsche sketched the guns' position also for David Irving in 1967.

After burning the bodies, as he also told the British writer, Günsche put both revolvers in his pocket and later gave them to a Lieutenant Hamann, the adjutant to Artur Axmann, head of the Hitler youth movement.

The lieutenant apparently wished to keep the guns as relics. Günsche retained Hitler's fountain pen (which he still has).

Hamann fell into Soviet hands. Stalin is claimed to have kept the 7.65 in his study.

The book "Quest" [Melchior & Brandenberg, 1990] quotes  Axmann as stating that he buried Hitler's death gun under the Sandkrug bridge in Berlin.

20 July 1998

An American dealer in North Carolina is offering for sale the two Walther pistols with which Adolf Hitler killed himself. The Nazi Führer carried one with him at all times in the final hours before his death, and used both in his macabre suicide.

Cherry's Fine Guns, of Greensboro, is asking over $3 million for the pair; one a Walther PPK 7.65 calibre, was Hitler's suicide weapon, the other, a Walther Special Model 8, 6.35 calibre, is the gun used by Geli Raubal, Hitler's niece and lover, to commit suicide in his Munich apartment in September 1931.

Dealer Kevin Cherry says that the guns were purchased from a Russian source.

"Any buyer will be able to see documents of the guns' provenance, including infra-red documents showing proof of the Russian sale".

New York, 1 July 2002

JDL leader faces fraud charges for trying to sell "Hitler suicide gun"
By Henry Benjamin

Sydney, Australia, July 1 (JTA) The head of the militant Jewish Defense League in Australia has been accused of fraud for his attempts to sell the pistol Hitler purportedly used to kill himself.

Ze'ev Korwan, 51, faces a September court date on 139 counts of fraud.

Korwan, who was charged under his real name of Michael O'Hara, allegedly forged documents using ink produced in Germany in 1936 in an effort to authenticate Hitler's gun as well as a second gun owned by Geli Raubal, Hitler's niece and lover.

The documents - including letters from SS chief Heinrich Himmler and Emile Maurice, Hitler's driver and bodyguard - then allegedly were inserted into archives in Germany and Russia.

Asking $2.5 million for each gun, Korwan put them on the world market through dealers in Melbourne, Australia, and Greensboro, N.C.

The sellers claimed the guns had been taken from Hitler's valet by the Russians, kept in Stalin's safe and then stored in KGB archives.

The sale allegedly was being made on behalf of an Austrian family that had paid $700,000 to get the guns out of Russia.

However, the "Melbourne Sunday Age" newspaper and the German publication "Der Spiegel" uncovered the alleged fraud after they combined forces to investigate the authenticity of the guns.


Adolf Hitler's
Liliput Model I Pistol


Caliber: .32
Action: Recoil Semi Automatic
Magazine Capacity: 6 rounds
Barrel Length 1.75 inches
Overall Length: 4.25 inches
Weight: 10 oz
Year Built: 1938
 

This Liliput Model I Pistol was given to Adolf Hitler by Nazi Party Member Max Kehl before the start of WWII.

It was discovered during the occupation of Germany in 1945 in Munich in the
Führerbau,
a government building used for storage, by an American sergeant.

The inscription on this side of the pistol reads:

"Presented to the revered Leader Adolf Hitler by the Party Comrade Kehl in the city of Munich from his home,
the City of Weapons, Suhl".

On the other side is inscribed:

"In defiance of the Red Front and the Reaction, for the protection of our leader"

Dr. August Priesack, an art historian employed from 1935 to 1939 in the main archives of the Nazi party,
under the command of Rudolf Hess, said:

"The gold plated extravagant pistol (manufactured by the Weapons Factory August Menz from Suhl;
a model 11A caliber 7.65 mm; engraved by Richard Schilling from Suhl was a gift from Max Kehl from Suhl
and Munich. Because Hitler always carried a pistol with him, he liked very much this especially fine model
from Suhl, a well known weapons center, engraved by a highly qualified engraver. This exquisite model,
particularly because of the inscription on both sides, was not suited to pass on to others as a present"

For several years Hitler kept the gun on him in a specially-sewn pocket of his pants.

It is now estimated to be worth from $51 million dollars to 'priceless'.



  Daily Express - 17.9.1936:

I have now seen the famous German leader and also something of the great change he has effected.

Whatever one may think of his methods - and they are certainly not those of a parliamentary country, there can be no doubt that he has achieved a marvellous transformation in the spirit of the people, in their attitude towards each other, and in their social and economic outlook.

He rightly claimed at Nuremberg that in four years his movement had made a new Germany.

It is not the Germany of the first decade that followed the war - broken, dejected and bowed down with a sense of apprehension and impotence. It is now full of hope and confidence, and of a renewed sense of determination to lead its own life without interference from any influence outside its own frontiers.

There is for the first time since the war a general sense of security. The people are more cheerful. There is a greater sense of general gaiety of spirit throughout the land. It is a happier Germany. I saw it everywhere, and Englishmen I met during my trip and who knew Germany well were very impressed with the change.

One man has accomplished this miracle. He is a born leader of men. A magnetic and dynamic personality with a single-minded purpose, a resolute will and a dauntless heart.

He is not merely in name but in fact the national Leader. He has made them safe against potential enemies by whom they were surrounded. He is also securing them against the constant dread of starvation which is one of the most poignant memories of the last years of the War and the first years of the Peace. Over 700,000 died of sheer hunger in those dark years. You can still see the effect in the physique of those who were born into that bleak world.

The fact that Hitler has rescued his country from the fear of repetition of that period of despair, penury and humiliation has given him an unchallenged authority in modern Germany.

As to his popularity, especially among the youth of Germany, there can be no manner of doubt. The old trust him; the young idolize him. It is not the admiration accorded to a popular leader. It is the worship of a national hero who has saved his country from utter despondence and degradation.

To those who have actually seen and sensed the way Hitler reigns over the heart and mind of Germany, this description may appear extravagant. All the same it is the bare truth. This great people will work better, sacrifice more, and, if necessary, fight with greater resolution because Hitler asks the to do so. Those who do not comprehend this central fact cannot judge the present possibilities of modern Germany.

That impression more than anything I witnessed during my short visit to the new Germany. There was a revivalist atmosphere. It had an extraordinary effect in unifying the nation.

Catholic and Protestant, Prussian and Bavarian, employer and workman, rich and poor, have been consolidated into one people. Religious, provincial and class origins no longer divide the nation. There is a passion for unity born of dire necessity.

The divisions, which followed the collapse of 1918, made Germany impotent to face the problems, internal and external. That is why the clash of rival passions is not only deprecated but temporarily suppressed.

I found everywhere a fierce and uncompromising hostility to Russian Bolshevism, coupled with a genuine admiration for the British people with a profound desire for a better and friendlier understanding of them. The Germans have definitely made up their minds never to quarrel with us again, nor have they any vindictive feelings towards the French. They have altogether put out of their minds any desire for the restoration of Alsace-Lorraine.

But there is a real hatred and fear of Russian Bolshevism, and unfortunately it is growing in intensity. It constitutes the driving force of their international and military policy. Their private and public talk is full of it. Wherever you go you need not wait long before you hear the word 'Bolshevismus', and it recurs again and again with a wearying reiteration.

Their eyes are concentrated on the East as if they are watching intently for the breaking of the day of wrath. Against it they are preparing with German thoroughness.

This fear is not put on. High and low they are convinced there is every reason for apprehension. They have a dread of the great army that has been built up in Russia in recent years.

An exceptionally violent anti-German campaign of abuse printed in the Russian official Press and propelled by the official Moscow radio has revived the suspicion in Germany that the Soviet Government are contemplating mischief.

-- David Lloyd George
(British Prime Minister 1916-1922) who was a hardliner against Germany in WWI

"Adolf Hitler, You Knew Him, What was He Like?"
General Léon Degrelle's memories

from the introduction  to the second volume of his uncompleted series of books on Hitler’s life and legacy, which was provisionally titled “The Hitler Century".

I have been asked that question a thousand times since 1945, and nothing is more difficult to answer.

Approximately 2000 books have dealt with the Second World War and with its central figure, Adolf Hitler. But has the real Hitler been discovered by any of them? "The enigma of Hitler is beyond all human comprehension" the left-wing German weekly 'Die Zeit' once put it.

Salvador Dali, art's unique genius, sought to penetrate the mystery in one of his most intensely dramatic paintings. Towering mountain landscapes all but fill the canvas, leaving ony a few luminous meters of seashore dotted with delicately miniaturized human figures: the last witness to a dying peace. A huge telephone receiver dripping tears of blood hangs from the branch of a dead tree; and here and there hang umbrellas and bats whose portent is visibly the same. As Dali tells it, "Chamberlain's umbrella appeared in this painting in a sinister light, made evident by the bat, and it struck me when I painted it as a thing of enormous anguish."

He then confided: "I felt this painting to be deeply prophetic. But I confess that I haven't yet figured out the Hitler enigma either. He attracted me only as an object of my mad imaginings and because I saw him as a man uniquely capable of turning things completely upside down."

What a lesson in humility for the braying critics who have rushed into print since 1945 with their thousands of 'definitive' books, most of them scornful, about this man who so troubled the introspective Dali that forty years later he still felt anguished and uncertain in the presence of his own hallucinatory painting. Apart from Dali, who else has ever tried to present an objective portrayal of this extraordinary man who Dali labeled the most explosive figure in human history?

LIKE PAVLOV'S BELL

The mountains of Hitler books based on blind hatred and ignorance do little to describe or explain the most powerful man the world has ever seen. How, I ponder, do these thousands of disparate portraits of Hitler in any way resemble the man I knew? The Hitler seated beside me, standing up, talking, listening. It has become impossible to explain to people fed fantastic tales for decades that what they have read or heard on television just does not correspond to the truth.

People have come to accept fiction, repeated a thousand times over, as reality. Yet they have never seen Hitler, never spoken to him, never heard a word from his mouth. The very name of Hitler immediately conjures up a grimacing devil, the fount of all of one's negative emotions. Like Pavlov's bell, the mention of Hitler is meant to dispense with substance and reality. In time, however, history will demand more than these summary judgements.

STRANGELY ATTRACTIVE

Hitler is always present before my eyes: as a man of peace in 1936, as a man of war in 1944. It is not possible to have been a personal witness to the life of such an extraordinary man without being marked by it forever. Not a day goes by but Hitler rises again in my memory, not as a man long dead, but as a real being who paces his office floor, seats himself in his chair, pokes the burning logs in the fireplace.

The first thing anyone noticed when he came into view was his small mustache. Countless times he had been advised to shave it off, but he always refused: people were used to him the way he was.

He was not tall -- no more than was Napoleon or Alexander the Great.

Hitler had deep blue eyes that many found bewitching, although I did not find them so.

Why did Hitler have such shining eyes with a “curiously hypnotic effect”? “The most impressive feature of his otherwise coarse and rather undistinguished face was his eyes. They were extraordinarily light blue in color, with a faint touch of greenish-gray. Almost everyone who met him mentioned his strangely compelling eyes. This includes Robert Coulondre, the French ambassador, and the German dramatist Gerhart Hauptmann who, when first introduced to Hitler, stared into his famous eyes and later told friends, ‘It was the greatest moment of my life!’ Martha Dodd, daughter of the American ambassador, was not disappointed in the famous eyes, finding them ‘startling and unforgettable….’

 “He knew the power of his own slightly protruding, shining eyes, whose lashless eyelids added to their curiously hypnotic effect". (Robert G. L. Waite. "The Psychopathic God: Adolf Hitler").  A boyhood friend of Hitler’s said his “eyes were so outstanding that one didn’t notice anything else. Never in my life have I seen any other person whose appearance—how shall I put it—was so completely dominated by the eyes …. It was uncanny how those eyes could change their expression, especially when Adolf was speaking …. In fact, Adolf spoke with his eyes, and even when his lips were silent one knew what he wanted to say.

When he first came to our house and I introduced him to my mother she said to me in the evening, ‘What eyes your friend has!’ And I remember quite distinctly that there was more fear than admiration in her words. If I am asked where one could perceive, in his youth, this man’s exceptional qualities, I can only answer, ‘In the eyes’” ( August Kubizek, "The Young Hitler I Knew").

Waite continues in his book: “Women in particular continued to be impressed and frightened by his eyes. Nietzsche’s sister, typically, was fascinated and disturbed by them: ‘They … searched me through and through.’ The penetrating quality remained to the end. A young military adjutant who saw his Führer just before Hitler killed himself in 1945 was deeply shocked by the appearance of ‘a sick, almost senile old man.’ But the eyes were still effective: ‘Only in his eyes was there an indescribable flickering brightness … and the glance he gave me was strangely penetrating’”

H.S. Chamberlain, after meeting Hitler, later told him, "“It is as if your eyes were equipped with hands, for they grip a man and hold him fast".

Waite wrote:  “Hitler’s eyes were particularly important to him, and others began to notice them in early adolescence. His secondary school teacher, Dr. Gissinger, described Adolf’s eyes as ‘shining'.

From the above quotes, we find that Hitler’s eyes were "strangely compelling," "shining," "startling and 0unforgettable," they caused fear, and "frightened" and disturbed people. His eyes would "grip a man and hold him fast".” They had a "curiously hypnotic effect".

-- Excerpt of: "Germany and the Holy Roman Empire" by Gerald Flurry

Nor did I detect the electric current his hands were said to give off. I gripped them quite a few times and was never struck by his lightning.

His face showed emotion or indifference according to the passion or apathy of the moment. At times he was as though benumbed, saying not a word, while his jaws moved in the meanwhile as if they were grinding an obstacle to smithereens in the void. Then he would come suddenly alive and launch into a speech directed at you alone, as though he were addressing a crowd of hundreds of thousands at Berlin's Tempelhof airfield. Then he became as if transfigured. Even his complexion, otherwise dull, lit up as he spoke. And at such times, to be sure, Hitler was strangely attractive and as if possessed of magic powers.

[Hitler's] effectiveness as a demagogue is attested by nearly everyone who heard him. The Munich police reports for November 1919 describe his performances as Party orator as ‘masterful’ and note time and again that he was received with ‘tumultuous applause.’ Ernst Hanfstängl, a sophisticated Harvard graduate, found Hitler "absolutely irresistible … a master of the spoken word".

Konrad Heiden, then a university student and political opponent of Hitler who had heard him dozens of times, [said]:

"Suddenly this man, who has been awkwardly standing around… begins to speak, filling the room with his voice, suppressing interruptions or contradictions by his domineering manner, spreading cold shivers among those present by the savagery of his declaration, lifting every subject of conversation into the light of history … the listener is filled with awe and feels that a new phenomenon has entered the room. This thundering demon was not there before; this is not the same timid man with the contracted shoulders. He is capable of this transformation in a personal interview and facing an audience of half a million".

-- Excerpt of: "Germany and the Holy Roman Empire" by Gerald Flurry

EXCEPTIONAL VIGOR

Anything that might have seemed too solemn in his remarks, he quickly tempered with a touch of humour. The picturesque world, the biting phrase were at his command. In a flash he would paint a word-picture that brought a smile, or come up with an unexpected and disarming comparison. He could be harsh and even implacable in his judgements and yet almost at the same time be surprisingly conciliatory, sensitive and warm.

After 1945 Hitler was accused of every cruelty, but it was not in his nature to be cruel. He loved children. It was an entirely natural thing for him to stop his car and share his food with young cyclists along the road. Once he gave his raincoat to a derelict plodding in the rain. At midnight he would interrupt his work and prepare the food for his dog Blondi.

He could not bear to eat meat, because it meant the death of a living creature. He refused to have so much as a rabbit or a trout sacrificed to provide his food. He would allow only eggs on his table, because egg-laying meant that the hen had been spared rather than killed.

Hitler's eating habits were a constant source of amazement to me. How could someone on such a rigorous schedule, who had taken part in tens of thousands of exhausting mass meetings from which he emerged bathed with sweat, often losing two to four pounds in the process; who slept only three to four hours a night; and who, from 1940 to 1945, carried the whole world on his shoulders while ruling over 380 million Europeans: how, I wondered, could he physically survive on just a boiled egg, a few tomatoes, two or three pancakes, and a plate of noodles? But he actually gained weight!

He drank only water. He did not smoke and would not tolerate smoking in his presence. At one or two o'clock in the morning he would still be talking, untroubled, close to his fireplace, lively, often amusing. He never showed any sign of weariness. Dead tired his audience might be, but not Hitler.

He was depicted as a tired old man. Nothing was further from the truth. In September 1944, when he was reported to be fairly doddering, I spent a week with him. His mental and physical vigor were still exceptional. The attempt made on his life on 20 July had, if anything, recharged him. He took tea in his quarters as tranquilly as if we had been in his small private apartment at the Chancellery before the war, or enjoying the view of snow and bright blue sky through his great bay window at Berchtesgaden.

IRON SELF-CONTROL

At the very end of his life, to be sure, his back had become bent, but his mind remained as clear as a flash of lightening. The testament he dictated with extraordinary composure on the eve of his death, at three in the morning of 29 April 1945, provides us a lasting testimony. Napoleon at Fontainebleau was not without his moments of panic before his abdication. Hitler simply shook hands with his associates in silence, breakfasted as on any other day, then went to his death as if he were going on a stroll. When has history ever witnessed so enormous a tragedy brought to its end with such iron self control?

Hitler's most notable characteristic was ever his simplicity. The most complex of problems resolved itself in his mind into a few basic principles. His actions were geared to ideas and decisions that could be understood by anyone. The laborer from Essen, the isolated farmer, the Ruhr industrialist, and the university professor could all easily follow his line of thought. The very clarity of his reasoning made everything obvious.

His behaviour and his life style never changed even when he became the ruler of Germany. He dressed and lived frugally. During his early days in Munich, he spent no more than a Mark per day for food. At no stage in his life did he spend anything on himself. Throughout his 13 years in the Chancellery he never carried a wallet or ever had money of his own.

COMPUTER-LIKE MIND

Hitler was self-taught and made not attempt to hide the fact. The smug conceit of intellectuals, their shiny ideas packaged like so many flashlight batteries, irritated him at times. His own knowledge he had acquired through selective and unremitting study, and he knew far more than thousands of diploma-decorated academics.

I don't think anyone ever read as much as he did. He normally read one book every day, always first reading the conclusion and the index in order to gauge the work's interest for him. He had the power to extract the essence of each book and then store it in his computer-like mind. I have heard him talk about complicated scientific books with faultless precision, even at the height of the war.

His intellectual curiosity was limitless. He was readily familiar with the writings of the most diverse authors, and nothing was too complex for his comprehension. He had a deep knowledge and understanding of Buddha, Confucius and Jesus Christ, as well as Luther, Calvin, and Savonarola; of literary giants such as Dante, Schiller, Shakespeare and Göthe; and analytical writers such as Renan and Gobineau, Chamberlain and Sorel.

He had trained himself in philosophy by studying Aristotle and Plato. He could quote entire paragraphs of Schopenhauer from memory, and for a long time carried a pocked edition of Schopenhauer with him. Nietzsche taught him much about the willpower.

His thirst for knowledge was unquenchable. He spend hundreds of hours studying the works of Tacitus and Mommsen, military strategists such as Clausewitz, and empire builders such as Bismark. Nothing escaped him: world history or the history of civilizations, the study of the Bible and the Talmud, Thomistic philosophy and all the masterpieces of Homer, Sophocles, Horace, Ovid, Titus Livius and Cicero. He knew Julian the Apostate as if he had been his contemporary.

His knowledge also extended to mechanics. He knew how engines worked; he understood the ballistics of various weapons; and he astonished the best medical scientists with his knowledge of medicine and biology.

The universality of Hitler's knowledge may surprise or displease those unaware of it, but it is nonetheless a historical fact: Hitler was one of the most cultivated men of this century. Many times more so than Churchill, an intellectual mediocrity; or than Pierre Lavaal, with his mere cursory knowledge of history; or than Roosevelt; or Eisenhower, who never got beyond detective novels.

THE YOUNG ARCHITECT

Even during his earliest years, Hitler was different than other children. He had an inner strength and was guided by his spirit and his instincts.

He could draw skillfully when he was only eleven years old. His sketches made at that age show a remarkable firmness and liveliness. He first paintings and watercolors, created at age 15, are full of poetry and sensitivity. One of his most striking early works, 'Fortress Utopia', also shows him to have been an artist of rare imagination.

His artistic orientation took many forms. He wrote poetry from the time he was a lad. He dictated a complete play to his sister Paula who was amazed at his presumption. At the age of 16, in Vienna, he launched into the creation of an opera. He even designed the stage settings, as well as all the costumes; and, of course, the characters were Wagnerian heroes.

More than just an artist, Hitler was above all an architect. Hundreds of his works were notable as much for the architecture as for the painting. From memory alone he could reproduce in every detail the onion dome of a church or the intricate curves of wrought iron. Indeed, it was to fulfill his dream of becoming an architect that Hitler went to Vienna at the beginning of the century.

When one sees the hundreds of paintings, sketches and drawings he created at the time, which reveal his mastery of three dimensional figures, it is astounding that his examiners at the Fine Arts Academy failed him in two successive examinations. German historian Werner Maser, no friend of Hitler, castigated these examiners: "All of his works revealed extraordinary architectural gifts and knowledge. The builder of the Third Reich gives the former Fine Arts Academy of Vienna cause for shame".

In his room, Hitler always displayed an old photograph of his mother. The memory of the mother he loved was with him until the day he died. Before leaving this earth, on 30 April 1945, he placed his mother's photograph in front of him. She had blue eyes like his and a similar face. Her maternal intuition told her that her son was different from other children. She acted almost as if she knew her son's destiny. When she died, she felt anguished by the immense mystery surrounding her son.

HUMBLE ORIGINS

Throughout the years of his youth, Hitler lived the life of a virtual recluse. He greatest wish was to withdraw from the world. At heart a loner, he wandered about, ate meager meals, but devoured the books of three public libraries. He abstained from conversations and had few friends.

It is almost impossible to imagine another such destiny where a man started with so little and reached such heights. Alexander the great was the son of a king. Napoleon, from a well-to-do family, was a general at 24. Fifteen years after Vienna, Hitler would still be an unknown corporal. Thousands of others had a thousand times more opportunity to leave their mark on the world.

Hitler was not much concerned with his private life. In Vienna he had lived in shabby, cramped lodgings. But for all that he rented a piano that took up half his room, and concentrated on composing his opera. He lived on bread, milk, and vegetable soup. His poverty was real. He did not even own an over-coat. He shoveled streets on snowy days. He carried luggage at the railway station. He spent many weeks in shelters for the homeless. But he never stopped painting or reading.

Despite his dire poverty, Hitler somehow managed to maintain a clean appearance. Landlords and landladies in Vienna and Munich all remembered him for his civility and pleasant disposition. His behavior was impeccable. His room was always spotless, his meager belongings meticulously arranged, and his clothes neatly hung or folded. He washed and ironed his own clothes, something which in those days few men did. He needed almost nothing to survive, and money from the sale of a few paintings was sufficient to provide for all his needs.

SEARCH FOR DESTINY

Impressed by the beauty of the church in a Benedictine monastery where he was part of the choir and served as an altar boy, Hitler dreamt fleetingly of becoming a Benedictine monk. And it was at that time, too, interestingly enough, that whenever he attended mass, he always had to pass beneath the first Swastika he had ever seen: it was graven in the stone escutcheon of the abbey portal.

Hitler's father, a customs officer, hoped the boy would follow in his footsteps and become a civil servant. His tutor encouraged him to become a monk. Instead the young Hitler went, or rather fled, to Vienna. And there, thwarted in his artistic aspirations by the bureaucratic mediocrities of academia, he turned to isolation and meditation. Lost in the great capital of Austria-Hungary, he searched for his destiny.

During the first 30 years of Hitler's life, the date 20 April 1889, meant nothing to anyone. He was born on that day in Braunau, a small town in the Inn valley.


Today it seems to me providential that Fate should have chosen
Braunau on the Inn as my birthplace.
For this little town lies on the boundary between two German states which
we, of the younger generation at least,
have made it our life work to reunite
by every means at our disposal.

-- Adolf Hitler

During his exile in Vienna, he often thought of his modest home, and particularly of his mother. When she fell ill, he returned home from Vienna to look after her. For weeks he nursed her, did all the household chores, and supported her as the most loving of sons. When she finally died, on Christmas eve, his pain was immense. Wracked with grief, he buried his mother in the little country cemetery. "I have never seen anyone so prostrate with grief," said his mother's doctor, who happened to be Jewish.

A STRONG SOUL

Hitler had not yet focused on politics, but without his rightly knowing, that was the career to which he was most strongly called. Politics would ultimately blend with his passion for art. People, the masses, would be the clay the sculptor shapes into an immortal form. The human clay would become for him a beautiful work of art like one of Myron's marble sculptures, a Hans Makart painting, or Wagner's Ring Trilogy.

His love of music, art and architecture had not removed him from the political life and social concerns of Vienna. In order to survive, he worked as a common laborer sided by side with other workers. He was a silent spectator, but nothing escaped him: not the vanity and egoism of the bourgeoisie, not the moral and material misery of the people, nor yet the hundreds of thousands of workers who surged down the wide avenues of Vienna with anger in their hearts.

He had also been taken aback by the growing presence in Vienna of bearded Jews wearing caftans, a sight unknown in Linz. "How can they be Germans?" he asked himself. He read the statistics: in 1860 there were 69 Jewish families in Vienna; 40 years later there were 200,000. They were everywhere. He observed their invasion of the universities and the legal and medical professions, and their takeover of the newspapers.

Hitler was exposed to the passionate reactions of the workers to this influx, but the workers were not alone in their unhappiness. There were many prominent persons in Austria and Hungary who did not hide their resentment at what they believed was an alien invasion of their country. The mayor of Vienna, a Christian-Democrat and a powerful orator, was eagerly listened to by Hitler.

Hitler was also concerned with the fate of the eight million Austrian Germans kept apart from Germany, and thus deprived of their rightful German nationhood. He saw Emperor Franz Josef as a bitter and petty old man unable to cope with the problems of the day and the aspirations of the future.

Quietly, the young Hitler was summing things up in his mind.

First: Austrians were part of Germany, the common fatherland.

Second: The Jews were aliens within the German community.

Third: Patriotism was only valid if it was shared by all classes. The common people with whom Hitler had shared grief and humiliation were just as much a part of the Fatherland as the millionaires of high society.

Fourth: Class war would sooner or later condemn both workers and bosses to ruin in any country. No country could survive class war; only cooperation between workers and bosses can benefit the country. Workers must be respected and live with decency and honor. Creativity must never be stifled.

When Hitler later said that he had formed his social and political doctrine in Vienna, he told the truth. Ten years later his observations made in Vienna would become the order of the day.

Thus Hitler was to live for several years in the crowded city of Vienna as a virtual outcast, yet quietly observing everything around him. His strength came from within. He did not rely on anyone to do his thinking for him. Exceptional human beings always feel lonely amid the vast human throng. Hitler saw his solitude as a wonderful opportunity to meditate and not to be submerged in a mindless sea. In order not to be lost in the wastes of a sterile desert, a strong soul seeks refuge within himself. Hitler was such a soul.

THE WORD

The lightning in Hitler's life would come from the word.

All his artistic talent would be channeled into his mastery of communication and eloquence. Hitler would never conceive of popular conquests without the power of the word. He would enchant and be enchanted by it. He would find total fulfillment when the magic of his words inspired the hearts and minds of the masses with whom he communed.

He would feel reborn each time he conveyed with mystical beauty the knowledge he had acquired in his lifetime.

Hitler's incantory eloquence will remain, for a very long time, a vast field of study for the psychoanalyst. The power of Hitler's word is the key. Without it, there would never have been a Hitler era.

TRANSCENDANT FAITH

Did Hitler believe in God? He believed deeply in God. He called God the Almighty, master of all that is known and unknown.

Propagandists portrayed Hitler as an atheist. He was not. He had contempt for hypocritical and materialistic clerics, but he was not alone in that. He believed in the necessity of standards and theological dogmas, without which, he repeatedly said, the great institution of the Christian church would collapse. These dogmas clashed with his intelligence, but he also recognized that it was hard for the human mind to encompass all the problems of creation, its limitless scope and breathtaking beauty. He acknowledged that every human being has spiritual needs.

The song of the nightingale, the pattern and color of a flower, continually brought him back to the great problems of creation. No one in the world has spoken to me so eloquently about the existence of God. He held this view not because he was brought up as a Christian, but because his analytical mind bound him to the concept of God, Hitler's faith transcended formulas and contingencies. God was for him the basis of everything, the ordainer of all things, of his Destiny and that of all others.


"If I had a son, I would want him to be like you".

-- Adolf Hitler
 
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